Site Menu

* Muni Open Access
* Feasibility
* Funding
* Design & Build
* Operations
* About OHIvey
* Telecom Story

* Home
* News
* Site Map

index advanced
site search by freefind

Contact:
email:
info@ohivey.com
telephone:
(530) 255-4839

PO Box 1356
Sandy UT 84091


- UTOPIA Project History

 

 

Bibliography

These are some of the materials we have found useful for expanding our understanding of municipal open access fiber to the premises.

Written by:

      

About:

      

Tite: "Open access:" the ideal and the real
Author: Billtingmayer, George Hazlett, Thomas W.
Date: 20020101
Topic(s): Open Access Networks
Publisher: Telecommunications Policy (White Paper). No. 26, pp. 295-310. Retrieved 18 January 2012. (2002 Open Access - Ideal and Real.pdf)

Abstract – “Open access” would allow ISPs to use a cable operator’s broadband connection under regulated terms and conditions. Advocates stress the desirability of an “end-to-end” architecture for the Internet and the danger that cable operators will use their control over the last mile to limit consumer choice and stifle innovation. Opponents contend that wholesale price controls and other regulatory burdens under what they term “forced access” would in fact slow down the deployment of broadband, stifle innovation and harm consumers. The fears of “open access” advocates seem largely speculative at this point. Evidence from related policies also favors the opponents. “Closed” cable systems are beating their “open” DSL competitors in the market place; analogous regulation of cable ATV did not serve consumers well; and forced “unbundling” of local service has been controversial and largely ineffective. In addition, relevant technology stocks declined in price with political and legal victories for “open access” and increased when it suffered setbacks.


Rating: 4


Tite: $300 Billion Broadband Scandal
Author: Kusnick, Bruce
Date: 20090608
Topic(s): 00 - Unassigned
Publisher: New Networks Institute (00 - Unassigned). Retrieved 11 October 2012. (2009 Broadband Scandal.pdf)

Rating: 0


Tite: 10 Benefits of Health IT
Author: Internet Innovation Alliance
Date: 20120721
Topic(s): 00 - Unassigned
Publisher: The Internet Innovation Alliance (00 - Unassigned). Viewed 4 August 2012.

Rating: 0


Tite: 2008 - A Report on Internet Speeds in All 50 States
Author: Speed Matters
Date: 20080801
Topic(s): 00 - Unassigned
Publisher: Communications Workers of America; Washington, DC (00 - Unassigned). Retrieved 24 January 2012. (2008 Speed Matters Report.pdf)

Rating: 0


Tite: 2009 - A Report on Internet Speeds in All 50 States
Author: Speed Matters
Date: 20090801
Topic(s): 00 - Unassigned
Publisher: Communications Workers of America; Washington, DC (00 - Unassigned). Retrieved 24 January 2012. (2009 Speed Matters Report.pdf)

Rating: 0


Tite: 2010 - A Report on Internet Speeds in All 50 States
Author: Speed Matters
Date: 20101111
Topic(s): 00 - Unassigned
Publisher: Communications Workers of America; Washington, DC (00 - Unassigned). Retrieved 24 January 2012. (2010 Speed Matters Report.pdf)

Rating: 0


Tite: A Bear Speaks: Why Verizon’s Pricey FiOS Bet Won’t Pay Off
Author: Hansell, Saul
Date: 20080819
Topic(s): 00 - Unassigned
Publisher: New York Times Bits (00 - Unassigned). Viewed 4 August 2012

Hansell summarizes Craig Moffett’s (Wall Street cable analyst) arguments as to why infrastructure investment – and especially Verizon’s FiOS investment – is a bad deal. In the comments (comment #54) a Verizon official (Bob Varettoni) responds and claims, in part, “When we looked at FiOS, we looked not only at what was financially prudent today, but also where communications and entertainment technology was headed tomorrow – and 10 years from now. We looked at how customer demands would change and grow. We even considered how regulators and policymakers might come to value the great potential of broadband to provide an economic stimulus to the U.S. economy, and perhaps even some solutions to our health care and environmental concerns. “In the near future, we see the benefits of having a converged set of products and services. We see new services that will drive additional revenues. For example, in our view, FiOS Internet is a natural replacement for outdated cable-modem technology, with fiber capacities better suited to handling streaming media and the burgeoning, bandwidth-intense applications being developed for everything from social networking, to gaming and entertainment, to work-at-home, education and health care. We also see wireless as a more feature-rich replacement to cable-based telephone services.

“Our fiber network will create new uses. We didn’t build it to provide plain old cable TV service. Instead, it’s our view that customers will increasingly demand the types of wireless and fiber broadband services that are just now beginning to emerge.”
Rating: 0


Tite: A Brief History of American Telecommunications Regulation
Author: Wu, Tim
Date: 20070228
Topic(s): 00 - Unassigned
Publisher: Columbia University Law School (00 - Unassigned). Retrieved 6 February 2012. (2007 Telecom Regulation.pdf)

Rating: 0


Tite: A First Look at 1 Gbps Fiber-to the Home Traffic
Author: Allman, Mark Dooner, Tom Sargent, Matthew Stack, Brian
Date: 20120801
Topic(s): 00 - Unassigned
Publisher: International Computer Science Institute (00 - Unassigned). Retrieved 12 October 2012. (2012 1Gbps.pdf)

Rating: 0


Tite: A Full House (FTTH) Beats HFC Every Time
Author: Bowers, Michael
Date: 20041001
Topic(s): FTTH
Publisher: Fiber to the Home Council (White Paper). Retrieved 12 September 2011. (2004 Full House.pdf)

Rating: 0


Tite: A New Product Adoption Model with Price, Advertising and Uncertainty
Author: Kalish, Shlomo
Date: 19850101
Topic(s): 00 - Unassigned
Publisher: Management Science (00 - Unassigned). Vol. 32, No. 12, December, pp. 1569-1585

Rating: 0


Tite: A Performance Audit of the Utah Telecommunication Open Infrastructure Agency
Author: Schaff, John M.
Date: 20120801
Topic(s): UTOPIA
Publisher: Office of the Legislative Auditor General State of Utah (00 - Unassigned). (UTOPIA 2012 Legislative Audit.pdf)

Rating: 0


Tite: A Race with Two Tortoises
Author: Tedesco, Richard
Date: 19990614
Topic(s): 00 - Unassigned
Publisher: Broadcasting & Cable (00 - Unassigned). Viewed 2 March 2012.

Rating: 0


Tite: A Resolution Establishing the Methodology to Pay Annual Debt Service for Ashland Fiber Network Full Faith and Credit Bonds, Series 2004
Author: Ashland, City of
Date: 20070116
Topic(s): Ashland (AFN)
Publisher: City of Ashland (Reports). Viewed 21 December 2011

Visit the OHIvey study of the Ashland project.


Rating: 3


Tite: A Resolution Establishing the Methodology to Pay Annual Debt Service for Ashland Fiber Network Full Faith and Credit Bonds, Series 2004: A Resolution Establishing the Methodology to Pay Annual Debt Service for Ashland Fiber Network Full Faith and Cre
Author:
Date: 20070116
Topic(s):
Publisher: City of Ashland (Reports). Viewed 21 December 2011

Visit the OHIvey study of the Ashland project.


Rating: 3


Tite: A Study of the Economic and Community Benefits of Cedar Falls, Iowa’s Municipal Telecommunications Network
Author: Kelley, Doris J.
Date: 20040706
Topic(s): 00 - Unassigned
Publisher: (00 - Unassigned). Retrieved 12 September 2011. (CF 2004 Study.pdf)

This is an update to Kelley's 2003 study of the same name.


Rating: 0


Tite: Adoption of New AFN Internet Rates and Charges
Author: Ashland, City of
Date: 20101207
Topic(s): Ashland (AFN)
Publisher: City of Ashland (Reports). Retrieved 21 December 2011. (AFN 2010 Rates.pdf)

Visit the OHIvey study of the Ashland project.


Rating: 3


Tite: AFN 2001-2002 First Quarter Report
Author: Ashland, City of
Date: 20011101
Topic(s): Ashland (AFN)
Publisher: City of Ashland (Reports). Retrieved 21 December 2011. (AFN 2001-2002 1st Qtr.pdf)

Visit the OHIvey study of the Ashland project.


Rating: 3


Tite: AFN 2001-2002 Fourth Quarter Report
Author: Ashland, City of
Date: 20020616
Topic(s): Ashland (AFN)
Publisher: City of Ashland (Reports). Retrieved 21 December 2011. (AFN 2001-2002 4th Qtr.pdf)

Visit the OHIvey study of the Ashland project.


Rating: 3


Tite: AFN 2001-2002 Second Quarter Report
Author: Ashland, City of
Date: 20020115
Topic(s): Ashland (AFN)
Publisher: City of Ashland (Reports). Retrieved 21 December 2011. (AFN 2001-2002 2nd Qtr.pdf)

Visit the OHIvey study of the Ashland project.


Rating: 3


Tite: AFN 2001-2002 Third Quarter Report
Author: Ashland, City of
Date: 20020416
Topic(s): Ashland (AFN)
Publisher: City of Ashland (Reports). Retrieved 21 December 2011. (AFN 2001-2002 3rd Qtr.pdf)

Visit the OHIvey study of the Ashland project.


Rating: 3


Tite: AFN 2002-2003 First Quarter Report
Author: Ashland, City of
Date: 20021015
Topic(s): Ashland (AFN)
Publisher: City of Ashland (Reports). Retrieved 21 December 2011. (AFN 2002-2003 1st Qtr.pdf)

Visit the OHIvey study of the Ashland project.


Rating: 3


Tite: AFN 2002-2003 Fourth Quarter Report [no document title]
Author: Ashland, City of
Date: 20030819
Topic(s): Ashland (AFN)
Publisher: City of Ashland (Reports). Retrieved 21 December 2011. (AFN 2002-2003 4th Qtr.pdf)

Visit the OHIvey study of the Ashland project.


Rating: 3


Tite: AFN 2002-2003 Second Quarter Report
Author: Ashland, City of
Date: 20030121
Topic(s): Ashland (AFN)
Publisher: City of Ashland (Reports). Retrieved 21 December 2011. (AFN 2002-2003 2nd Qtr.pdf)

Visit the OHIvey study of the Ashland project.

The document is erroneously titled “2002-2003 First Quarter Report”


Rating: 3


Tite: AFN 2002-2003 Second Quarter Report
Author: Ashland, City of
Date: 20030204
Topic(s): Ashland (AFN)
Publisher: City of Ashland (Reports). Retrieved 21 December 2011. (AFN 2002-2003 2nd Qtr (2).pdf)

Visit the OHIvey study of the Ashland project.


Rating: 3


Tite: AFN 2002-2003 Third Quarter Report
Author: Ashland, City of
Date: 20030506
Topic(s): Ashland (AFN)
Publisher: City of Ashland (Reports). Retrieved 21 December 2011. (AFN 2002-2003 3rd QTR.pdf)

Visit the OHIvey study of the Ashland project.


Rating: 3


Tite: AFN 2003-2004 Fourth Quarter Report
Author: Ashland, City of
Date: 20040807
Topic(s): Ashland (AFN)
Publisher: City of Ashland (Reports). Viewed 21 December 2011. (AFN 2003-2004 4th Qtr.pdf)

Visit the OHIvey study of the Ashland project.

The report can be found here.


Rating: 3


Tite: AFN 2003-2004 Third Quarter Report
Author: Ashland, City of
Date: 20040504
Topic(s): Ashland (AFN)
Publisher: City of Ashland (Reports). Retrieved 21 December 2011 (AFN 2003-2004 3rd Qtr.pdf)

Visit the OHIvey study of the Ashland project.


Rating: 3


Tite: AFN 2004-2005 First Quarter Report
Author: Ashland, City of
Date: 20041116
Topic(s): Ashland (AFN)
Publisher: City of Ashland (Reports). Retrieved 21 December 2011. (AFN 2004-2005 1st Qtr.pdf)

Visit the OHIvey study of the Ashland project.


Rating: 3


Tite: AFN 2004-2005 Fourth Quarter Report
Author: Ashland, City of
Date: 20050806
Topic(s): Ashland (AFN)
Publisher: City of Ashland (Reports). Retrieved 21 December 2011. (AFN 2004-2005 4th Qtr.pdf)

Visit the OHIvey study of the Ashland project.


Rating: 3


Tite: AFN 2004-2005 Second Quarter Report
Author: Ashland, City of
Date: 20050315
Topic(s): Ashland (AFN)
Publisher: City of Ashland (Reports). Viewed 21 December 2011. (AFN 2004-2005 2nd Qtr with Navigant Report.pdf)

Visit the OHIvey study of the Ashland project.

The report can be found here.


Rating: 3


Tite: AFN 2004-2005 Third Quarter Report
Author: Ashland, City of
Date: 20050426
Topic(s): Ashland (AFN)
Publisher: City of Ashland (Reports). Retrieved 21 December 2011. (AFN 2004-2005 3rd Qtr.pdf)

Visit the OHIvey study of the Ashland project.


Rating: 3


Tite: AFN 2005-2006 First Half Report
Author: Ashland, City of
Date: 20060207
Topic(s): Ashland (AFN)
Publisher: City of Ashland (Reports). Retrieved 21 December 2011. (AFN 2006 Financial Narrative.pdf)

Visit the OHIvey study of the Ashland project.


Rating: 3


Tite: AFN Annual Report
Author: Ashland, City of
Date: 20110621
Topic(s): Ashland (AFN)
Publisher: City of Ashland (Reports). Viewed 21 December 2011

Visit the OHIvey study of the Ashland project.


Rating: 3


Tite: AFN Annual Report: 2011 Annual Report
Author: Ashland, City of
Date: 20110621
Topic(s): Ashland (AFN)
Publisher: City of Ashland (Reports). Retrieved 21 December 2011. (AFN 2011 Annual Report.pdf)

Visit the OHIvey study of the Ashland project.


Rating: 3


Tite: AFN Annual Report: AFN 2011 Annual Report
Author: Ashland, City of
Date: 20110621
Topic(s): Ashland (AFN)
Publisher: City of Ashland (Reports). Retrieved 21 December 2011. (AFN 2011 Annual Report Cover.pdf)

Visit the OHIvey study of the Ashland project.


Rating: 3


Tite: AFN Business Plan
Author: Ashland, City of
Date: 20070205
Topic(s): Ashland (AFN)
Publisher: City of Ashland (Reports). Retrieved 21 December 2011. (2007 Business Plan.pdf)

Visit the OHIvey study of the Ashland project.


Rating: 3


Tite: AFN Business Plan
Author: Ashland, City of
Date: 20100817
Topic(s): Ashland (AFN)
Publisher: City of Ashland (Reports). Viewed 21 December 2011

Visit the OHIvey study of the Ashland project.


Rating: 3


Tite: AFN Business Plan: Ashland Fiber Network Strategic Plan
Author: Ashland, City of
Date: 20100817
Topic(s): Ashland (AFN)
Publisher: City of Ashland (Reports). Retrieved 21 December 2011. (AFN 2010 Business Plan.pdf)

Visit the OHIvey study of the Ashland project.


Rating: 3


Tite: AFN Business Plan: Preparation for Approval of the AFN Strategic Business Plan
Author: Ashland, City of
Date: 20100817
Topic(s): Ashland (AFN)
Publisher: City of Ashland (Reports). Retrieved 21 December 2011. (AFN 2010 Business Plan Cover.pdf)

Visit the OHIvey study of the Ashland project.


Rating: 3


Tite: AFN Cash Flow Model
Author: Ashland, City of
Date: 20050426
Topic(s): 00 - Unassigned
Publisher: City of Ashland (00 - Unassigned). (AFN 2005 Cash Flow Model.pdf)

Rating: 0


Tite: AFN City Council Study Session
Author: Ashland, City of
Date: 20050426
Topic(s): Ashland (AFN)
Publisher: City of Ashland (Reports). Viewed 21 December 2011

Visit the OHIvey study of the Ashland project.


Rating: 3


Tite: AFN City Council Study Session: 'Broadband' Internet Comparison
Author: Ashland, City of
Date: 20050426
Topic(s): Ashland (AFN)
Publisher: City of Ashland (Reports). Viewed 21 December 2011

Visit the OHIvey study of the Ashland project.


Rating: 3


Tite: AFN City Council Study Session: AFN Cash Flow Model
Author: Ashland, City of
Date: 20050426
Topic(s): Ashland (AFN)
Publisher: City of Ashland (Reports). Viewed 21 December 2011

Visit the OHIvey study of the Ashland project.


Rating: 3


Tite: AFN City Council Study Session: AFN Pay per View (PPV) Situation
Author: Ashland, City of
Date: 20050426
Topic(s): Ashland (AFN) Video
Publisher: City of Ashland (Reports). Viewed 21 December 2011

Visit the OHIvey study of the Ashland project.


Rating: 3


Tite: AFN City Council Study Session: AFN Quarterly Report
Author: Ashland, City of
Date: 20050426
Topic(s): Ashland (AFN)
Publisher: City of Ashland (Reports). Viewed 21 December 2011

Visit the OHIvey study of the Ashland project.


Rating: 3


Tite: AFN City Council Study Session: AFN Revenues, Expenses & Cash Flow
Author: Ashland, City of
Date: 20050426
Topic(s): Ashland (AFN)
Publisher: City of Ashland (Reports). Retrieved 21 December 2011. (AFN 2005 Revenues-Expenses-Cash Flow.pdf)

Visit the OHIvey study of the Ashland project.


Rating: 3


Tite: AFN City Council Study Session: AFN Sales Training #1 Follow-up Report
Author: Ashland, City of
Date: 20050426
Topic(s): Ashland (AFN)
Publisher: City of Ashland (Reports). Viewed 21 December 2011

Visit the OHIvey study of the Ashland project.


Rating: 3


Tite: AFN City Council Study Session: AFN Survey Results - 2004
Author: Ashland, City of
Date: 20050426
Topic(s): Ashland (AFN)
Publisher: City of Ashland (Reports). Retrieved 21 December 2011. (AFN 2004 Survey Results.pdf)

Visit the OHIvey study of the Ashland project.


Rating: 3


Tite: AFN City Council Study Session: Capital Refresh Fund
Author: Ashland, City of
Date: 20050426
Topic(s): Ashland (AFN)
Publisher: City of Ashland (Reports). Viewed 21 December 2011

Visit the OHIvey study of the Ashland project.


Rating: 3


Tite: AFN City Council Study Session: Dec 21, 04 Rate Increase/Tier Realignment/Notice Requirements
Author: Ashland, City of
Date: 20050426
Topic(s): Ashland (AFN)
Publisher: City of Ashland (Reports). Viewed 21 December 2011

Visit the OHIvey study of the Ashland project.


Rating: 3


Tite: AFN City Council Study Session: Other Broadband Utilities Operating Experineces and Predatory Pricing Issues
Author: Ashland, City of
Date: 20050426
Topic(s): Ashland (AFN)
Publisher: City of Ashland (Reports). Viewed 21 December 2011

Visit the OHIvey study of the Ashland project.


Rating: 3


Tite: AFN City Council Study Session: The Ashland Fiber Network; Suggestions on How to Help it Pay it's [sic] Own Way
Author: Ashland, City of
Date: 20050426
Topic(s): Ashland (AFN)
Publisher: City of Ashland (Reports). Retrieved 21 December 2011. (AFN 2005 Comments.pdf)

Visit the OHIvey study of the Ashland project.


Rating: 3


Tite: AFN Debt Options Matrix
Author: Ashland, City of
Date: 20061229
Topic(s): 00 - Unassigned
Publisher: City of Ashland (00 - Unassigned). (AFN 2006 Debt Options Matrix.pdf)

Rating: 0


Tite: AFN Debt Service
Author: Ashland, City of
Date: 20060307
Topic(s): Ashland (AFN)
Publisher: City of Ashland (Reports). Viewed 21 December 2011

Visit the OHIvey study of the Ashland project.


Rating: 3


Tite: AFN Debt Service Alternatives
Author: Ashland, City of
Date: 20060502
Topic(s): 00 - Unassigned
Publisher: City of Ashland (00 - Unassigned). (AFN Attachment-Debt-Service.pdf)

Rating: 0


Tite: AFN Debt Service Alternatives
Author: Ashland, City of
Date: 20060307
Topic(s): Ashland (AFN)
Publisher: City of Ashland (Reports). Retrieved 21 December 2011. (AFN 2006 Debt Service Matrix.pdf)

Visit the OHIvey study of the Ashland project.


Rating: 3


Tite: AFN Debt Service Alternatives for the City
Author: Ashland, City of
Date: 20060502
Topic(s): Ashland (AFN)
Publisher: City of Ashland (Reports). Viewed 21 December 2011

Visit the OHIvey study of the Ashland project.


Rating: 3


Tite: AFN Debt Service Alternatives for the City
Author: Ashland, City of
Date: 20070102
Topic(s): Ashland (AFN)
Publisher: City of Ashland (Reports). Viewed 21 December 2011

Visit the OHIvey study of the Ashland project.


Rating: 3


Tite: AFN Debt Service Alternatives for the City: AFN Debt Options Matrix
Author: Ashland, City of
Date: 20070102
Topic(s): Ashland (AFN)
Publisher: City of Ashland (Reports). Retrieved 21 December 2011. (AFN 2006 Debt Service Matrix.pdf)

Visit the OHIvey study of the Ashland project.


Rating: 3


Tite: AFN Debt Service Alternatives for the City: AFN Debt Service Alternatives
Author: Ashland, City of
Date: 20060502
Topic(s): Ashland (AFN)
Publisher: City of Ashland (Reports). Retrieved 21 December 2011. (AFN 2006 Debt Service Alternatives.pdf)

Visit the OHIvey study of the Ashland project.


Rating: 3


Tite: AFN Decision
Author: Ashland, City of
Date: 20060501
Topic(s): Ashland (AFN)
Publisher: City of Ashland (Reports). Viewed 21 December 2011

Visit the OHIvey study of the Ashland project.


Rating: 3


Tite: AFN Decision: Attachments A-F
Author: Ashland, City of
Date: 20060501
Topic(s): Ashland (AFN)
Publisher: City of Ashland (Reports). Retrieved 21 December 2011. (AFN 2006 Discussion Attachments.pdf)

Visit the OHIvey study of the Ashland project.


Rating: 3


Tite: AFN Decision: Paul Mace Attachment F
Author: Ashland, City of
Date: 20060501
Topic(s): Ashland (AFN)
Publisher: City of Ashland (Reports). Retrieved 21 December 2011/ (AFN 2006 Paul Mace.pdf)

Visit the OHIvey study of the Ashland project.


Rating: 3


Tite: AFN Financing
Author: Ashland, City of
Date: 20040504
Topic(s): Ashland (AFN)
Publisher: City of Ashland (Reports). Viewed 21 December 2011

Visit the OHIvey study of the Ashland project.


Rating: 3


Tite: AFN Option Evaluation Criteria
Author: Ashland, City of
Date: 20060307
Topic(s): Ashland (AFN)
Publisher: City of Ashland (Reports). Retrieved 21 December 2011. (AFN 2006 Option Criteria.pdf)

Visit the OHIvey study of the Ashland project.


Rating: 3


Tite: AFN Options
Author: Ashland, City of
Date: 20051129
Topic(s): Ashland (AFN)
Publisher: City of Ashland (Reports). Viewed 21 December 2011

Visit the OHIvey study of the Ashland project.


Rating: 3


Tite: AFN Options
Author: Ashland, City of
Date: 20060307
Topic(s): Ashland (AFN)
Publisher: City of Ashland (Reports). Viewed 21 December 2011

Visit the OHIvey study of the Ashland project.


Rating: 3


Tite: AFN Options: AFN Options Committee Report
Author: Ashland, City of
Date: 20051129
Topic(s): Ashland (AFN)
Publisher: City of Ashland (Reports). Viewed 21 December 2011

Visit the OHIvey study of the Ashland project.


Rating: 3


Tite: AFN Options: AFN Options Committee Report Appendixes
Author: Ashland, City of
Date: 20051129
Topic(s): Ashland (AFN)
Publisher: City of Ashland (Reports). Retrieved 21 December 2011. (AFN 2005 Appendices.pdf)

Visit the OHIvey study of the Ashland project.


Rating: 3


Tite: AFN Options: AFN Staffing Recommendation
Author: Ashland, City of
Date: 20051129
Topic(s): Ashland (AFN)
Publisher: City of Ashland (Reports). Retrieved 21 December 2011. (AFN 2005 Staff Memo.pdf)

Visit the OHIvey study of the Ashland project.


Rating: 3


Tite: AFN Rates
Author: Ashland, City of
Date: 20030218
Topic(s): Ashland (AFN)
Publisher: City of Ashland (Reports). Viewed 21 December 2011

Visit the OHIvey study of the Ashland project.


Rating: 3


Tite: AFN Rates
Author: Ashland, City of
Date: 20040406
Topic(s): Ashland (AFN)
Publisher: City of Ashland (Reports). Viewed 21 December 2011

Visit the OHIvey study of the Ashland project.


Rating: 3


Tite: AFN Rates
Author: Ashland, City of
Date: 20041221
Topic(s): Ashland (AFN)
Publisher: City of Ashland (Reports). Viewed 21 December 2011

Visit the OHIvey study of the Ashland project.


Rating: 3


Tite: AFN Rates
Author: Ashland, City of
Date: 20081104
Topic(s): Ashland (AFN)
Publisher: City of Ashland (Reports). Viewed 21 December 2011

Visit the OHIvey study of the Ashland project.


Rating: 3


Tite: AFN Rates: A Resolution for Adopting Internet Rates for the Ashland Fiber Network
Author: Ashland, City of
Date: 20081104
Topic(s): Ashland (AFN)
Publisher: City of Ashland (Reports). Retrieved 21 December 2011. (AFN 2008 Rate Resolution.pdf)

Visit the OHIvey study of the Ashland project.


Rating: 3


Tite: AFN Rates: AFN Wholesale and Retail Rate Increase
Author: Ashland, City of
Date: 20081104
Topic(s): Ashland (AFN)
Publisher: City of Ashland (Reports). Retrieved 21 December 2011. (AFN 2008 Rates.pdf)

Visit the OHIvey study of the Ashland project.


Rating: 3


Tite: AFN Reorganization
Author: Ashland, City of
Date: 20050503
Topic(s): Ashland (AFN)
Publisher: City of Ashland (Reports). Viewed 21 December 2011

Visit the OHIvey study of the Ashland project.


Rating: 3


Tite: AFN Reorganization
Author: Ashland, City of
Date: 20050503
Topic(s): Ashland (AFN)
Publisher: City of Ashland (Reports). Retrieved 21 December 2011, (AFN 2005 Reorganization Attachments.pdf)

Visit the OHIvey study of the Ashland project.


Rating: 3


Tite: AFN Retailer (ISP) Agreement
Author: Ashland, City of
Date: 20070619
Topic(s): Ashland (AFN)
Publisher: City of Ashland (Reports). Viewed 21 December 2011

Visit the OHIvey study of the Ashland project.


Rating: 3


Tite: AFN Retailer (ISP) Agreement: Agreement
Author: Ashland, City of
Date: 20070619
Topic(s): Ashland (AFN)
Publisher: City of Ashland (Reports). Viewed 21 December 2011

Visit the OHIvey study of the Ashland project.


Rating: 3


Tite: AFN Sales Training #1: Follow-Up Report
Author: Ashland, City of
Date: 20050203
Topic(s): 00 - Unassigned
Publisher: City of Ashland (00 - Unassigned). (AFN 2005 Sales Training Follow-Up.pdf)

Rating: 0


Tite: AFN Update
Author: Ashland, City of
Date: 20040203
Topic(s): Ashland (AFN)
Publisher: City of Ashland (Reports). Viewed 21 December 2011

Visit the OHIvey study of the Ashland project.


Rating: 3


Tite: Akamai: U.S. 33rd Fastest Broadband Country: Behind Slovakia in Terms of Percentage of Connections Above 2Mbps..."
Author: Bode, Karl
Date: 20090709
Topic(s): 00 - Unassigned
Publisher: Broadband DSL Reports (00 - Unassigned). Viewed 18 January 2012.

Rating: 0


Tite: America’s Digital Schools 2008: The Six Trends to Watch
Author: Greaves, Thomas W. Hayes, Jeanne
Date: 20080101
Topic(s): 00 - Unassigned
Publisher: The Greaves Group; The Hayes Connection (00 - Unassigned). Introduction retrieved 9 October 2012. (2008 Digital Schools.pdf)

Rating: 0


Tite: An Action Plan for America: Using Technology and Innovation to Address our Nation’s Critical Challenges: A Report for the new Administration from the Benton Foundation
Author: Rintels, Jonathan
Date: 20080101
Topic(s): 00 - Unassigned
Publisher: Benton Foundation (00 - Unassigned). Retrieved 9 October 2012. (2008 Action Plan.pdf)

Rating: 0


Tite: An Engineering and Policy Analysis of Fiber Introduction into the Residential Subscriber Loop
Author: Ferrante, Frank E. Reed, David P. Sirbu, Marvin
Date: 19891101
Topic(s): 00 - Unassigned
Publisher: Journal of Lightwave Technology (00 - Unassigned). Vol. 7 No. 11; November 1989, pp. 1876-1884. Retrieved 4 January 2012. (1989 Residential Subscriber Loop Fiber.pdf)

Abstract – This paper presents an engineering cost model which provides a framework for evaluating alternative network architectures for providing fiber to the home. The analysis employs this model to construct estimates of the average cost per subscriber of several network alternatives which have been proposed in the literature. Our results identify two possible network architectures, the active double star and passive double star, as particularly attractive alternatives. Sensitivity analyses provide detail on the critical contributors to overall costs. The paper concludes with a discussion of several policy issues raised by the analysis, including issues of the proper allocation of risk from fiber-to-the-home investments.


Rating: 0


Tite: Annual Report of the Directors of American Telephone & Telegraph Company to the Stockholders for the Year Ending December 31, 1908
Author: AT&T Vail, Theodore N.
Date: 19090316
Topic(s): History
Publisher: AT&T: Geo. H. Ellis Co., Printers; Boston (Reports). Retrieved 17 February 2012. (1909 ATT Annual Report.pdf)

In this classic Vail stockholder's report AT&T defends monopoly positions ("There is now a decided tendancy on the part of the public to favor consolidation wherever there are two exchanges. A great difficulty in the way is that, as a rule, much of the duplication of plant cannot be utilized for many years, if ever.") and describes network effects ("A telepohne - without a connection at the other end of the line - is not even a toy or a scientific isntrument. It is one of the most useless things in the world. Its value depends on the connection with other telephone - and increases with the number of connections.").
Rating: 3


Tite: Ashland Fiber Network Business Plan Update
Author: Ashland, City of
Date: 20090303
Topic(s): Ashland (AFN)
Publisher: City of Ashland (Reports). Viewed 21 December 2011

Visit the OHIvey study of the Ashland project.


Rating: 3


Tite: Ashland Fiber Network Business Plan Update: Ashland Fiber Network 5 Year Business Plan Update
Author: Ashland, City of
Date: 20090303
Topic(s): Ashland (AFN)
Publisher: City of Ashland (Reports). Retrieved 21 December 2011. (AFN 2009 Business Plan Cover Letter.pdf)

Visit the OHIvey study of the Ashland project.


Rating: 3


Tite: Ashland Fiber Network Business Plan Update: The Ashland Fiber Network: Five Year Business Plan: Updated
Author: Ashland, City of
Date: 20090303
Topic(s): Ashland (AFN)
Publisher: City of Ashland (Reports). Retrieved 21 December 2011. (AFN 2009 Business Plan.pdf)

Visit the OHIvey study of the Ashland project.


Rating: 3


Tite: Ashland Fiber Network Director Resigns
Author: Aldous, Vickie
Date: 20110602
Topic(s): Ashland (AFN)
Publisher: Ashland Daily Tidings (Newspaper Article). Viewed 21 December 2011

Visit the OHIvey study of the Ashland project.

Provides some updates to Aldous’ 4 August 2010 article.


Rating: 0


Tite: Ashland Fiber Network Five Year Business Plan
Author: Ashland, City of
Date: 20070206
Topic(s): Ashland (AFN)
Publisher: City of Ashland (Reports). Viewed 21 December 2011

Visit the OHIvey study of the Ashland project.


Rating: 3


Tite: Ashland Fiber Network Strategic Business Plan
Author: Ashland, City of
Date: 20100719
Topic(s): Ashland (AFN)
Publisher: City of Ashland (Reports). Viewed 21 December 2011

Visit the OHIvey study of the Ashland project.


Rating: 3


Tite: Ashland Fiber Network strategic Business Plan: Ashland Fiber Network: Proposed 2010-2013 Strategic Business Plan
Author: Ashland, City of
Date: 20100719
Topic(s): Ashland (AFN)
Publisher: City of Ashland (Reports). Retrieved 21 December 2011. (AFN 2010 Proposed Business Plan.pdf)

Visit the OHIvey study of the Ashland project.


Rating: 3


Tite: Ashland Fiber Network Strategic Business Plan: Preparation for Approval of the AFN Strategic Business Plan
Author: Ashland, City of
Date: 20100719
Topic(s): Ashland (AFN)
Publisher: City of Ashland (Reports). Retrieved 21 December 2011. (AFN 2010 Proposed Business Plan Cover.pdf)

Visit the OHIvey study of the Ashland project.


Rating: 3


Tite: Ashland Fiber Network: Advisory Committee Final Report
Author: Ashland, City of
Date: 20011120
Topic(s): Ashland (AFN) Municipal Fiber Network Performance
Publisher: City of Ashland (Reports). Retrieved 21 December 2011. (AFN 2001 Advisory Committee.pdf)

Visit the OHIvey study of the Ashland project.

At the 2001 Budget Committee presentation, it became clear that AFN was not achieving the goals identified in the Business Plan. Revenues were not meeting projections and capital exceeded the plan as originally financed. In addition, the build out also was taking longer than anticipated and there were some management problems. At the request of the Mayor and City Council, staff selected an advisory committee to help review and revise the business plan for AFN, develop a reporting format to help keep the Council updated on AFN's status, and to evaluate possible ways to improve the performance of AFN. The committee consisted of Budget/Audit Committee member Marty Levine, Budget/Programming Committee member Russ Silbiger, Audit Committee member Emile Amarotico, AFN Strategic Planning Committee member Jim Teece, Mayor Alan DeBoer, and City Staff Greg Scoles, Lee Tuneberg, Dick Wanderscheid, Mike Ainsworth and Richard Holbo.


Rating: 3


Tite: Assuring Scarcity
Author: Frankston, Bob
Date: 20060131
Topic(s): 00 - Unassigned
Publisher: (00 - Unassigned). Viewed 18 December 2011.

Rating: 0


Tite: AT&T Claims Content Companies WANT a Troll Toll: They Also Want Giant Boot in the Face, Shingles, Poison Ivy
Author: Bode, Karl
Date: 20120604
Topic(s): 00 - Unassigned
Publisher: Broadband DSL Reports (00 - Unassigned). Viewed 14 June 2012.

Rating: 0


Tite: AT&T's Stankey: U-Verse Build Virtually Over
Author: Burstein, Dave
Date: 20110518
Topic(s): 00 - Unassigned
Publisher: Broadband DSL Reports (00 - Unassigned). Viewed 4 August 2012.
Some quotes: “AT&T is scheduled to reach 30 million U-verse homes passed by the end of the year with their U-Verse service, or roughly 55-60% of their homes. They will virtually stop there…” “I’m guessing that what’s going on is that AT&T decided they had no choice but to raise capex on wireless, accelerating LTE build to prevent falling too far behind Verizon. Expanding U-verse to 75-85% is almost surely profitable after cost of capital, which to a purely theoretical economist would suggest they would just borrow modestly and do both. “Wall Street perceptions make that virtually impossible, however. It’s irrational to underlying value, but stocks get clobbered for raising capex…. For the last few years, they’ve emphasized short term cash flow…, leading to irrationally low investment in networks.”
Rating: 0


Tite: AT&T: The U-Verse Build is Over: Like FiOS, If You Didn't Get It Already, You Probably Won't
Author: Bode, Karl
Date: 20120209
Topic(s): 00 - Unassigned
Publisher: Broadband DSL Reports (00 - Unassigned). Viewed 12 October 2012.

Rating: 0


Tite: ATT's Plight is our Plight
Author: Frankston, Bob
Date: 20110722
Topic(s): 00 - Unassigned
Publisher: (00 - Unassigned). Retrieved 18 December 2011. (2011 ATT Plight.pdf)

Rating: 0


Tite: Bandwidth Boost
Author: Sturgeon, Jeff
Date: 20110130
Topic(s): 00 - Unassigned
Publisher: The Roanoke Times (00 - Unassigned). Viewed 13 January 2012.

Rating: 0


Tite: Bell Tolls for Wholesale-Only Muni Fiber
Author: Gubbins, Ed
Date: 20080519
Topic(s): 00 - Unassigned
Publisher: Connected Planet (00 - Unassigned). Viewed 19 May 2008

Rating: 0


Tite: Benefits Beyond the Balance Sheet: Quantifying the Business Case for Fiber-to-the-Premises in Seattle
Author: Columbia Telecommunications Corporation
Date: 20090901
Topic(s): 00 - Unassigned
Publisher: Columbia Telecommunications Corporation (00 - Unassigned). Retrieved 4 January 2012. (SEA 2009 Benefits.pdf)

Rating: 0


Tite: Breaking the Broadband Monopoly: How Communities are Building the Networks They Need
Author: Mitchell, Christopher
Date: 20100501
Topic(s): 00 - Unassigned
Publisher: The New Rules Project (00 - Unassigned). Retrieved 12 September 2011. (2010 Breaking the Broadband Monopoly.pdf)

Rating: 0


Tite: Brief Engineering Assessment:
Author: Columbia Telecommunications Corporation
Date: 20090901
Topic(s): Economics FTTH: Cost
Publisher: Columbia Telecommunications Corporation, 10613 Concord Street, Kensington, Maryland. (White Paper). Retrieved 29 July 2013. (2009 Costs for Anchor Institutions.pdf).

Rating: 0


Tite: Broadband Adoption in 2012: Little Movement Since '09 & Stakeholders can do more to Spur Adoption
Author: Horrigan, John
Date: 20120320
Topic(s): Adoption
Publisher: TechNet (00 - Unassigned). (2012 Broadband Adoption.pdf)

Rating: 0


Tite: Broadband and Economic Development: A Municipal Case Study from Florida
Author: Ford, George S. Koutsky, Thomas M.
Date: 20050401
Topic(s): Economic Development
Publisher: Applied Economic Studies (00 - Unassigned). Retrieved 12 September 2011. (2005 Broadband and Economic Dvelopment.pdf)

Rating: 0


Tite: Broadband and Technology: Four Steps to Ensure Economic Growth
Author: Carrion, Fabiola
Date: 20110106
Topic(s): 00 - Unassigned
Publisher: PSN: The Stateside Dispatch (00 - Unassigned). Retrieved 29 December 2011. (2011 Four Steps.pdf)

Rating: 0


Tite: Broadband as an Economic Driver
Author: Salway, David
Date: 20120501
Topic(s): Economic Development
Publisher: About.Com (00 - Unassigned). Viewed 4 August 2012

Rating: 0


Tite: Broadband at the Speed of Light: How Three Communities Built Next-Generation Networks
Author: Mitchell, Christopher
Date: 20120401
Topic(s): 00 - Unassigned
Publisher: Institute for Local Self-Reliance (00 - Unassigned). Retrieved 15 April 2012. (2012 Three Communities.pdf)

Rating: 0


Tite: Broadband Bailout? Part Five
Author: Hudson, Bill
Date: 20100907
Topic(s): 00 - Unassigned
Publisher: Pagosa Daily Post (00 - Unassigned). Viewed 13 February 2011

Rating: 0


Tite: Broadband Bailout? Part Four
Author: Hudson, Bill
Date: 20100903
Topic(s): 00 - Unassigned
Publisher: Pagosa Daily Post (00 - Unassigned). Viewed 13 February 2011

Rating: 0


Tite: Broadband Bailout? Part One
Author: Hudson, Bill
Date: 20100831
Topic(s): 00 - Unassigned
Publisher: Pagosa Daily Post (00 - Unassigned). Viewed 13 February.

Rating: 0


Tite: Broadband Bailout? Part Six
Author: Hudson, Bill
Date: 20100807
Topic(s): 00 - Unassigned
Publisher: Pagosa Daily Post (00 - Unassigned). Viewed 13 February 2011.

Rating: 0


Tite: Broadband Bailout? Part Three
Author: Hudson, Bill
Date: 20100902
Topic(s): 00 - Unassigned
Publisher: Pagosa Daily Post (00 - Unassigned). Viewed 13 February 2011

Rating: 0


Tite: Broadband Bailout? Part Two
Author: Hudson, Bill
Date: 20100901
Topic(s): 00 - Unassigned
Publisher: Pagosa Daily Post (00 - Unassigned). Viewed 13 February.

Rating: 0


Tite: Broadband Company's Demise puts Taxpayers on Hook for $74 Million Loan
Author: Kang, Cecilia
Date: 20111026
Topic(s): 00 - Unassigned
Publisher: The Washington Post (00 - Unassigned). Viewed 24 January 2012.

Rating: 0


Tite: Broadband Fiber-to-the-Home Technologies, Strategies and Deployment Plan in Open Service Provider Networks: Project UTOPIA
Author: Fishburn, Jeff
Date: 20060101
Topic(s): 00 - Unassigned
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons (00 - Unassigned). (2006 Broadband Fiber to the Home Technologies (Fishburn).doc)

Rating: 5


Tite: Broadband for America: The Third Way
Author: Cohill, Andrew Michael
Date: 20100101
Topic(s): 00 - Unassigned
Publisher: (00 - Unassigned). Retrieved 12 September 2011. (2010 Broadband for America.pdf)

Rating: 5


Tite: Broadband Funding in Stimulus Plan Sparks Debate
Author: Tessler, Joelle
Date: 20090206
Topic(s): 00 - Unassigned
Publisher: USA Today (00 - Unassigned). Viewed 16 August 2012.

Rating: 0


Tite: Broadband Growth and Policies in OECD Countries
Author: Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and Development
Date: 20080601
Topic(s): 00 - Unassigned
Publisher: OECD Ministerial Meeting on the Future of the Internet Economy (00 - Unassigned). Retrieved 28 October 2011. (2006 Broadband Growth.pdf)

Rating: 0


Tite: Broadband in America - 2nd Edition: Where It Is and Where It is Going (According to Broadband Service Providers)
Author: Atkinson, Robert C. Korte, Travis Krompinger, Timothy Schultz, Ivy E.
Date: 20110501
Topic(s): Braodband in America
Publisher: Columbia Institute for Tele-Information: New York (Reports). Retrieved 11 October 2012. (2011 Broadband in America.pdf)

This is the second edition of “Broadband in America: Where It is and Where It Is Going”. It is an update and expansion on the original report that was submitted to the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) in November 2009 as part of the FCC’s development of a National Broadband Plan (NBP).

The first three sections of this second edition are general updates of the factual data submitted to the FCC approximately in late 2009. The fourth section is entirely new: it comprises analysis and commentary by a few leading broadband experts who provide their insights into some of the issues associated with Broadband in America.


Rating: 4


Tite: Broadband in America Appendices
Author: Atkinson, Robert C. Schultz, Ivy E.
Date: 20091111
Topic(s): Braodband in America
Publisher: Columbia Institute for Tele-Information: New York (Reports). Retrieved 23 November 2012. (2009 Broadband in America Appendices.pdf)

Appendices to the 2009 Broadband in America report.


Rating: 4


Tite: Broadband in America: Where It Is and Where It Is Going (According to Broadband Service Providers)
Author: Atkinson, Robert C. Schultz, Ivy E.
Date: 20091111
Topic(s): Braodband in America
Publisher: Columbia Institute for Tele-Information: New York (Reports). Retrieved 23 November 2012. (2009 Broadband in America.pdf)

The research for this project focused on three specific areas as requested by the FCC, each of which is addressed as a section in this report:

Listing of All Publicly Announced Broadband Plans, sorted both (1) by company and (2) by technology (e.g. DSL, cable, fiber (FTTx), fixed wireless, wireless, satellite), with a description of relevant details, such as (1) general details of the plan, including company, technology, and timeline, (2) expected capital outlays and operating expenditures, (3) expected deployment/coverage footprint, (4) expected broadband performance and quality, and (5) expected ARPUs (Average Revenue Per User).

Comparison of All Publicly Announced Broadband Plans, based upon the Listing of All Publicly Available Broadband Plans, a comparison of what was projected at the time that a broadband plan was announced to what has resulted to date for each of the publicly announced broadband plans across the identified variables. This looks backwards at what was announced at the time the plan was established and then compares the announcement with the outcomes of completed plans and the current status for those plans still in progress.

Future Projection: An analysis of where the publicly announced broadband plans which are yet to be commenced or still in progress will be in 3‐5 years, including LTE, WiMAX, DOCSIS 3.0, backbone, etc. This should include a summary of analyst projections and a “lessons learned” component.


Rating: 4


Tite: Broadband in Urbana
Author: DeJarnett, William
Date: 20120924
Topic(s): Champagne-Urbana Economics Municipal Projects
Publisher: City of Urbana (Reports). (CU 2012 Urbana Broadband Presentation.pdf)

Rating: 3


Tite: Broadband Infrastructure and Economic Growth
Author: Czernich, Nina Falck, Oliver Kretschmer, Tobias Woessman, Ludger
Date: 20091201
Topic(s): 00 - Unassigned
Publisher: CESIFO Working Paper (00 - Unassigned). Retrieved 16 August 2012. (2009 Economic Growth.pdf)

Rating: 0


Tite: Broadband Loan and Grant Programs in the USDA's Rural Utilities Service
Author: Kruger, Lennard G.
Date: 20120713
Topic(s): Rural Broadband RUS
Publisher: Congressional Research Service (Audit Report). Retrieved 21 November 2012 from http://www.nationalaglawcenter.org/assets/crs/RL33816.pdf. (2012 CRS RUS.pdf)

Congressional Research Service study of the Farm Bill Rural Broadband program.


Rating: 3


Tite: Broadband Open Access: Lessons from Municipal Network Case Studies
Author: Gillett, Sharon E. Lehr, William Sirbu, Marvin
Date: 20040101
Topic(s): 00 - Unassigned
Publisher: Proceedings of the TPRC Conference (00 - Unassigned). Retrieved 4 January 2012. (2004 Broadband Open Access.pdf)

Rating: 0


Tite: Broadband Optical Access Networks and Fiber-to-the-Home: Systems Technologies and Deployment Strategies
Author: Lin, Chinlon
Date: 20060101
Topic(s): 00 - Unassigned
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons; Chichester, UK (Book).

Rating: 0


Tite: Broadband Reality Check II
Author: Turner, S. Derek
Date: 20060801
Topic(s): 00 - Unassigned
Publisher: Free Press (00 - Unassigned). Retrieved 12 September 2011. (2006 Broadband Reality Check2.pdf)

Rating: 0


Tite: Broadband Services: Business Models and Technologies for Community Networks
Author: Chlamtac, Imrich Gumaste, Ashwin Szabo, Csaba A.
Date: 20050411
Topic(s): 00 - Unassigned
Publisher: Wiley (Book).

Access to the Internet is an increasing problem in many areas of the world. As the popularity and usefulness of the Internet increases on a daily basis, lack of access to the technology is putting many groups at a disadvantage in terms of better education, better jobs and even in terms of higher levels of civic participation. However, creating a network infrastructure to serve outlying communities and sectors of the population is not straight-forward.

This book brings together all the aspects of the problem – technical, regulatory and economic - into one volume to provide a comprehensive resource. It describes the latest technological advances that allow cost-effective network infrastructures to be built, and places them in the context of the applications and services that the infrastructure will deliver. A section on business models and case studies from North American and Europe demonstrate that the solutions are economically and practically viable.

This book is essential for anyone looking to gain an understanding of the issues and technology surrounding the access debate. It will be of particular relevance to network engineers/designers/planners at the incumbent operator companies charged with delivering broadband access to as yet unconnected regions. Governments and regulatory bodies will also find this a useful guide to the problems that they may face.


Rating: 0


Tite: Broadband Strategic Planning Briefing Book for Workgroup Appointees: Section 1: Introduction to Broadband
Author: NetCity Inc. and IBI Group
Date: 20110101
Topic(s): Portland
Publisher: (00 - Unassigned). Retrieved 28 September 2011. (PDX 2011 Broadband Strategic Planning Briefing Book 01 - Introduction.pdf)

Rating: 0


Tite: Broadband Strategic Planning Briefing Book for Workgroup Appointees: Section 2: Economic Development/Business Vitality
Author: NetCity Inc. and IBI Group
Date: 20110101
Topic(s): Portland
Publisher: (00 - Unassigned). Retrieved 29 December 2011. (PDX 2011 Broadband Briefing Book 02 – Economic Development.pdf)

Rating: 0


Tite: Broadband Strategic Planning Briefing Book for Workgroup Appointees: Section 2: Education and Health
Author: NetCity Inc. and IBI Group
Date: 20110101
Topic(s): Portland
Publisher: (00 - Unassigned). Retrieved 29 December 2011. (PDX 2011 Broadband Briefing Book 02 – Eduction.pdf)

Rating: 0


Tite: Broadband Strategic Planning Briefing Book for Workgroup Appointees: Section 3: Digital Inclusion and Civic Engagement
Author: NetCity Inc. and IBI Group
Date: 20110101
Topic(s): Portland
Publisher: (00 - Unassigned). Retrieved 29 December 2011. (PDX 2011 Broadband Briefing Book 03 – Digital Inclusion.pdf)

Rating: 0


Tite: Broadband Strategic Planning Briefing Book for Workgroup Appointees: Section 4: Planning/Sustainability and Transportation
Author: NetCity Inc. and IBI Group
Date: 20110101
Topic(s): Portland
Publisher: (00 - Unassigned). Retrieved 29 December 2011. (PDX 2011 Broadband Briefing Book 04 – Transportation.pdf)

Rating: 0


Tite: Broadband Strategic Planning Briefing Book for Workgroup Appointees: Section 5: Public Safety and Emergency Response
Author: NetCity Inc. and IBI Group
Date: 20110101
Topic(s): Portland
Publisher: (00 - Unassigned). Retrieved 29 December 2011. (PDX 2011 Broadband Briefing Book 05 – Public Safety.pdf)

Rating: 0


Tite: Broadband Strategies Handbook
Author: Telecommunications Management Group, Inc.
Date: 20110101
Topic(s): 00 - Unassigned
Publisher: The International Bank for Reconstruction and Development/The World Bank; Washington DC (00 - Unassigned). Retrieved 1 March 2012. (2011 Broadband Strategies Handbook.pdf)

Rating: 0


Tite: Broadband vs. Internet
Author: Searls, Doc
Date: 20111209
Topic(s): 00 - Unassigned
Publisher: Doc Searls Weblog (00 - Unassigned). Viewed 18 December 2011

Rating: 0


Tite: Broadband's Positive Impact on Ranching & Agriculture in Wyoming
Author: ICF International LinkWYOMING
Date: 20130901
Topic(s): 00 - Unassigned
Publisher: LinkWYOMING (White Paper). Retrieved 6 November 2013. (2013 Ranching and Agriculture.pdf)

Rating: 0


Tite: Broadband: Aim for more than Local Government Agencies
Author: Durango Herald Op-Ed
Date: 20100212
Topic(s): 00 - Unassigned
Publisher: The Durango Herald (00 - Unassigned). Viewed 13 February 2012.

Rating: 0


Tite: Broadband: Need for more Bandwidth is Real
Author: Durango Herald Op-Ed
Date: 20100816
Topic(s): 00 - Unassigned
Publisher: The Durango Herald (Newspaper Article). Viewed 13 February 2012

Rating: 0


Tite: Broadband: The 21st Century Equivalent of Electricity
Author: Dampier, Phillip
Date: 20100317
Topic(s): 00 - Unassigned
Publisher: (00 - Unassigned). Viewed 6 August 2012.

Rating: 0


Tite: Burlington Muni-Fiber Sticks Tax Payers with Massive Debt
Author: Ou, George
Date: 20100311
Topic(s): 00 - Unassigned
Publisher: Digital Society (00 - Unassigned). Viewed 31 December 2011

Rating: 0


Tite: Burlington Telecom Case Study
Author: Mitchell, Christopher
Date: 20100401
Topic(s): 00 - Unassigned
Publisher: Institute for Local Self-Reliance (00 - Unassigned). Retrieved 12 September 2011. (BT 2010 Case Study.pdf)

Rating: 0


Tite: Burlington Telecom Fact Sheet
Author: Mitchell, Christopher
Date: 20080714
Topic(s): 00 - Unassigned
Publisher: Institute for Local Self-Reliance (00 - Unassigned). Retrieved 12 September 2011. (BT 2008 Fact Sheet.pdf)

Rating: 0


Tite: Captive Audience: The Telecom Industry and Monopoly Power in the New Gilded Age
Author: Crawford, Susan
Date: 20130108
Topic(s): Comcast Competition Monopoly Public Policy Regulation
Publisher: Yale University Press (Book). Bookshelf
Ten years ago, the United States stood at the forefront of the Internet revolution. With some of the fastest speeds and lowest prices in the world for high-speed Internet access, the nation was poised to be the global leader in the new knowledge-based economy. Today that global competitive advantage has all but vanished because of a series of government decisions and resulting monopolies that have allowed dozens of countries, including Japan and South Korea, to pass us in both speed and price of broadband. This steady slide backward not only deprives consumers of vital services needed in a competitive employment and business market—it also threatens the economic future of the nation.
Rating: 4


Tite: Carrier-Class Ethernet: A Services Definition
Author: Appian Communications
Date: 20010101
Topic(s): Carrier Class
Publisher: Appian Communications (White Paper). Retrieved 19 May 2012. (2001 Carrier Class.pdf)

Helps with the definition of carrier-class - which is really just a made up concept defined by whatever vendor you are talking with (in this case, Appian Communications who closed shop in 2004).

To see this article go to http://www.idc-online.com/technical_references/pdfs/data_communications/Career_class_Ethernet.pdf
Rating: 2


Tite: Carrier-Grade: Five Nines, the Myth and the Reality
Author: Greene, Wedge Lancaster, Barbara
Date: 20070318
Topic(s): 00 - Unassigned
Publisher: LTC International (00 - Unassigned). published in Pipeline Magazine in April 2007. Retrieved 19 May 2012. (2007 Carrier Grade.pdf)

Rating: 0


Tite: Carriers of Last Resort: Updating a Traditional Doctrine
Author: Bernt, Phyllis Bluhm, Peter
Date: 20090701
Topic(s): 00 - Unassigned
Publisher: National Regulatory Research Institute (00 - Unassigned). Retrieved 2 February 2012. (2009 COLR.pdf)

Rating: 0


Tite: Certification of Budget
Author: UTOPIA
Date: 20040814
Topic(s): UTOPIA
Publisher: UTOPIA (00 - Unassigned). (UTOPIA 2005 Budget.pdf)

Rating: 0


Tite: Certification of Budget
Author: UTOPIA
Date: 20050728
Topic(s): UTOPIA
Publisher: UTOPIA (00 - Unassigned). (UTOPIA 2006 Budget.pdf)

Rating: 0


Tite: Certification of Budget
Author: UTOPIA
Date: 20090630
Topic(s): UTOPIA
Publisher: UTOPIA (00 - Unassigned). (UTOPIA 2009 Budget.pdf)

Rating: 0


Tite: Certification of Budget
Author: UTOPIA
Date: 20090629
Topic(s): UTOPIA
Publisher: UTOPIA (00 - Unassigned). (UTOPIA 2010 Budget.pdf)

Rating: 0


Tite: Certification of Budget
Author: UTOPIA
Date: 20100628
Topic(s): UTOPIA
Publisher: UTOPIA (00 - Unassigned). (UTOPIA 2011 Budget.pdf)

Rating: 0


Tite: Certification of Budget
Author: UTOPIA
Date: 20110620
Topic(s): UTOPIA
Publisher: UTOPIA (00 - Unassigned). (UTOPIA 2012 Budget.pdf)

Rating: 0


Tite: Certification of Creation
Author: UTOPIA
Date: 20100707
Topic(s): UTOPIA
Publisher: State of Utah (00 - Unassigned). (UTOPIA 2010 UIA Certificate of Creation.pdf)

Rating: 0


Tite: Charles Ferguson and the “Broadband Problem”
Author: Crandall, Robert W.
Date: 20040501
Topic(s): 00 - Unassigned
Publisher: AEI-Brookings Joint Center for Regulatory Studies (00 - Unassigned). Retrieved 12 September 2011. (2004 Ferguson Response.pdf)

Mr. Crandall writes a response to Ferguson’s Broadband Problem in which Crandall suggests regulation is not the answer to solve the broadband problem.


Rating: 0


Tite: Charter, Knology Expected to have Representation at Opelika Public Hearing
Author: Prater, Donathan
Date: 20100731
Topic(s): 00 - Unassigned
Publisher: Media General Communications Holdings; oanow.com (00 - Unassigned). Viewed 30 December 2011.

Rating: 0


Tite: Chelan County PUD Networks: Seattle Task Force on Broadband and Telecommunications
Author: Smith, John
Date: 20041208
Topic(s): 00 - Unassigned
Publisher: Chelan County Networks (00 - Unassigned). Retrieved 4 January 2012. (SEA 2004 Chelan County PUD.ppt)

Rating: 0


Tite: Choosing the Right FTTx Architecture
Author: Zhone
Date: 20080101
Topic(s): 00 - Unassigned
Publisher: Zhone Technologies, Inc.; Oakland, CA (00 - Unassigned). Retrieved 12 September 2011. (2008 Architecture.pdf)

Rating: 0


Tite: Cities: UTOPIA Hurts, but Sales Tax Drop Hurts More
Author: Drake, Katie
Date: 20110515
Topic(s): 00 - Unassigned
Publisher: Salt Lake Tribune (00 - Unassigned). Viewed 24 October 2011.

Rating: 0


Tite: City Department Head Search: Who Wants to Run AFN
Author: Aldous, Vickie
Date: 20100123
Topic(s): Ashland (AFN)
Publisher: Ashland Daily Tidings (Newspaper Article). Viewed 24 October 2011

Visit the OHIvey study of the Ashland project.

A news article stating who the potential candidates were for the Ashland Information Technology Director position in January of 2010. The article provides some financial and performance data pertaining to the Ashland Fiber Network.


Rating: 0


Tite: City of Seattle 2004 Information Technology Residential Survey Executive Summary
Author: Seattle, City
Date: 20040101
Topic(s): 00 - Unassigned
Publisher: (00 - Unassigned). Retrieved 4 January 2012. (SEA 2004 Residential Survey.doc)

Rating: 0


Tite: City to Purchase $6.5 Million Powellink Bond
Author: Powell Tribune Staff
Date: 20100617
Topic(s): Economics Municipal Fiber Network Performance Municipal Projects Powell WY
Publisher: Powell Tribune (Newspaper Article). Viewed 1 January 2013.

The Powell project is held up as a success but a careful reading of this article reveals some significant struggles.

  • Two years into production services with an exclusive provider and the project is sitting at an 18% take rate (the article claims 20% to 25% but there are about 2,500 addresses in Powell and there are 450 subscribers - that makes 18%).
  • The town is purporting that by borrowing $6.5 million from their enterprise reserve funds to pay the bond they will get a better return - but it will take more than 40 years just to recoup capital.
  • Wholesale net revenues are at $11,404 per month. Reasonable operations costs are about half of that.

Rating: 3


Tite: City Treasurer, Auditor on Alameda Power & Telecom Telecom Sale
Author: Kearney, Kevin Kennedy, Kevin
Date: 20081121
Topic(s): 00 - Unassigned
Publisher: Action Alameda News (00 - Unassigned). Viewed 24 October 2011.

Rating: 0


Tite: City Views 8/30/12: UTOPIA/Deana Martin Headlines SLC Jazz Fest
Author: City Views
Date: 20120829
Topic(s): UTOPIA
Publisher: KCPW City Views (00 - Unassigned). Viewed 5 September 2012.

Rating: 0


Tite: Closing the Chasm… Introducing New Products/Services into the Marketplace by Integrating Diffusion of Innovations with Product Life Cycle
Author: Manross, G. Gary Rogers, Everett M.
Date: 20020101
Topic(s): 00 - Unassigned
Publisher: Strategic Research Institute (00 - Unassigned).

Rating: 0


Tite: Colorado Public Utilities Commission Incumbent Local Exchange Carrier 2007 Statistical Report
Author: Colorado Public Utilities Commission
Date: 2009
Topic(s): Colorado
Publisher: Colorado Public Utilities Commission (Reports). Retrieved 8 February 2013. (2007 Colorado PUC ILEC Statistical Report.pdf)

Rating: 0


Tite: Comments for the Definition of an Open Access Architecture
Author: Sims, Patrick J.
Date: 20090101
Topic(s): 00 - Unassigned
Publisher: Broadband Wizards for Broadband Technologies Opportunity Program (BTOP) (00 - Unassigned). Retrieved 13 January 2012. (2006 Open Access Definition.pdf)

Rating: 0


Tite: Communications Policy and the Public Interest: The Telecommunications Act of 1996
Author: Aufderheide, Patricia
Date: 19990115
Topic(s): Public Policy Regulation
Publisher: The Guilford Press: New York (Book). Bookshelf

"This book offers a substantial and thorough guide to the communications legislation that defines our new media world. In clear and concise language, Aufderheide brings us up to speed on what the law is today and what important and vital problems remain. Her book ought to be required reading for everyone who is struggling to make sense of the current situation, from 'inside the beltway' policy makers to average citizens. Simply one of the most important books ever published on communications law and policy." --Douglas Gomery, Professor, College of Journalism, University of Maryland, Columnist, AMERICAN JOURNALISM REVIEW, "The Economics of Television"

"This book achieves the impossible--making legislative history readable. Drawing upon her 'parallel life' as one of the nation's leading pop culture critics, Aufderheide turns the story of the 1996 Telecommunications Act into a book that is actually fun to read." --Andrew Jay Schwartzman, President, Media Access Project, Washington, DC

"Patricia Aufderheide has produced a terrifically useful volume on the Telecommunications Act of 1996. The volume reprints the Act itself as well as several pointed commentaries on telecommunications policy and the public interest. Best of all is Aufderheide's overview of the Act and the politics of its passage. She situates the Act in its various contexts--technological, regulatory, political, economic, legal--and incisively examines the politics of the Act's passage. This is an outstanding volume for teaching purposes." --Robert B. Horwitz, PhD, Associate Professor, Department of Communication, University of California, San Diego

"Patricia Aufderheide puts a human face on a daunting, technologically complex piece of legislation. Deep within the mystifying jargon of the telecommunications industry, the author finds those interstices where the public interest still exists and needs nurturing. A compelling story is told which places recent legislative developments in their historical and regulatory context. For libraries that serve law students and graduate students the book will be a useful navigational and reference device." --Monroe Price, Law Professor, Benjamin N. Cardozo School of Law, New York, Co-Director of the Programme in Comparative Media Law and Policy, Oxford University


Rating: 3


Tite: Community-Owned Conduit
Author: Cohill, Andrew Michael
Date: 20120201
Topic(s): 00 - Unassigned
Publisher: (00 - Unassigned). Viewed 1 February 2012.

Rating: 0


Tite: Competition and Chaos: US Telecommunications Since the 1996 Telecom Act
Author: Crandall, Robert W.
Date: 20070607
Topic(s): 00 - Unassigned
Publisher: Edward Elgar Pub (Book). Bookshelf

"Utility Regulation in Competitive Markets" is the latest book in the annual series published in association with the Institute of Economic Affairs and the London Business School, which critically reviews the state of utility regulation and competition policy. This significant new volume contains incisive chapters on a number of prominent concerns, including changes in the British system of utility regulation, the spectrum allocation question, liberalization of EU energy markets, security of supply issues, reform in the European postal sector, the future of rail regulation, the cost of capital and Ofcom's strategic approach to regulation. Chapters on each topic are followed by comments from regulators, competition authority chairmen and other experts in the relevant fields. By confronting the most important international developments in utility regulation, the authors offer practical policy recommendations for an effective way forward. This book will be of great value to practitioners, policymakers and academics alike who are concerned with regulation, deregulation and policies to promote competition.


Rating: 0


Tite: Competition in the Home: A Technology and Policy Assessment
Author: Tseng, Emy
Date: 20010801
Topic(s): 00 - Unassigned
Publisher: Massachusetts Institute of Technology (00 - Unassigned). Retrieved 18 January 2012. (2001 Competition in the Home.pdf)

Rating: 0


Tite: Computer Wars: The Fall of IBM and the Future of Global Technology
Author: Ferguson, Charles H. Morris, Charles H.
Date: 19931221
Topic(s): 00 - Unassigned
Publisher: Times Books (Book). Bookshelf

Rating: 4


Tite: Connected Nation in Colorado: Rocky Path Ahead for Broadband Mapping
Author: Brodsky, Art
Date: 20091214
Topic(s): Colorado Rural Broadband
Publisher: Public Knowledge (Web Article). Viewed 8 February 2013.

Rating: 2


Tite: Connecting America: The National Broadband Plan
Author: Federal Communications Commission
Date: 20110101
Topic(s): 00 - Unassigned
Publisher: FCC (00 - Unassigned). Retrieved 12 September 2011. (2011 National Broadband Plan.pdf)

Rating: 0


Tite: Connecting the Public: The Truth About Municipal Broadband
Author: Feld, Harold
Date: 20050411
Topic(s): 00 - Unassigned
Publisher: Consumer Federation of America, Consumer Union, Media Access Project, and FreePress (00 - Unassigned). Retrieved 12 September 2011. (2005 Connecting the Public.pdf)

Rating: 0


Tite: Connecting to Our Future: Portland’s Broadband Strategic Plan
Author: Portland, City of
Date: 20110906
Topic(s): Portland
Publisher: (00 - Unassigned). Retrieved 12 September 2011. (PDX 2011 Strategic Plan.pdf)

Rating: 0


Tite: Contract to Lease the AFN Headend to Provide CATV Service
Author: Ashland, City of
Date: 20060919
Topic(s): Ashland (AFN)
Publisher: City of Ashland (Reports). Viewed 21 December 2011

Visit the OHIvey study of the Ashland project.


Rating: 3


Tite: Contract to Lease the AFN Headend to Provide CATV: Attachments
Author: Ashland, City of
Date: 20060919
Topic(s): Ashland (AFN) Video
Publisher: City of Ashland (Reports). Retrieved 21 December 2011. (AFN 2006 Cable TV Attachments.pdf)

Visit the OHIvey study of the Ashland project.


Rating: 3


Tite: Converged Broadband Networks: Public Policy Implications
Author: Sirbu, Marvin
Date: 20040101
Topic(s): 00 - Unassigned
Publisher: Carnegie Mellon; Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (00 - Unassigned). Retrieved 4 January 2012. (SEA 2004 Converged Broadband Networks.pdf)

Rating: 0


Tite: Craig Moffett: Network Upgrades are for Ninnies
Author: Bode, Karl
Date: 20080819
Topic(s): 00 - Unassigned
Publisher: DSLReports.com (00 - Unassigned). Viewed 4 August 2012.

Rating: 0


Tite: Curtis: Provo Residents Already Pay for iProvo Debt
Author: Meyers, Donald W.
Date: 20110817
Topic(s): 00 - Unassigned
Publisher: Salt Lake Tribune (Newspaper Article). Viewed 24 October 2011.

Rating: 0


Tite: Danville Transforms its Economy with Fiber
Author: Cohill, Andrew Michael
Date: 20110101
Topic(s): 00 - Unassigned
Publisher: Broadband Communities Magazine Online (00 - Unassigned). Viewed 13 January 2012.

Rating: 0


Tite: Death From Above
Author: Barlow, John Perry
Date: 19950301
Topic(s): Business Culture
Publisher: Communications of the ACM (Magazine Article). Viewed 18 December 2011.

Barlow comments on the number of WWII bomber pilots who became heads of companies and how that one-to-many distant and unconnected model became the status quo of telecommunications business culture.


Rating: 2


Tite: Deceptive Myths About Municipal Broadband: Disinformation about public onwership is impeding progress
Author: Baller, James
Date: 20050501
Topic(s): Criticism Municipal Projects
Publisher: Broadband Communities (Magazine Article). Retrieved 26 November 2012. (2005 Deceptive Myths.pdf)

In this article, we take a hard look at the ten most common myths that the telephone and cable companies tell about municipal broadband and show that these canards are no more valid today than they were a century ago.


Rating: 4


Tite: Defending the Internet Revolution in the Broadband Era
Author: Bar, Francois Cowhey, Peter DeLong, Brad Kleeman, Michael Zysman, John
Date: 19990801
Topic(s): Open Access Networks Public Policy Regulation
Publisher: BRIE E-conomy Working Paper (Scholarly Article or Paper). Retrieved 2 March 2012. (1999 Defending the Internet Revolution.docx)

Bar, et. al. argue that "America's stunning success in promoting the Internet revolution owes a major debt to determined regulatory action that encouraged all aspects of network and interconnection."
The go on to express concern that broadband network owners are now restricting the openness that once prevailed and in so doing are stunting innovation.


Rating: 4


Tite: Demand-Side Programs to Stimulate Adoption of Broadband: What Works?
Author: Hauge, Janice Alane
Date: 20091014
Topic(s): 00 - Unassigned
Publisher: Social Science Research Network (00 - Unassigned). Retrieved 24 January 2012. (2009 Demand-Side Programs.pdf)

Rating: 0


Tite: Denial of Service
Author: Losey, James
Date: 20100428
Topic(s): 00 - Unassigned
Publisher: Slate (00 - Unassigned). Viewed 4 August 2012.

Rating: 0


Tite: Design of Network Resource Federation towards Future Open Access Networking
Author: Hayashi, Michiaki Matsumoto, Nobutaka Nishimura, Kosuke Tanaka, Hideaki
Date: 20110101
Topic(s): 00 - Unassigned
Publisher: AICT 2011: The Seventh Advanced International Conference on Telecommunications; IARIA (00 - Unassigned). Retrieved 1 March 2012. (2011 Open Access Design.pdf)

Rating: 0


Tite: Developing a Generic Approach for FTTH Solutions using Life Cycle Analysis Methodology to Determine the Environmental Benefits of FTTH Deployments in the USA
Author: PricewaterhouseCoopers - Ecobilan
Date: 20081001
Topic(s): 00 - Unassigned
Publisher: PricewaterhouseCoopers – Ecobilan S.A. for the Fiber to the Home Council (00 - Unassigned). Retrieved 13 January 2012. (2008 Environmental Benefits.pdf)

Rating: 0


Tite: Diffusion of Innovations (3rd edition)
Author: Rogers, Everett M.
Date: 19830101
Topic(s): 00 - Unassigned
Publisher: The Free Press: New York (Book).

Rating: 0


Tite: Digital Crossroads: American Telecommunications Policy in the Internet Age
Author: Nuechterlein, Jonathan E. Weiser, Philip J.
Date: 20070126
Topic(s): 00 - Unassigned
Publisher: The MIT Press (Book). Bookshelf

Telecommunications policy profoundly affects the economy and our everyday lives. Yet accounts of important telecommunications issues tend to be either superficial (and inaccurate) or mired in jargon and technical esoterica. In Digital Crossroads, Jonathan Nuechterlein and Philip Weiser offer a clear, balanced, and accessible analysis of competition policy issues in the telecommunications industry. After giving a big picture overview of the field, they present sharply reasoned analyses of the major technological, economic, and legal developments confronting communications policymakers in the twenty-first century.Since the passage of the Telecommunications Act of 1996, when Congress fundamentally reoriented the existing regulatory scheme, no book has cogently explained the intricacies of telecommunications competition policy in the Internet age for general readers, students, and practitioners alike. Digital Crossroads meets this need, focusing on the regulatory dimensions of competition in wireline and wireless telephone service; competition among rival platforms for broadband Internet service and video distribution; and the Internet's transformation of every aspect of the telecommunications industry, particularly through the emergence of "voice over Internet protocol" (VoIP). The authors explain not just the complicated legal issues governing the industry, but also the rapidly changing technological and economic context in which these issues arise. The book includes extensive endnotes and tables that cover relevant court decisions, FCC orders, and academic commentaries; a glossary of acronyms; a statutory addendum containing the most important provisions of federal telecommunications law; and two appendixes with information on more specialized topics.


Rating: 5


Tite: Digital Differences: While Increased Internet Adoption and the Rise of Mobile Connectivity have Reduced Many Gaps in Technology Access Over the Past Decade, for Some Groups Digital Disparities Still Remain
Author: Smith, Aaron Zickuhr, Kathryn
Date: 20120101
Topic(s): 00 - Unassigned
Publisher: Pew Internet & American Life Project (00 - Unassigned). Retrieved 4 August 2012. (2012 Digital Differences.pdf)

Rating: 0


Tite: Digital Gap Between Rural and Urban, Black and White Persists, U.S. Census Shows
Author: Hanna-Jones, Nikole
Date: 20111109
Topic(s): 00 - Unassigned
Publisher: Oregonian (Newspaper Article). Viewed 29 December 2011.

Ms. Hanna-Jones summarizes the November 2011 US Census Bureau report “Exploring the Digital Nation – Computer and Internet Use at Home.” Hanna-Jones writes:

  • Eighty-one percent of Asian households and 72 percent of white households had broadband at home, compared with 57 percent of Hispanic households and 55 percent of black households.
  • Seventy percent of urban households had broadband at home but just 57 percent of rural households do.
  • Fewer than half of households with annual incomes below $25,000 had broadband access at home, compared to 93 percent of households with incomes exceeding $100,000.

Rating: 0


Tite: Director Says UTOPIA will be Broke within the Month
Author: Clark, Antone
Date: 20120901
Topic(s): UTOPIA
Publisher: Standard Examiner (00 - Unassigned). Viewed 5 September 2012.

Rating: 0


Tite: Does Broadband Really Lag Applications?
Author: Ou, George
Date: 20100216
Topic(s): 00 - Unassigned
Publisher: Digital Society (00 - Unassigned). Viewed 31 December 2011.

Mr. Ou shows how most applications (focusing on video because of its big bandwidth needs) limit their performance to something less than millions of Americans can access with current broadband products – suggesting that lack of bandwidth is not holding back application developers. However, his argument supports the idea that application developers need more scalability than big bandwidth networks offer today.


Rating: 0


Tite: E-Government & E-Democracy: Municipal Broadband
Author: Nash, Jeremy
Date: 20060117
Topic(s): Municipal Projects Open Access Networks
Publisher: (Reports). Retrieved 26 November 2011. (2006 Municipal Broadband.doc)

At the heart of the municipal broadband debate appears to be disagreement over the best solution to a market failure. There are competing definitions for “market failure” and suggestions for identifying one, but all sides agree that something is wrong. America has slipped to 16th in the world in per capita broadband deployment, and is falling behind fast in access to high-capacity broadband and the cost-per-unit of bandwidth capacity. In this essay I will describe some variations in defining and identifying a “market failure” in this context and discuss whether, when, and how a failure should cause a municipality to intervene. My conclusions is that, upon identification of a “market failure” a municipality should intervene only to the extent necessary to stop the gap between the needs of citizens and the incentives of the market. Further, based on existing experiments in municipal broadband, in no case should a municipality go so far as to be responsible for managing broadband service.


Rating: 2


Tite: EarthLink Pays Houston $5 Million Late Fee
Author: Johnson, Laurie
Date: 20070829
Topic(s): 00 - Unassigned
Publisher: KUHF FM News (00 - Unassigned). Viewed 24 October 2011.

Rating: 0


Tite: EarthLink to Remove Philadelphia Wi-Fi
Author: Lawson, Stephen
Date: 20080513
Topic(s): 00 - Unassigned
Publisher: PCWorld (00 - Unassigned). Viewed 24 October 2011.

Rating: 0


Tite: EarthLink’s Wi-Fi Delays put Project in Question
Author: Grant, Alexis Hayes, Jeanne
Date: 20070818
Topic(s): 00 - Unassigned
Publisher: Houston Chronicle (Newspaper Article). Viewed 24 October 2011.

Rating: 0


Tite: Economic Case for Voluntary Structural Separation
Author: Hubbard, R. Glenn Lehr, William
Date: 20031101
Topic(s): 00 - Unassigned
Publisher: (00 - Unassigned). Retrieved 18 January 2012. (2003 Structural Separation.pdf)

Rating: 0


Tite: Economic Development through Bandwidth
Author: Ford, George S.
Date: 20050101
Topic(s): Economic Development
Publisher: Applied Economic Studies (00 - Unassigned). Retrieved 12 September 2011. (2005 Economic Development through Bandwidth.pdf)

Rating: 0


Tite: Economic Effects of Broadband Infrastructure Deployment and Tax Incentives for Broadband Deployment
Author: Singer, Hal J. West, Jeffrey D.
Date: 20100302
Topic(s): Economic Development
Publisher: Navigant Economics for the Fiber to the Home Council (00 - Unassigned). Retrieved 13 January 2012. (2010 Economic Effects.pdf)

Rating: 0


Tite: Economic Effects of Increased Broadband Use in California Research Report
Author: Cox, Lindsay Owens, Angela Perez, Stephen Schaubmayer, Helen Sharp, Ryan Van Gaasbeck, Kristin
Date: 20071101
Topic(s): 00 - Unassigned
Publisher: Sacramento Regional Research Institute; Sacramento, CA (00 - Unassigned). Retrieved 16 August 2012. (2007 Economic Effects Report.pdf)

Rating: 0


Tite: Economic Effects of Increased Broadband Use in California Summary Report
Author: Cox, Lindsay Owens, Angela Perez, Stephen Schaubmayer, Helen Sharp, Ryan Van Gaasbeck, Kristin
Date: 20071101
Topic(s): 00 - Unassigned
Publisher: Sacramento Regional Research Institute; Sacramento, CA (00 - Unassigned). Retrieved 12 September 2011. (2007 Economic Effects.pdf)

Rating: 0


Tite: Economic Impact Study of the South Dundas Township Fibre Network
Author: Strategic Networks Group
Date: 20030627
Topic(s): 00 - Unassigned
Publisher: (00 - Unassigned). Retrieved 12 September 2011. (2003 South Dundas.pdf)

Rating: 0


Tite: Economic Impacts of Broadband
Author: Kimura, Kaoru Qiang, Christine Zhen-Wei Rossotto, Carlo M.
Date: 20090113
Topic(s): Economic Development
Publisher: (00 - Unassigned). Retrieved. (2009 Economic Impacts of Broadband.pdf)

Rating: 0


Tite: Editorial: Opelika Cable Vote Absolute Winner
Author: Opeleka-Auburn News Editorial Board
Date: 20100802
Topic(s): 00 - Unassigned
Publisher: Media General Communications Holdings; oanow.com (Newspaper Article). Viewed 30 December 2011.

Rating: 0


Tite: Employee Expectations, Demands, and Behavior of the Next Generation’s Workforce – Is Your Company Ready?
Author: Cisco
Date: 20111121
Topic(s): 00 - Unassigned
Publisher: Cisco (00 - Unassigned). Retrieved 1 November 2011. (2011 Employee Expectations.pdf)

Rating: 0


Tite: Enhanced Communications in San Francisco: Phase II Fiber Optic Feasibility Report
Author: Columbia Telecommunications Corporation
Date: 20091001
Topic(s): 00 - Unassigned
Publisher: Columbia Telecommunications Corporation (00 - Unassigned). Retrieved 12 September 2011. (SFX 2009 Phase II Feasibility.pdf)

Rating: 0


Tite: Ethernet Point-to-Point vs. PON - A Comparison of Two Optical Access Network Technologies and the Different Impact on Operation
Author: Keymile
Date: 20080101
Topic(s): 00 - Unassigned
Publisher: Keymile White Paper (White Paper). Retrieved 12 September 2011. (2008 Active vs PON.pdf)

Rating: 4


Tite: Evidence of a Modest Price Decline in US Broadband Services
Author: Greenstein, Shane McDevitt, Ryan C.
Date: 20100701
Topic(s): 00 - Unassigned
Publisher: National Bureau of Economic Research (00 - Unassigned). (2010 Modest Price Decline.pdf)

Rating: 0


Tite: Experts Present Update on Broadband for Public Safety
Author: Caspi, Heather
Date: 20120802
Topic(s): 00 - Unassigned
Publisher: Firehouse (00 - Unassigned). Viewed 2 October 2012.

A panel at Fire-Rescue International discussed the history of public safety’s fight for broadband.


Rating: 0


Tite: Explaining International Broadband Leadership
Author: Atkinson, Robert D. Correa, Daniel K. Hedlund, Julie A.
Date: 20080501
Topic(s): International Broadband Comparisons
Publisher: The Information Technology and Innovation Foundation (Reports). Retrieved 12 September 2011. (2008 Explaining International Broadband Leadership.pdf)

It is hard to follow broadband telecommunications policy without hearing almost weekly that the United States ranks 15th out of 30 Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) nations in broadband adoption. But it is much less apparent why the United States is behind. Indeed, relatively little work has been done to understand why some nations are ahead, and why some, like the United States, are lagging. By examining OECD nations through statistical analysis and in-depth case studies of nine nations, including the United States, this report attempts to do just that.


Rating: 4


Tite: Exploring the Digital Nation: Computer and Internet Use at Home
Author: NTIA
Date: 20111101
Topic(s): 00 - Unassigned
Publisher: US Department of Commerce (00 - Unassigned). Retrieved 10 November 2011. (2011 Digital Nation.pdf)

Rating: 0


Tite: Exploring the Digital Nation: Home Broadband Internet Adoption in the United States
Author: NTIA
Date: 20101101
Topic(s): 00 - Unassigned
Publisher: (00 - Unassigned). Retrieved 4 August 2012. (2010 Home Broadband Adoption.pdf)

Rating: 0


Tite: FCC 00-57: In the Matter of Inquiry Concerning Deployment of Advanced Telecommunications Capability in a Reasonable and Timely Fashion, and Possible Steps to Accelerate Such Deployment Pursuant to Section 706 of the Telecommunications Act of 1996
Author: Federal Communications Commission
Date: 2000218
Topic(s): 00 - Unassigned
Publisher: FCC (00 - Unassigned). Retrieved 4 January 2012. (2000 FCC 00-57.doc)

Rating: 0


Tite: FCC 02-33: In the Matter of Inquiry Concerning the Deployment of Advanced Telecommunications Capability to All Americans in a Reasonable and Timely Fashion, and Possible Steps to Accelerate Such Deployment Pursuant to Section 706 of the Telecommunica
Author: Federal Communications Commission
Date: 20020206
Topic(s): 00 - Unassigned
Publisher: FCC (00 - Unassigned). Retrieved 4 January 2012. (2002 FCC 02-33.pdf)

Rating: 0


Tite: FCC 04-208: Availability of Advanced Telecommunications Capability in the United States
Author: Federal Communications Commission
Date: 20040909
Topic(s): 00 - Unassigned
Publisher: FCC (00 - Unassigned). Retrieved 4 January 2012. (2004 FCC 04-208.pdf)

Rating: 0


Tite: FCC 05-151: In the Matters of Appropriate Framework for Broadband Access to the Internet over Wireline Facilities, Review of Regulatory Requirements for Incumbent LEC Broadband Telecommunications Services, Computer III Further Remand Proceedings: Bel
Author: Federal Communications Commission
Date: 20050923
Topic(s): 00 - Unassigned
Publisher: FCC (00 - Unassigned). Retrieved 13 January 2012. (2005 FCC 05-151.pdf)

Rating: 0


Tite: FCC 08-88: In the Matter of Inquiry Concerning the Deployment of Advanced Telecommunications Capability to All Americans in a Reasonable and Timely Fashion, and Possible Steps to Accelerate Such Deployment Pursuant to Section 706 of the Telecommunica
Author: Federal Communications Commission
Date: 20080612
Topic(s): 00 - Unassigned
Publisher: FCC (00 - Unassigned). Retrieved 4 January 2012. (2008 FCC 08-88.pdf)

Rating: 0


Tite: FCC 10-129: In the Matter of Inquiry Concerning the Deployment of Advanced Telecommunications Capability to All Americans in a Reasonable and Timely Fashion, and Possible Steps to Accelerate Such Deployment Pursuant to Section 706 of the Telecommunic
Author: Federal Communications Commission
Date: 20100720
Topic(s): 00 - Unassigned
Publisher: FCC (00 - Unassigned). Retrieved 4 January 2012. (2010 FCC 10-129.pdf)

Rating: 0


Tite: FCC 10-201: In the Matter of Preserving the Open Internet Broadband Industry Practices
Author: Federal Communications Commission
Date: 20101223
Topic(s): 00 - Unassigned
Publisher: FCC (00 - Unassigned). Retrieved 29 December 2011. (2010 FCC Preserving Open Internet.pdf)

Rating: 0


Tite: FCC 11-78: In the Matter of Inquiry Concerning the Deployment of Advanced Telecommunications Capability to All Americans in a Reasonable and Timely Fashion, and Possible Steps to Accelerate Such Deployment Pursuant to Section 706 of the Telecommunica
Author: Federal Communications Commission
Date: 20110520
Topic(s): 00 - Unassigned
Publisher: FCC (00 - Unassigned). Retrieved 24 January 2012. (2011 FCC 11-78.pdf)

Rating: 0


Tite: FCC 99-5: In the Matter of Inquiry Concerning the Deployment of Advanced Telecommunications Capability to All Americans in A Reasonable and Timely Fashion, and Possible Steps to Accelerate Such Deployment Pursuant to Section 706 of the Telecommunicat
Author: Federal Communications Commission
Date: 19990202
Topic(s): 00 - Unassigned
Publisher: FCC (00 - Unassigned). Retrieved 4 January 2012. (1999 FCC 99-5.doc)

Rating: 0


Tite: Feasibility Study: Portland, Oregon
Author: DynamicCity
Date: 20050101
Topic(s): Portland
Publisher: (00 - Unassigned). Retrieved 12 September 2011. (PDX 2005 DC.pdf)

Rating: 0


Tite: Federal Investigators Visit Clackamas County as Part of Audit into County's $7.8-Million Broadband Grant
Author: Zheng, Yuxing
Date: 20110705
Topic(s): 00 - Unassigned
Publisher: Oregonian (00 - Unassigned). Viewed 29 December 2011.

Rating: 0


Tite: Feds get $28B in Broadband Stimulus Requests
Author: Hoge, Patrick
Date: 20090828
Topic(s): 00 - Unassigned
Publisher: Jacksonville Business Journal (00 - Unassigned). Viewed 31 May 2012.

Rating: 0


Tite: Fiber Access Network: A Cable Operator's Perspective
Author: Brouse, John A.
Date:
Topic(s): 00 - Unassigned
Publisher: (00 - Unassigned). Retrieved 12 September 2011. (2004 Fiber Access Network.doc)

Rating: 0


Tite: Fiber Optics for Government and Public Broadband: A Feasibility Study
Author: Columbia Telecommunications Corporation
Date: 20070101
Topic(s): 00 - Unassigned
Publisher: Columbia Telecommunications Corporation (00 - Unassigned). Retrieved 12 September 2011. (SFX 2007 Feasibility.pdf)

Rating: 0


Tite: Fiber to the Home: Advantages of Optical Access
Author: Fiber to the Home Council
Date:
Topic(s): 00 - Unassigned
Publisher: Fiber to the Home Council (00 - Unassigned). Retrieved 28 October 2011. (0000 FTTH Advantages of Optical Access.pdf)

Rating: 0


Tite: Fiber to the Home: Advantages of Optical Access, 4th Edition
Author: Fiber to the Home Council
Date: 20100101
Topic(s): 00 - Unassigned
Publisher: Fiber to the Home Council (00 - Unassigned). Retrieved 28 October 2011. (2010 Broadband Properties Magazine (Spring).pdf)

Rating: 0


Tite: Fiber to the User as a Public Utility
Author: Nulty, Tim
Date: 20090101
Topic(s): 00 - Unassigned
Publisher: NATOA Journal (00 - Unassigned). Viewed 12 September 2011.

Rating: 0


Tite: Fiber-to-the-Home Tops 1 Million Subscribers
Author: Anderson, Nate
Date: 20061008
Topic(s): FiOS FTTH FTTH: Cost FTTH: Impact RVA Data
Publisher: ArsTechnica (Web Article). Viewed 9 Jun 2012

A brief but pithy summary of the state of FTTH.

The article does not question the validity of the numbers presented but rather simply accepts them at face value.


Rating: 2


Tite: Fiber-To-The-Home: North American Market Update
Author: RVA
Date: 20100401
Topic(s): 00 - Unassigned
Publisher: Fiber to the Home Council (00 - Unassigned). Retrieved 28 October 2011. (2010 Market Update.pdf)

Rating: 0


Tite: Fiber-to-the-X: The Economics of Last-Mile Fiber
Author: Wagter, Herman
Date: 20100330
Topic(s): FTTH FTTH: Cost
Publisher: ArsTechnica (Web Article). Viewed 26 July 2013

Rating: 0


Tite: Fighting the Next Good Fight: Assessing What Our National Broadband Strategy Should Be
Author: Settles, Craig
Date: 20090101
Topic(s): 00 - Unassigned
Publisher: Successful.com (00 - Unassigned). Retrieved 12 September 2011. (2009 Fighting the Next Good Fight.pdf)

Rating: 0


Tite: Fighting the Next Good Fight: Bringing True Broadband to Your Community
Author: Settles, Craig
Date: 20100101
Topic(s): 00 - Unassigned
Publisher: Hudson House; Poughkeepsie, NY (Book). Bookshelf

Rating: 0


Tite: Financial Analysis of FTTH System Proposals: An Operations-Based Approach
Author: Blum, Stephen A.
Date: 20051005
Topic(s): Economics FTTH FTTH: Cost
Publisher: Tellus Venture Associates and the Fiber to the Home Council (Reports). Retrieved 29 March 2013.

Rating: 0


Tite: Financial Feasibility of Building and Operating a Fiber Network in the City of Seattle
Author: CCG Consulting, LLC
Date: 20070515
Topic(s): 00 - Unassigned
Publisher: (00 - Unassigned). Retrieved 4 January 2012. (SEA 2007 Financial Feasibility.pdf)

Rating: 0


Tite: First Amended and Restated Interlocal Cooperative Agreement of the Utah Telecommunication Open Infrastructure Agency (UTOPIA)
Author: UTOPIA
Date: 20040601
Topic(s): UTOPIA
Publisher: UTOPIA (00 - Unassigned). (2004 UTOPIA Restated Interlocal Agreement.pdf)

Rating: 0


Tite: Five Reasons AT&T shouldn't be Allowed to Ditch "Monopoly" Regulations
Author: Brodkin, Jon
Date: 20131024
Topic(s): Monopoly
Publisher: ArsTechnica (Web Article). Viewed 28 October 2013

Rating: 0


Tite: Framing a National Broadband Policy
Author: Atkinson, Robert D.
Date: 20070101
Topic(s): Braodband in America International Broadband Comparisons Public Policy
Publisher: Commlaw Conspectus (White Paper). Fall 2007 Vol. 16; pp. 145-177. Retrieved 24 January 2012. (2007 Framing National Broadband Policy.pdf)

It is difficult to pick up a business or technology magazine without reading that the United States is falling behind other nations in broadband telecommu-nications. The real question is not whether the United States is falling behind—it is, as will be demonstrated—but whether the country should have a national broadband policy in response and, if so, what it should look like.

The answer to this question is not obvious. After all, a host of other exciting digital technologies have recently been introduced, and there is no talk of an Xbox gap or a national MP3 player strategy. On the other hand, broadband is unique in that the social returns of broadband investment exceed the private returns to companies and consumers. Therefore, market forces alone will not generate the societally optimal level of broadband in the foreseeable future.

Part II of this article assesses how far and why the United States has fallen behind in broadband. Part III then discusses why leaving broadband to the market alone will likely lead to adoption of broadband at a less than societally optimal rate. These reasons, laid out in Part IV, are: (1) network externalities; (2) “prosumer” investment externalities; (3) competitiveness externalities; and (4) regional externalities. Part V considers the trade-offs between various broadband goals, including universal deployment to all places, universal take-up by all individuals, faster broadband speeds, and increased competition. Fi-nally, Part VI concludes that the reasons discussed necessitate a national broadband policy, and suggests that crafting such a policy must involve sig-nificant analysis, debate, and consideration.


Rating: 4


Tite: From Consumers to Users: Shifting the Deeper Structures of Regulation Toward Sustainable Commons and User Access
Author: Benkler, Yochai
Date: 20000404
Topic(s): Regulation
Publisher: Federal Communications Law Journal (Scholarly Article or Paper). Number 3, Volume 52, pp. 561-579. Retrieved 2 March 2012. (2000 Consumers to Users.pdf)

The emergence of the digitally networked environment makes possible the development of a robust, open social conversation in which all can participate as peers. This technological and economic possibility is not, however, preordained. Decisions about the organization and regulation of the content, logical, and physical layers of the Internet will determine whether the digital environment will eventually, in large measure, replicate the mass media model, or whether it will indeed change the deep structure of our information environment. The focus of the policy concerns that have traditionally justified structural media regulation should, at this time, be focused on assuring that the digitally networked environment evolves into a stable system for peer users, rather than towards a system in which commercial producers and passive consumers are the primary players. These goals suggest that we develop and sustain commons, wherever possible, in the resources necessary for the production and exchange of information, and that we design provisions enabling access to the resources that cannot be sustained as commons. Such a policy focus would be a more effective means than traditional structural media regulation of securing robust democratic discourse and individual expressive freedom.


Rating: 3


Tite: FTTH Deployment Assessment
Author: CSMG
Date: 20091013
Topic(s): 00 - Unassigned
Publisher: CSMG (00 - Unassigned). Retrieved 13 January 2012. (2009 FTTH Deployment Assessment.pdf)

Rating: 0


Tite: FTTH: Life After the FiOS Build
Author: Ross, Steven S.
Date: 20111101
Topic(s): 00 - Unassigned
Publisher: Broadband Properties (00 - Unassigned). Retrieved 12 October 2012. (2011 After FiOS.pdf)

Rating: 0


Tite: FTTP Industry Structure: Implications of a wholesale retail split
Author: Banerjee, Anupam Sirbu, Marvin
Date: 20060901
Topic(s): Economics FTTH Open Access Networks
Publisher: Carnegie Mellon University (White Paper). Retrieved 12 September 2011. (2008 Wholesale-Retail Split.pdf)

From the conclusion...

In spite of interfering with a wholesaler’s ability to price discriminate, a wholesale-retail split is economically feasible. A wholesaler can recover its cost and as long as a significant number of homes do not have a zero willingness to pay for broadband data service, a wholesaler is almost as profitable as a vertically integrated entity. This is because the bulk of the extractable economic surplus resides in the triple-play bundle due to significant economies of scope in provisioning the bundle. Since the wholesale-retail split does not interferes with the ‘dark fiber’ wholesaler’s ability to extract economic surplus from the triple-play bundle, the inability to price discriminate does not interfere with the ability of a dark fiber wholesaler to extract economic surplus vis-à-vis a vertically integrated entity (or a ‘lit’ wholesaler) and the difference between the profits of a profit maximizing wholesaler and a profit maximizing vertically integrated entity) are modest, at best. In such markets, municipalities or communities that build out FTTP and choose to be wholesalers (i) can realize sustainable prices, (ii) are likely to create greater welfare (due to innovation spurred by retail competition) and (iii) are just as likely to recover costs (vis-à-vis vertically integrated entities). Therefore, contrary to the assertions of some current providers, it is not necessary to vertically integrate and exclude service level competitors in order to generate sufficient revenue to cover an investment in FTTP infrastructure. However, in markets, where a large proportion of homes have a zero willingness to pay for data service (and therefore, desire only video service), the profit maximizing ‘dark fiber’ wholesaler can be worse off due to its inability to set a video price independently of the bundle price – resulting in a lower optimal bundle price (vis-à-vis a vertically integrated entity) and lower profits. Interestingly, the welfare maximizing ‘dark fiber’ wholesaler can still create almost the same amount of welfare as a vertically integrated entity, though the distribution of welfare among consumer groups is markedly different.

Even in the presence of a (cable) incumbent that offers voice, video and data services, a wholesaler is as likely to recover its costs as a vertically integrated entity. The ability to price discriminate gives the vertically integrated entity only marginally greater ability to compete with the cable incumbent and does not drive down prices or incumbent profits by much. In the case of a dark fiber wholesaler, if a large proportion of homes have zero willingness to pay for data services, not only is the ‘dark fiber’ wholesaler worse off (vis-à-vis a vertically integrated entity), but the profit maximizing dark fiber price set by the ‘dark fiber’ wholesaler results in a lower bundle price that makes the incumbent worse off as well (vis-à-vis the incumbent competing against a vertically integrated entity) resulting in bundle consumers enjoying a significantly larger consumer surplus.

Finally, a municipal FTTP entrant that seeks to maximize welfare and competes with a profit maximizing (cable) incumbent not only creates welfare for its subscribers, but also enhances the consumer surplus experienced by the subscribers of the (cable) incumbent. For our model parameters, consumer surplus can almost double due to such municipal entry. Service penetration rises from 57% to almost 90%, indicating that welfare maximizing municipal entry ensures that almost every home ends up being served. Even if the municipal network were to be unprofitable and had to be funded out of increased taxes, the consumer surplus resulting from such an entry could far outweigh the effect of increased taxation.


Rating: 5


Tite: FTTP Networks: Topology and Competition
Author: Sirbu, Marvin
Date: 20080101
Topic(s): 00 - Unassigned
Publisher: Carnegie Mellon University (00 - Unassigned). Retrieved 4 January 2012. (2008 FTTP Networks.pdf)

Rating: 0


Tite: FTTP Shootout – Active Ethernet vs PON
Author: Riverstone Networks
Date: 20040101
Topic(s): 00 - Unassigned
Publisher: Riverstone Networks Whitepapers (White Paper). Retrieved 12 September 2011. (2004 Active vs PON.pdf)

Rating: 0


Tite: FTTU Broadband Network Currently Offered in Bristol Virginia and Neighboring Southwest Virginia Counties through BVU OptiNet
Author: BVU OptiNet
Date: 20080814
Topic(s): 00 - Unassigned
Publisher: (00 - Unassigned). (BVU 2008 Report.doc)

Rating: 0


Tite: FTTx Architectures and Why it Matters for the Open Access Debate
Author: Sirbu, Marvin
Date: 20080101
Topic(s): 00 - Unassigned
Publisher: Carnegie Mellon University (00 - Unassigned). (2008 FTTx Architectures and Open Access.ppt)

Rating: 0


Tite: FTTx: Selecting the Best Architecture for the Access Network
Author: Occam Networks
Date: 20050101
Topic(s): 00 - Unassigned
Publisher: Occam Networks; Santa Barbara, CA (00 - Unassigned). Retrieved 12 September 2011. (2005 FTTx Architecture.pdf)

Rating: 0


Tite: Getting Broadband to All
Author: Stephenson, John
Date: 20121018
Topic(s): 00 - Unassigned
Publisher: The Daily Caller (00 - Unassigned). Viewed 26 October 2012.

Stephenson argues that municipal investment in telecommunications is financially risky because mismanagement and inexperience reign in municipal projects. He argues instead that the way to get broadband to all is to reduce regulation.


Rating: 0


Tite: Getting Connected: Broadband Services a Key to a Vibrant Rural America
Author: Alter, Theodore Bridger, Jeffrey Sager, Sheila Schafft, Kai Shuffstall, William
Date: 20070101
Topic(s): Economic Development Open Access Networks Rural Broadband
Publisher: Rural Sociological Society (Magazine Article). Rural Realities Vol. 2 Iss. 1; Rural Sociological Society. Retrieved 13 January 2012. (2007 Getting Connected.pdf)

The Situation:

  • Not all broadband services are created equal. Residential services currently available in rural areas are not adequate for businesses that need to compete in a global economy.
  • Rural areas will continue to lose population, jobs, and income unless policy changes are made to ensure that rural communities have the same access to business class broadband services as their urban counterparts.
  • Helping rural areas achieve telecommunications parity with their urban counterparts is as important as past efforts by the federal government to accelerate the electrification of rural America in the 1930s or to extend the interstate highway system to these areas in the 1950s.
  • Low population densities increase the cost of private sector broadband expansion into rural areas. For this reason, rural broadband deployment will require innovative strategies.

Policy Options:

  • The Telecommunications Act of 1996 fails to recognize the importance of creating broadband policies that simultaneously promote sound rural development. As such, broadband services must be delivered in rural America with an eye on the broader economic, workforce, and community development opportunities and challenges existing in rural areas.
  • Current policy helps to create and enforce industry “silos” for broadband access. Open access networks represent an important alternative for delivering broadband services to businesses and residents in rural America. A key advantage – it aggregates individual and organizational broadband service to a single network infrastructure.
  • Federal, state and local broadband policies must work to create open access networks through public-private partnerships. Furthermore, they must provide loans and grants that will spur the creation of such partnerships and accelerate the deployment of broadband services to rural America.

Rating: 4


Tite: Gigabit Internet: Start Planning
Author: Jander, Mary
Date: 20131104
Topic(s): Public Policy
Publisher: UBM's Future Cities (Web Article).

Rating: 0


Tite: Glimmers and Signs of Innovative Health in the Commercial Internet
Author: Greenstein, Shane
Date: 20100101
Topic(s): 00 - Unassigned
Publisher: Journal on Telecom and High Tech (00 - Unassigned). (2010 Health Innovation.pdf)

Rating: 0


Tite: Global Broadband Battles: Why the US and Europe Lag While Asia Leads
Author: Fransman, Martin
Date: 20060101
Topic(s): 00 - Unassigned
Publisher: Stanford Business Books; Stanford, CA (Book). Bookshelf

Rating: 0


Tite: Global Broadband Penetration Rates
Author: Bedell, Denise Pasquali, Valentina
Date: 20120101
Topic(s): International Broadband Comparisons
Publisher: Global Finance (Web Article). Viewed 30 November 2012.

Summary of OECD global broadband penetration data.


Rating: 3


Tite: Global Broadband Quality Study Shows Progress, Highlights Broadband Quality Gap: Broadband Quality Improves around the World Despite Economic Downturn
Author: Said Business School, University of Oxford
Date: 20091001
Topic(s): 00 - Unassigned
Publisher: University of Oxford; London (00 - Unassigned). Retrieved 24 Feb 2012. (2009 Global Broadband Quality Survey.doc)

Rating: 0


Tite: Global broadband snapshot: Hong Kong trounces the rest of the world
Author: Reed, Brad
Date: 20120206
Topic(s): International Broadband Comparisons
Publisher: Network World (Web Article).

Informal survey shows Hong Kong, Poland, Taiwan and South Korea top advertised speeds.

The article features several useful pop-up charts.


Rating: 0


Tite: Global Growth of Open Access Networks: from WarChalking and Connection Sharing to Sustainable Business
Author: Battiti, Roberto Lo Cigno, Renato Orava, Fredrik Pehrson, Bjorn
Date: 20030101
Topic(s): Open Access Networks Wireless
Publisher: WMASH - 03 Proceedings of the 1st ACM International Workshop on Wireless Mobile Applications and Services on WLAN Hotspots; ACM, New York (Scholarly Article or Paper). (2003 Global Growth of Open Accss Networks.pdf)

Discusses open access concepts for wireless networks.

This paper discusses the evolution of W-LAN starting from the mere extension of LAN services indoors, through the widespread diffusion of outdoors coverage with free and often un-authorized access, to the business models supporting their evolution to public coverage HotSpots. Besides, the idea of Open Access Networks (OANs) going beyond wireless HotSpots to become a shared access infrastructure fostering service operators competition is introduced and discussed.
The concept of Open Access Networks (OAN) is detailed, highlighting its difference with the more traditional model of vertical integration of the access network into the global service. Arguing on OANs development, it is shown how to support the quick and smooth evolution of the infrastructure toward a widespread and reliable communication support. References to existing projects, starting from StockholmOpen.net and Wilma are given.
Business models are discussed by mentioning the different actors, the market organization and different organization forms.
The final part of the paper is devoted to technical challenges such as access control, security, privacy, roaming, resource exploitation and service differentiation.


Rating: 3


Tite: Google Launches a Superfast Internet and TV Business
Author: Metz, Rachel
Date: 20120726
Topic(s): Google Fiber
Publisher: MIT Technology Review (Web Article). Viewed 21 November 2012 at http://www.technologyreview.com/news/428590/google-launches-a-superfast-internet-and-tv-business/.

Rating: 2


Tite: Google's Internet Service Might Actually Bring the U.S. Up to Speed
Author: Talbot, David
Date: 20121119
Topic(s): Google Fiber International Broadband Comparisons
Publisher: MIT Technology Review (Web Article). Viewed 21 November 2012 at http://www.technologyreview.com/news/507476/googles-internet-service-might-actually-bring-the-us-up-to-speed/.

Rating: 2


Tite: Government Rejects $27 Million Broadband Grant
Author: Scofield, Heather
Date: 20100929
Topic(s): 00 - Unassigned
Publisher: The Durango Herald (Newspaper Article). Viewed 13 February 2012

Rating: 0


Tite: Green Lighting In Chattanooga – Savings, Safety and Jobs
Author: Gonzalez, Lisa
Date: 20120522
Topic(s): 00 - Unassigned
Publisher: Community Broadband Networks (00 - Unassigned). Viewed 2 October 2012.

Rating: 0


Tite: HD Streaming Smackdown: The Rematch
Author: Higgins, Tim
Date: 20100820
Topic(s): 00 - Unassigned
Publisher: VelumMedia; SmalNetBuilder: Real Help for Your Small Network (00 - Unassigned). Viewed 29 December 2011.

Rating: 0


Tite: Hey America! We’re Ranked #16 in Broadband!
Author: Levy, Josh
Date: 20120403
Topic(s): International Broadband Comparisons
Publisher: Huff Post Tech (00 - Unassigned). Viewed 6 August 2012.

In this article, Levy writes, “The U.S. broadband market is in bad shape. More competition could help fix it, but shady business deals [like Verizon’s proposal to buy Cox cables wireless spectrum with an agreement to resell Cox products – effectively migrating Verizon out of the triple play provider market] and bad government policies [like not requiring unbundling on fiber networks] are fostering more concentration, not less.”


Rating: 0


Tite: High Speed Services for Internet Access: Status as of December 31, 2008
Author: Federal Communications Commission
Date: 20100201
Topic(s): 00 - Unassigned
Publisher: FCC (00 - Unassigned). Retrieved 4 August 2012. (2010 IAS as of 31 December 2008.pdf)

Rating: 0


Tite: Home Broadband 2010
Author: Smith, Aaron
Date: 20100811
Topic(s): 00 - Unassigned
Publisher: Pew Internet & American Life Project (00 - Unassigned). Retrieved 4 August 2012. (2010 Home Broadband.pdf)

Rating: 0


Tite: Home Broadband Adoption 2006
Author: Horrigan, John
Date: 20060528
Topic(s): Adoption
Publisher: Pew Internet & American Life Project (00 - Unassigned). Retrieved 4 August 2012. (2006 Home Broadband.pdf)

Rating: 0


Tite: Home Broadband Adoption 2007
Author: Horrigan, John
Date: 20070703
Topic(s): Adoption
Publisher: Pew Internet & American Life Project (00 - Unassigned). Retrieved 4 August 2012. (2007 Home Broadband.pdf)

Rating: 0


Tite: Home Broadband Adoption 2008
Author: Horrigan, John
Date: 20080701
Topic(s): 00 - Unassigned
Publisher: Pew Internet & American Life Project (00 - Unassigned). Retrieved 4 August 2012. (2008 Home Broadband.pdf)

Rating: 0


Tite: Home Broadband Adoption 2009
Author: Horrigan, John
Date: 20090601
Topic(s): 00 - Unassigned
Publisher: Pew Internet & American Life Project (00 - Unassigned). Retrieved 4 August 2012. (2009 Home Broadband.pdf)

Rating: 0


Tite: Hopes for Wireless Cities Fade as Internet Providers Pull Out
Author: Urbina, Ian
Date: 20080322
Topic(s): 00 - Unassigned
Publisher: New York Times (00 - Unassigned). Viewed 24 October 2011.

Rating: 0


Tite: How Connectivity is Revolutionizing Everything
Author: GigaOm Edit Staff
Date: 20111101
Topic(s): 00 - Unassigned
Publisher: GigaOm (00 - Unassigned). Viewed 6 November 2011.

GigaOM edit staff members Katie Fehrenbacher, Jessica Stillman, Derrick Harris, Mathew Ingram, Colleen Taylor, Om Malik, and Ryan Kim take a look at ten ways access to broadband (both mobile and fixed) is changing our lives.


Rating: 0


Tite: How Email Brings You Closer to the Guy in the Next Cubicle
Author: Harford, Tim
Date: 20080118
Topic(s): 00 - Unassigned
Publisher: Wired (00 - Unassigned). Issue 16 Volume 2. Viewed 1 March 2012.

Rating: 0


Tite: How the Internet has Woven Itself into American Life
Author: Rainie, Lee
Date: 20050125
Topic(s): 00 - Unassigned
Publisher: Pew Internet & American Life Project (00 - Unassigned). Retrieved 4 August 2012. (2005 Woven.pdf)

Rating: 0


Tite: How the Telecom Lobby is Killing Municipal Broadband
Author: Badger, Emily
Date: 20111104
Topic(s): Longmont CO Preemption
Publisher: The Atlantic Cities (Web Article). Viewed 13 November 2011.

Badger summarizes Longmont, Colorado's initiative fight to approve a municipal broadband project in the face of Colorado's preemption laws.


Rating: 3


Tite: How to Stimulate Investment in FTTH in the U.S.: Build Open Access Networks, Especially in Greenfield Developments
Author: Kruse, Diane
Date: 20100101
Topic(s): Portland
Publisher: (00 - Unassigned). Retrieved 13 January 2012. (2010 Build Open Access.pdf)

Rating: 0


Tite: I'll Vote for You If You Make My Netflix Work!
Author: Ohrtman, Frank
Date: 20120905
Topic(s): Colorado Municipal Projects Rural Broadband
Publisher: Create Space Independent Publishing Platform (Book). (2012 Ill Vote For Netflix.docx

The author has traveled at least 15,000 miles around the state of Colorado establishing 17 Local Broadband Planning Teams covering 42 of the state's 64 counties for the purposes of improving the local broadband environment of the state's rural and remote communities. An unscientific approach to determining the speed of the internet infrastructure for a given community is to pose the question "Can you stream Netflix?" If not, then the simple assumption is that broadband, as defined by the FCC, is not available in that community. In addition, the author has collected thousands of speed test surveys from across the state and, very simply put, determined that broadband is not available for some majority of the state's rural and remote communities. What is a community to do if broadband is not available to them? It is important for community leaders to realize that, without taking action themselves, they may be dependent on Wall Street or Washington for a solution that may not come. Those communities that realize that broadband is a utility just like power, water, roads, etc., and establish control over their broadband environment will succeed in enjoying access to 21st century healthcare, education, public safety and economic development, and, of course, a positive Netflix HD (and like services) streaming experience. This book explains a five-step process (the "5 A's") for communities that seek to gain control of their broadband environment. Breaking a generations-long cycle of dependence on outside entities to plan, fund and build telecommunications infrastructure is not easy. In Colorado, a number of rural and remote communities have embraced "the 5 A's" described in this book and have either succeeded or are in the process of gaining control over their broadband environment. It is hoped that this book can guide communities around the world in gaining control of their broadband environment and enjoy all that 21st century broadband has to offer. By applying "the 5 A's" and adhering to a three-part mantra of a) all solutions are local b) no one size fits all and c) it does NOT cost millions of dollars to bring broadband to rural or remote communities any community can succeed in gaining control of their broadband environment.

The "5 A's" are:

  • Aggregate Local Experience
    There is no step in this process more important than recruiting a strong Local Broadband Planning Team. Team members are best recruited based on a) experience with previous or on-going efforts to improve broadband environments in targeted communities, b) positions as elected officials or similar status, c) technical expertise (information technology or telecommunications professionals), and d) the local service providers.
  • Assess the Broadband Environment
    What are the immediate shortfalls of the broadband environment (or lack thereof)? Market failures on the parts of incumbent service providers are often noted in the form of netwrok outages lasting days. This can indicate outdated infrastructure and a dire need for the LBPTs to take control of their local broadband environment.
  • Assess and Aggregate Demand
    What is meant by "Our Internet stinks?" Is it too slow? Are there frequent outages? What are community anchors currently subscribing to? What speeds are they getting? What are they paying for? How much bandwidth do community anchors need to accomplish their mission? What is the total demand for a community? Does the current infrastructure support that level of demand?
    Competition drives improved broadband environments. In many communities, there is no forum for consumers of large quantities of bandwidth to compare pricing and bundle their aggregate buying power for mutual benefit. An LBPT, by virtue of the team members' status as consumers of large quantities of bandwidth, represents a buyer's co-op for bandwidth.
  • Aggregate Resources and Solutions
    A frequent excuse for low broadband speeds is the assumption that the capital expense necessary to bring improved broadband to a community is prohibitively high. That assumption is based on the notion that th eincumbent or any new market entrant would need to spend millions of dollars to trench fiber from a tier one Internet service provider's urban location to the rural community. Communities have resources (towers, existing fiber assets, power transmission lines, rooftops, etc.) that can reduce that capital expense (CAPEX). In aggregating resources, capital expenses are cut and broadband environments can improve.
  • Aggregate Sustainability
    Assuming a community is successful in the previous stepsp, how is teh community network sustained over generations to come? What is its legal status? What is teh symbiotic relationship between it and teh community? How is it funded? How does it pay for netowrk upgrades? How does it conuter competition?

Rating: 4


Tite: If You're Waiting on FiOS You Could Be Waiting a While: 30% of Verizon Customers May Wait Years for Upgrades
Author: Bode, Karl
Date: 20120124
Topic(s): 00 - Unassigned
Publisher: Broadband DSL Reports (00 - Unassigned). Viewed 12 October 2012.

Rating: 0


Tite: Illinois Announces Gigabit Broadband Initiative
Author: Mulholland, Jessica
Date: 20121016
Topic(s): Chicago GigaBit Squared
Publisher: Digital Communities (Web Article). Viewed 16 October 2012.

A neighborhood of 4,825 addresses becomes the first to partner with GigaBit Squared's Gigabit Neighborhood Gateway Program (GNGP).

The article exposes a projected budget of $9m of which the state of Illinois is providing $2m, the University of Chicago $1m, the community of Woodlawn another $1m, and the GNGP $5m.


Rating: 2


Tite: Improving Quality of Life through Telecommuting
Author: Cox, Wendell
Date: 20090101
Topic(s): 00 - Unassigned
Publisher: The Information Technology and Innovation Foundation (00 - Unassigned). Retrieved 24 January 2012. (2009 Telecommuting.pdf)

Rating: 0


Tite: Information Technology: AFN Head Looks to Improve Finances
Author: Aldous, Vickie
Date: 20100804
Topic(s): Ashland (AFN) Municipal Fiber Network Performance
Publisher: Ashland Daily Tidings (Newspaper Article). Viewed 24 October 2011

Visit the OHIvey study of the Ashland project.

A brief article giving a fairly straightforward presentation of the Ashland Fiber Network’s financial status just over a decade into the project. It is an interesting exercise to compare the data in this article with Aldous’ 2 June 2011 article and with the various business Ashland Fiber Network business plans (available plans include the 18 March 2004, 6 February 2007, 3 March 2009, and 19 July/17 August 2010 versions).


Rating: 0


Tite: Information versus Telecom
Author: Frankston, Bob
Date: 20110617
Topic(s): 00 - Unassigned
Publisher: (00 - Unassigned). Retrieved 18 December 2011. (2011 Information vs Telecom.pdf)

Rating: 0


Tite: Intelligent Transportation Systems for Traffic Signal Control
Author: US Department of Transportation
Date: 20050101
Topic(s): 00 - Unassigned
Publisher: US Department of Transportation (00 - Unassigned). Retrieved 2 October 2012. (2005 Traffic Signals.pdf)

Rating: 0


Tite: International Broadband Comparison, Continued
Author: Swanson, Bret
Date: 20101014
Topic(s): 00 - Unassigned
Publisher: Maximum Entropy (00 - Unassigned). Viewed 20 May 2012.

Rating: 0


Tite: Internet Access Services: Status as of December 31, 2009
Author: Federal Communications Commission
Date: 20101201
Topic(s): 00 - Unassigned
Publisher: FCC (00 - Unassigned). Retrieved 4 August 2012. (2010 IAS as of 31 December 2009.pdf)

Rating: 0


Tite: Internet Access Services: Status as of June 30, 2009
Author: Federal Communications Commission
Date: 20100901
Topic(s): 00 - Unassigned
Publisher: FCC (00 - Unassigned). Retrieved 4 August 2012. (2010 IAS as of 30 June 2009.pdf)

Rating: 0


Tite: Internet Access Services: Status as of June 30, 2010
Author: Federal Communications Commission
Date: 20110301
Topic(s): 00 - Unassigned
Publisher: FCC (00 - Unassigned). Retrieved 4 August 2012. (2011 IAS as of 30 June 2010.pdf)

Rating: 0


Tite: Internet Access Services: Status as of June 30, 2011
Author: Federal Communications Commission
Date: 20120601
Topic(s): 00 - Unassigned
Publisher: FCC (00 - Unassigned). Retrieved 4 August 2012. (2012 IAS as of 30 June 2011.pdf)

Rating: 0


Tite: Internet Proposal Creates Divide: High-Speed Provider threatens Local, Established Companies
Author: Scofield, Heather
Date: 20100902
Topic(s): 00 - Unassigned
Publisher: The Durango Herald (Newspaper Article). Viewed 13 February 2012

Rating: 0


Tite: Internet Reinforces Local Bonds
Author: Daily, Geoff
Date: 20080128
Topic(s): 00 - Unassigned
Publisher: AppRising (00 - Unassigned). Viewed 1 March 2012.

Rating: 0


Tite: Internet, Broadband, and Cell Phone Statistics
Author: Rainie, Lee
Date: 20100105
Topic(s): 00 - Unassigned
Publisher: Pew Internet & American Life Project (00 - Unassigned). Retrieved 4 August 2012. (2010 Internet Broadband and Cell Phone Statistics.pdf)

Rating: 0


Tite: Introducing the Open Acces Network
Author: Solomon, Gadi
Date: 20040609
Topic(s): 00 - Unassigned
Publisher: Telephony Online.com (00 - Unassigned). Retrieved 13 January 2012. (2004 Open Access Network.pdf)

Rating: 0


Tite: Introduction to Open Access Networks
Author: Edvardsen, Einar
Date: 20060304
Topic(s): 00 - Unassigned
Publisher: Telektronikk (00 - Unassigned). Retrieved 13 January 2012. (2006 Intro to OAN.pdf)

Rating: 0


Tite: Investigation of Burlington Telecom
Author: Larkin & Associates, PLLC
Date: 20101210
Topic(s): 00 - Unassigned
Publisher: State of Vermont Public Service Board (00 - Unassigned). Retrieved 12 September 2011. (BT 2010 Audit Report.pdf)

Rating: 0


Tite: Investigation of competition in Colorado's telecommunications market : report to the Colorado Public Utilities Commission: Public Report
Author: Colorado Public Utilities Commission
Date: 20050101
Topic(s): Colorado Competition
Publisher: Colorado Public Utilities Commission (Reports). Retrieved 8 February 2013. (2005 Competition in Colorado.pdf)

Rating: 0


Tite: iProvo’s Troubles
Author: Deseret News
Date: 20110819
Topic(s): 00 - Unassigned
Publisher: Deseret News (00 - Unassigned). Viewed 24 October 2011.

Rating: 0


Tite: Is Structural Separation of Incumbent Local Exchange Carriers Necessary for Competition?
Author: Crandall, Robert W. Sidak, J. Gregory
Date: 20020101
Topic(s): 00 - Unassigned
Publisher: Yale Journal on Regulations (00 - Unassigned). Vol. 19:335, pp. 335-411. Retrieved 18 January 2012. (2002 Structural Separation.pdf)

Rating: 0


Tite: It’s not Triple Play, It’s ‘Century Play’
Author: Cohill, Andrew Michael
Date: 20120405
Topic(s): 00 - Unassigned
Publisher: (00 - Unassigned). Viewed 8 April 2012.

Rating: 0


Tite: It’s the End of the Line for Telco
Author: Geddes, Martin
Date: 20120225
Topic(s): 00 - Unassigned
Publisher: GigaOm (00 - Unassigned). Viewed 4 March 2012.

From the article, “Home networks don’t need service providers. You just buy a box and plug it in. Street-level networks don’t either – you can build a simple resilient mesh. Nor do town networks that join the kids with their school. We fundamentally don’t need communications service providers to manage data transmission. As long as we have a means to fund infrastructure, just as we manage with roads, we can do it for ourselves.

“This is the beginning of the end of the Information Superrailroad, where all the bits are scarce and billable. Broadband ISP service is a branch line to nowhere.

“Unlicensed wireless is the automobile, and local open fibers are the roads. It doesn’t carry very much very far right now, but it will. And with it, the fate of the telecom industry as constituted today is sealed. Like with the railroads, telcos will carry ever more traffic, and will protect themselves with political power. But their heyday is over, and a new disruptive model has emerged.

“Welcome to the real Information Superhighway.”


Rating: 0


Tite: Kansas City, Google and the Leveraging of Public Value
Author: Goldsmith, Stephen
Date: 20121219
Topic(s): Benefits Google Fiber
Publisher: Governeing the States and Localities (Web Article). Viewed 27 December 2012

Mayor Sylvester James of Kansas City, Mo. lists four ways the Google fiber initiative is providing public benefit:

  1. The project makes KC unique and that helps the branding.
  2. The application effort brought the region together and helped build bridges that are still in place today.
  3. The community has rallied to ensure poor neighborhoods can "make the mark" for subscription as well as the more affluent neighborhoods.
  4. The project is supporting small businesses and attracting entrepreneurial interest

Rating: 3


Tite: Lawmakers: Is it Time to Let UTOPIA Die?
Author: Horiuchi, Vince
Date: 20120919
Topic(s): UTOPIA
Publisher: The Salt Lake Tribune (Newspaper Article). Viewed 20 September 2012

Rating: 0


Tite: Learning from Burlington Telecom: Some Lessons for Community Networks
Author: Mitchell, Christopher
Date: 20110818
Topic(s): 00 - Unassigned
Publisher: Institute for Local Self-Reliance (00 - Unassigned). Retrieved 12 September 2011. (BT 2011 Lessons Learned.pdf)

Rating: 0


Tite: Let City Make Best Use of its Network
Author: TimesCall.com
Date: 20111013
Topic(s): Longmont CO
Publisher: TimesCall.com (Newspaper Article). Viewed 26 November 2012.

The Longmont Times-Call comes out in favor of allowing Longmont to build a municipal network.


Rating: 2


Tite: Leverett Approves Financing of Municipal Broadband Network
Author: Staff Writer
Date: 20120604
Topic(s): 00 - Unassigned
Publisher: The Daily Hampshire Gazette (00 - Unassigned). Viewed 14 June 2012.

Rating: 0


Tite: Live at the Speed of Light: Open Access Networks: Keeping Minnesota Communities Competitive
Author: Blandin Foundation Initiative
Date: 20070101
Topic(s): 00 - Unassigned
Publisher: Blandin Foundation Broadband Initiative (00 - Unassigned). Retrieved 13 January 2012. (2007 Live at the Speed of Light.pdf)

Rating: 0


Tite: Local Government Broadband Initiatives
Author: Gillett, Sharon E. Lehr, William Osorio, Carlos A.
Date: 20031203
Topic(s): 00 - Unassigned
Publisher: Massachusetts Institute of Technology (00 - Unassigned). Retrieved 4 January 2012. (2003 Local Government Broadband.pdf)

Rating: 0


Tite: Measuring Broadband: Improving Communications Policymaking through Better Data Collection
Author: Flamm, Kenneth Friedlander, Amy Horrigan, John Lehr, William
Date: 20071114
Topic(s): 00 - Unassigned
Publisher: Pew Internet & American Life Project (00 - Unassigned). Retrieved 4 August 2012. (2007 Measuring Broadband.pdf)

Rating: 0


Tite: Measuring Broadband’s Economic Impact
Author: Gillett, Sharon E. Lehr, William Osorio, Carlos A. Sirbu, Marvin
Date: 20051201
Topic(s): 00 - Unassigned
Publisher: Carnegie Mellon University; Pittsburgh, PA (00 - Unassigned). Retrieved 4 January 2012. (2005 Measuring Economic Impact.pdf

Rating: 0


Tite: Measuring the Broadband Bonus in Thirty OECD Countries
Author: Greenstein, Shane McDevitt, Ryan C.
Date: 20120101
Topic(s): 00 - Unassigned
Publisher: OECD Digital Economy Papers (00 - Unassigned). (2012 Broadband Bonus.pdf)

This paper provides estimates of the economic value created by broadband Internet using measures of new gross domestic product and consumer surplus. The study finds that the economic value created in 30 OECD countries correlates roughly with the overall size of their broadband economies. In addition, price and quality data from the United States suggest that widespread adoption of broadband Internet has occurred without a dramatic decline in prices, which reflects an unobserved increase in broadband quality that conventional government statistics do not capture.


Rating: 0


Tite: Measuring the Economic Impact of Broadband Deployment
Author: Gillett, Sharon E. Lehr, William Osorio, Carlos A. Sirbu, Marvin
Date: 20060228
Topic(s): Economic Development
Publisher: Economic Development Administration, US Department of Commerce; Washington, DC (00 - Unassigned). Retrieved 12 September 2011. (2006 Measuring Economic Impact.pdf)

Rating: 0


Tite: Mediator tells Foes, Supporters to Calm Broadband Talks: Telecom Project Aims to Expand High-Speed Access in SW Colo
Author: Scofield, Heather
Date: 20100904
Topic(s): 00 - Unassigned
Publisher: The Durango Herald (Newspaper Article). Viewed 13 February 2012

Rating: 0


Tite: Memphis Networx: From Smart Money to Risky Business
Author: Meek, Andy
Date: 20070622
Topic(s): 00 - Unassigned
Publisher: The Daily News (00 - Unassigned). vol. 122 No. 116. Viewed 30 December 2011.

Rating: 0


Tite: Mid-Year Update on AFN
Author: Ashland, City of
Date: 20040203
Topic(s): Ashland (AFN)
Publisher: City of Ashland (Reports). Viewed 21 December 2011

Visit the OHIvey study of the Ashland project.

The report is here.


Rating: 3


Tite: More than 200 Attend, Several Protest at Budget Meeting in Orem
Author: Pugmire, Genelle
Date: 20120530
Topic(s): UTOPIA
Publisher: Daily Herald (Newspaper Article). Viewed 30 May 2012.

Rating: 0


Tite: Municipal & Utility Guidebook to Bringing Broadband Fiber Optics to Your Community
Author: Chaffee, David Shapiro, Mitchell
Date: 20080909
Topic(s): 00 - Unassigned
Publisher: Public Technology Institute (00 - Unassigned). Retrieved 12 September 2011. (2008 Municipal and Utility Guidebook.pdf)

Rating: 0


Tite: Municipal Broadband: Challenges and Perspectives
Author: Dingwall, Craig
Date: 2006
Topic(s): 00 - Unassigned
Publisher: Federal Communications Law Journal (Scholarly Article or Paper). Retrieved 11 November 2013. (2006 Muicipal Broadband.pdf)

Rating: 0


Tite: Municipal Broadband: Demystifying Wireless and Fiber-Optics Options
Author: Mitchell, Christopher
Date: 20080101
Topic(s): 00 - Unassigned
Publisher: The New Rules Project (00 - Unassigned). Retrieved 28 October 2011. (2008 Demystifying Wireless and Fiber-Optics Options.pdf)

Rating: 0


Tite: Municipal Broadband: Optimistic Plan, Disappointing Reality: A Study of the BVU OptiNet and Lafayette Utilities Plan
Author: Titch, Steven
Date: 20050601
Topic(s): 00 - Unassigned
Publisher: Heartland Institute (00 - Unassigned). Retrieved 12 October 2012. (2005 Disappointing Reality.pdf)

Rating: 0


Tite: Municipal Broadband: Wired to Waste
Author: Mead, Brent Moylan, Andrew
Date: 20120409
Topic(s): Criticism Municipal Projects
Publisher: National Taxpayers Union (Reports). Retrieved 15 December 2012. (2012 Wired to Waste.pdf)

Rating: 3


Tite: Municipal Campaigns have UTOPIA, iProvo on the Radar
Author: Fidel, Steve
Date: 20111024
Topic(s): 00 - Unassigned
Publisher: Deseret News (00 - Unassigned). Viewed 25 October 2011.

Rating: 0


Tite: Municipal Wi-Fi Networks: The Goals Practices and Policy Implications of the U.S. Case
Author: Bar, Francois Park, Namkee
Date: 20051122
Topic(s): Municipal Projects Public Policy Wireless
Publisher: First Transatlantic Telecom Forum (White Paper). Retrieved 4 January 2012. (2005 Municipal Wi-Fi Networks.pdf)

This paper explores three broad questions about municipal Wi-Fi networks in the U.S.: why are cities getting involved, how do they go about deploying these networks, and what policy issues does this new trend raise? To explain municipal involvement, the paper points out that cities have both the means to provide relatively inexpensive deployment and the motives to provide wireless connectivity to city employees, foster the economic development of communities and offer universal and affordable broadband services to residents. The paper then explores nine possible business models, ordered according to two questions: who owns the network and who operates it. Each of the possible business models is described and its policy implications are discussed. Finally, the paper addresses the political and legal fight over the right of cities to build these networks. The authors argue in conclusion that the current municipal Wi-Fi movement should be allowed to proceed without federal restrictions.


Rating: 3


Tite: Municipal Wireless Broadband: Hype or Harbinger?
Author: Gillett, Sharon E.
Date: 20051026
Topic(s): 00 - Unassigned
Publisher: Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Center for Technology, Policy, and Industrial Development (00 - Unassigned). Retrieved 4 January 2012. (2005 Municipal Wireless Broadband.pdf)

Rating: 0


Tite: Municipal Wireless Broadband: Policy and Business Implications of Emerging Access Technologies
Author: Gillett, Sharon E. Lehr, William Sirbu, Marvin
Date: 20040507
Topic(s): 00 - Unassigned
Publisher: (00 - Unassigned). Retrieved 4 January 2012. (2004 Municipal Wireless Broadband.pdf)

Rating: 0


Tite: Murray Considers Options for Troubled Fiber-Optic network
Author: McKitrick, Cathy
Date: 20130122
Topic(s): UTOPIA
Publisher: Salt Lake Tribune (Newspaper Article). Viewed 20 Feb 2013.

Rating: 0


Tite: Murray Council denies Request for more UTOPIA Funds
Author: Manson, Pamela
Date: 20130219
Topic(s): UTOPIA
Publisher: Salt Lake Tribune (Newspaper Article). Viewed 20 Feb 2013.

Rating: 0


Tite: National Broadband Plan Policy Evaluation
Author: CSMG
Date: 20091102
Topic(s): 00 - Unassigned
Publisher: CSMG (00 - Unassigned). Retrieved 13 January 2012. (2009 NBP Policy Evaluation.pdf)

Rating: 0


Tite: Navigant Consulting Ashland Fiber Network 2004 Business Plan
Author: Ashland, City of
Date: 20040318
Topic(s): Ashland (AFN)
Publisher: City of Ashland (Reports). Retrieved 21 December 2011. (AFN 200-2005 2nd Qtr with Navigant Report.pdf)

Visit the OHIvey study of the Ashland project.


Rating: 3


Tite: Navigant Report Results Update
Author: Ashland, City of
Date: 20050301
Topic(s): Ashland (AFN)
Publisher: City of Ashland (Reports). Retrieved 21 December 2011, (AFN 2005 Navigant Update.pdf)

Visit the OHIvey study of the Ashland project.


Rating: 3


Tite: Netflix Not Buying Comcast Excuse About Xfinity Data
Author: Sandoval, Greg
Date: 20120423
Topic(s): Comcast Competition Monopoly Scarcity Video
Publisher: Cnet (Web Article). Viewed 30 November 2012.

"Comcast is giving an unfair advantage to the company's Web streaming service by not counting the data it serves against Comcast's data cap. Netflix CEO Reed Hastings writes: 'This is not neutral.'"

The article complains about a lack of neutrality but that lack of neutrality shows the advantages of vertical monopoly integration and suggests the value of scarcity marketing.


Rating: 3


Tite: Netflix Performance on Top ISP Networks
Author: Florance, Ken
Date: 20110127
Topic(s): 00 - Unassigned
Publisher: Netflix: The Netflix Tech Blog (00 - Unassigned). iewed 29 December 2011. Image retrieved 29 December 2011 from http://techblog.netflix.com/2011/01/netflix-performance-on-top-isp-networks.html. (2011 Netflix ISP Chart.png)

Shows Netflix performance aggregated by major ISP.

Interestingly shows three clusters of ISPs by aggregated performance:

  • One-third speed: Clearwire, Frontier, and CenturyTel
  • One-half speed: Qwest, Embarq, Windstream, Bellsouth, ATT, and Verizon
  • Two-thirds speed: Cable One, Cablevision, Suddenlink, Time Warner, Cox, Comcast, and Charter.

Higgins (20 Sep 2010) demonstrates 720p streams at an average of 5.52 Mbps with spikes to 19.1 Mbps and 1080p streams at 9.4 Mbps with spikes to 31.8 Mbps. So, Netflix is first diminishing the HD experience by capping their top HD streams at 4.8 Mbps. However, Netflix’s cap is above the aggregate performance of even the best ISP.

The data do not show the impact of continued telecommunications consolidation or of capital improvements.


Rating: 0


Tite: New Challenges in Municipal Broadband Network Management from Vertical Integration to Wholesale-Retail Model
Author: Nucciarelli, Alberto Sadowski, Bert
Date: 20080627
Topic(s): Open Access Networks
Publisher: Information Expertise Center (Scholarly Article or Paper). Retrieved 16 August 2013 (2008 New Challenges.pdf).

Rating: 0


Tite: New Council Lands Broadband Grant: Southwest Colorado was an area Lacking Regional Planning Agent
Author: Rodebaugh, Dale
Date: 20100209
Topic(s): 00 - Unassigned
Publisher: The Durango Herald (Magazine Article). Viewed 13 February 2012.

Rating: 0


Tite: Next Generation Connectivity: A Review of Broadband Internet Transitions and Policy from Around the World
Author: Benkler, Yochai
Date: 20100201
Topic(s): Adoption Braodband in America International Broadband Comparisons Open Access Networks Public Policy Regulation
Publisher: Berkman Center for Internet and Society at Harvard University (Reports). Retrieved 12 March 2012. (2010 Next Generation.pdf)

An extensive review of broadband policies and policy performance around OECD countries.


Rating: 4


Tite: North American FTTH Status
Author: RVA
Date: 20110331
Topic(s): 00 - Unassigned
Publisher: Fiber to the Home Council (00 - Unassigned). Retrieved 17 February 2012. (2011 RVA Report.pdf)

Rating: 0


Tite: Nurturing the Accumulation of Innovations: Lessons from the Internet
Author: Greenstein, Shane
Date: 20100101
Topic(s): 00 - Unassigned
Publisher: (00 - Unassigned). (2010 Nurturing Innovation.pdf)

Rating: 0


Tite: Obama’s Online Opportunities II
Author: Horrigan, John
Date: 20090101
Topic(s): 00 - Unassigned
Publisher: Pew Internet & American Life Project (00 - Unassigned). Retrieved 4 August 2012. (2009 Online Opportunities.pdf)

Rating: 0


Tite: Older Adults and Internet Use: For the First Time, Half of Adults Ages 65 and Older are Online
Author: Madden, Mary Zickuhr, Kathryn
Date: 20120606
Topic(s): 00 - Unassigned
Publisher: Pew Internet & American Life Project (00 - Unassigned). Pew Internet & American Life Project. Retrieved 4 August 2012. (2012 Older Adults.pdf)

Rating: 0


Tite: On NOT Baking in Special Services
Author: Frankston, Bob
Date: 20100816
Topic(s): 00 - Unassigned
Publisher: (00 - Unassigned). Retrieved 18 December 2011. (2010 Not Baking.pdf)

Rating: 0


Tite: On the Road to a Gigabit Broadband: Are We There Yet? A Self-Assessment Guide for Communities
Author: Corporation for Education Network Initiatives in California
Date: 20040101
Topic(s): 00 - Unassigned
Publisher: CENIC One Gigabit or Bust Initiative (00 - Unassigned). Retrieved 4 January 2012. (2004 Are We There Yet.pdf)

Rating: 0


Tite: One Gigabit or Bust Initiative: A Broadband Vision for California
Author: Gilbert, Mark E.
Date: 20030501
Topic(s): 00 - Unassigned
Publisher: Gartner (00 - Unassigned). Retrieved 4 January 2012. (2003 One Gig or Bust.pdf)

Rating: 0


Tite: Opelika Chamber Endorses City’s Telecommunications Proposal; Some Residents Unmoved
Author: Prater, Donathan
Date: 20100807
Topic(s): 00 - Unassigned
Publisher: General Communications Holdings; oanow.com (00 - Unassigned). Viewed 30 December 2011.

Rating: 0


Tite: Opelika Endures Silly Opposition to Municipal Broadband: Zombie Appliances, Internet Takeovers, Socialism
Author: Dampier, Phillip
Date: 20100809
Topic(s): 00 - Unassigned
Publisher: Stop the Cap! (00 - Unassigned). Viewed 30 December 2011.

Rating: 0


Tite: Opelika Leaders Field Questions on Smart Grid, Telecommunications Proposal
Author: Prater, Donathan
Date: 20100731
Topic(s): 00 - Unassigned
Publisher: Media General Communications Holdings; oanow.com (00 - Unassigned). Viewed 30 December 2011.

Rating: 0


Tite: Opelika Residents Vote to Put City in Broadband Business; “It’s a Terrible Day for Charter”
Author: Dampier, Phillip
Date: 20100811
Topic(s): 00 - Unassigned
Publisher: Stop the Cap! (00 - Unassigned). Viewed 30 Dec 2011.

Rating: 0


Tite: Open Access Fiber to the Home Networking
Author: Timmerman, Roger
Date: 20091201
Topic(s): 00 - Unassigned
Publisher: School of Technology, Brigham Young University; Provo, UT (00 - Unassigned). Retrieved 12 September 2011. (2009 Open Access.pdf)

Rating: 0


Tite: Open Access for Local Exchange Carriers
Author: Lengdell, Astrid Hveding Oftedahl, Geir Axel
Date:
Topic(s): 00 - Unassigned
Publisher: (00 - Unassigned). Retrieved 13 January 2012. (0000 Open Access for Local Exchange Carriers.pdf)

Rating: 0


Tite: Open Architecture as Communications Policy
Author: Cooper, Mark N.
Date: 20040601
Topic(s): 00 - Unassigned
Publisher: Center for Internet and Society (Book).

In this volume edited by Mark Cooper, the Stanford Law School’s Center for Internet and Society compiles articles relating to the technological and legal questions surrounding open architecture from such Internet luminaries as Vinton Cerf, Michael Coops, Robert Kahn, Lawrence Lessig, and others.


Rating: 0


Tite: Open Service Provider Networks
Author: Sybrowsky, Joel
Date: 20041110
Topic(s): 00 - Unassigned
Publisher: DynamicCity (00 - Unassigned). Retrieved 4 January 2011. (SEA 2004 DC OSPN.ppt)

Rating: 0


Tite: Open Service Provider Networks: Taking America’s Communities Into the Digital Age: An answer to our broadband decline and to the need for fair telecom in a free market economy
Author: Gould, Ben
Date: 20050501
Topic(s): 00 - Unassigned
Publisher: Broadband Properties (00 - Unassigned). May 2005, pp. 40-42. Retrieved 21 December 2011. (2005 OSPN.pdf)

Rating: 0


Tite: Opposition to Plan for Broadband Fades Away: Council of Governments Agrees to Back Request
Author: Scofield, Heather
Date: 20100911
Topic(s): 00 - Unassigned
Publisher: The Durango Herald (Newspaper Article). Viewed 13 February 2012.

Rating: 0


Tite: Options
Author: Ashland, City of
Date: 20060401
Topic(s): 00 - Unassigned
Publisher: City of Ashland (00 - Unassigned). (AFN 2006 Options Attachment.pdf)

Rating: 0


Tite: Orem Budget can’t get past UTOPIA
Author: Pugmire, Genelle
Date: 20120526
Topic(s): UTOPIA
Publisher: Daily Herald (Newspaper Article). Viewed 27 May 2012.

Rating: 0


Tite: Orem's Financial Dilemma
Author: Daily Hearald Editorial Board
Date: 20120530
Topic(s): 00 - Unassigned
Publisher: Daily Herald (00 - Unassigned). Viewed 30 May 2012.

Rating: 0


Tite: Penalty Fee May Let Houston Revamp WiFi
Author: Grant, Alexis
Date: 20071205
Topic(s): 00 - Unassigned
Publisher: Houston Chronicle (00 - Unassigned). Viewed 24 October 2011.

Rating: 0


Tite: Pew: 30% of US Adults don't have Broadband; 10% Use Smartphones as Sole Internet Access; 20% have Zilch
Author: Lunden, Ingrid
Date: 20130826
Topic(s): Adoption
Publisher: TechCrunch (Web Article).

Rating: 0


Tite: Phase 2 Business Case for a Community Fiber Network
Author: Uptown Services
Date: 20071101
Topic(s): Portland
Publisher: (00 - Unassigned). (PDX 2007 Uptown.pdf)

Rating: 0


Tite: Philadelphia Councilman Thinks Verizon May be Foot-Dragging on FiOS Construction
Author: CBS Philly
Date: 20120412
Topic(s): 00 - Unassigned
Publisher: CBS Philly (00 - Unassigned). Viewed 5 August 2012.

City Councilman Jim Kenney claims, “We’ve had information coming from inside the company that says they [Verizon] may not be following what they committed to do when we granted the franchise.”


Rating: 0


Tite: Pioneering Spirit: Bristol, Va., Trailblazing Muni FTTH
Author: Kramer, Bradley
Date: 20080301
Topic(s): 00 - Unassigned
Publisher: Last Mile (00 - Unassigned). Retrieved 31 December 2011. (BVU 2008 Pioneering Spirit.pdf)

Rating: 0


Tite: Pipes – The Dumber the Better
Author: Frankston, Bob
Date: 20090604
Topic(s): 00 - Unassigned
Publisher: (00 - Unassigned). Retrieved 18 December 2011. (2009 Dumb Pipes.pdf)

Rating: 0


Tite: Please, Sir, May I Have Another?
Author: Kusnick, Bruce
Date: 20120418
Topic(s): 00 - Unassigned
Publisher: Huffington Post (00 - Unassigned). Viewed 11 October 2012

Rating: 0


Tite: Policies to Increase Broadband Adoption at Home
Author: Atkinson, Robert D. Atkinson, Robert D.
Date: 20091101
Topic(s): Public Policy Adoption
Publisher: The Information Technology and Innovation Foundation (White Paper). Retrieved 24 January 2012. (2009 Broadband Adoption Policies.pdf)

The United States, and indeed all developed nations, are in the midst of a transition in which over the next few decades virtually all of their citizens are likely to be connected at home on broadband networks. Even just a few years ago one could legitimately argue that Internet access generally, and broadband access specifically, was not something that most Americans needed to have and to be able to use to effectively participate in society. But that has changed. Individuals still dont have to have broadband the way they have to have food, shelter, health care, indoor plumbing and even telephone service. But while broadband may not qualify as this type of basic need, it is certainly vastly more important than a typical consumer discretionary item like pay TV services. For broadband increasingly is the platform on which individuals can engage in an array of activities that make their lives much easier including commerce, e-government, education, health care, and of course, access to a vast array of information.

Waiting for the market to bring everyone onto broadband networks will not only consign tens of millions of American households to years without broadband services, and all the benefits it provides, but it will reduce the economic and social benefits enjoyed by the rest of Americans by reducing the network effect of broadband Internet access. This is not to say, as some claim, that government should pressure people to subscribe to broadband or that individuals who choose not to subscribe are making decisions that are somehow inappropriate. It is to say, though, that many Americans who do not subscribe, do so because they cant afford it, are unable to use it, or dont understand its value. As such, its incumbent upon the federal government to take serious steps to addressing these challenges and help millions of Americans avail themselves of the broadband Internet.


Rating: 4


Tite: Policy Paradox: The Art of Political Making (Revised Edition)
Author: Stone, Deborah
Date: 20020101
Topic(s): 00 - Unassigned
Publisher: W.W. Norton & Company; New York (Book).

Rating: 0


Tite: Portland City Council Approves ‘Prudent’ Broadband Plan
Author: Rogoway, Mike
Date: 20110914
Topic(s): Portland
Publisher: Oregonian (Newspaper Article). Viewed 29 December 2011.

Rating: 0


Tite: Portland Community Fiber Network Staff Report for City Council Work Session
Author: Henry, Mary Beth Olson, David C.
Date: 20071115
Topic(s): Portland
Publisher: (00 - Unassigned). Retrieved 12 September 2011. (PDX 2007 Staff Memo.pdf)

Rating: 0


Tite: Portland Community Fiber Network: Staff Report for the City Council Work Session
Author: Portland, City of
Date: 20071120
Topic(s): Portland
Publisher: City of Portland (00 - Unassigned). (PDX 2007 Staff Memo.pdf)

Rating: 0


Tite: Portland Muni Wi-Fi Project Hits Hard Times
Author: Weiss, Todd R.
Date: 20080423
Topic(s): Portland
Publisher: ComputerWOrld (00 - Unassigned). Viewed 24 October 2011.

Rating: 0


Tite: Portland Publishes its Google Fiber Application
Author: Rogoway, Mike
Date: 20100329
Topic(s): Portland
Publisher: Oregonian (Newspaper Article). Viewed 29 December 2011.

Rating: 0


Tite: Portland Tries Modest Plan for Expanding Broadband Access
Author: Rogoway, Mike
Date: 20110913
Topic(s): Portland
Publisher: Oregonian (Newspaper Article). Viewed 29 December 2011.

Rating: 0


Tite: Portland’s Dream of the ‘00s – Fast, Cheap Broadband – is Alive
Author: Rogoway, Mike
Date: 20110128
Topic(s): Portland
Publisher: Oregonian (Newspaper Article). Viewed 29 December 2011

Rating: 0


Tite: Portland’s Wi-Fi Network Coming Down
Author: Rogoway, Mike
Date: 20080619
Topic(s): Portland Wireless
Publisher: Oregonian (Newspaper Article). Viewed 24 October 2011.

Rating: 0


Tite: Portland’s Wi-Fi Network Making an Exit
Author: Rogoway, Mike
Date: 20080620
Topic(s): Portland Wireless
Publisher: Oregonian (Newspaper Article). Viewed 24 October 2011.

Rating: 0


Tite: PortlandHeartsGoogle
Author: Portland, City of
Date: 20100101
Topic(s): Portland
Publisher: (00 - Unassigned). Viewed 29 December 2011.

Rating: 0


Tite: Powell, Wyoming: Creating a New FTTH Model
Author:
Date: 20080901
Topic(s):
Publisher: Broadband Communities Magazine Online (Magazine Article). Retrieved 1 January 2013. (POW 2008 Powell.pdf)

Bray is the lead project consultant for the Powell project - so the article is a little tilted in the project's favor.


Rating: 2


Tite: Powell, Wyoming: Population 5,500, Fiber Fed
Author: Bode, Karl
Date: 20081001
Topic(s): Municipal Projects Powell WY
Publisher: Broadband DSL Reports (Web Article). Viewed 1 January 2013.

Rating: 2


Tite: Pro Forma
Author: Ashland, City of
Date: 20040318
Topic(s): Ashland (AFN)
Publisher: City of Ashland (Reports). Retrieved 21 December 2011. (AFN 2004 Pro Forma.pdf)

Visit the OHIvey study of the Ashland project.


Rating: 3


Tite: Provo Examining Ways for Residents to Pay Off iProvo Debt
Author: Meyers, Donald W.
Date: 20110818
Topic(s): 00 - Unassigned
Publisher: Salt Lake Tribune (Newspaper Article). Viewed 24 October 2011.

Rating: 0


Tite: Provo Taking Back iProvo Fiber-Optic System, but Seeking Buyers for Network
Author: Meyers, Donald W.
Date: 20120326
Topic(s): 00 - Unassigned
Publisher: Salt Lake Tribune (Newspaper Article). Viewed 1 April 2012.

Rating: 0


Tite: Publicly Owned Broadband Networks: Averting the Looming Broadband Monopoly
Author: Mitchell, Christopher
Date: 20110323
Topic(s): 00 - Unassigned
Publisher: Institute for Local Self-Reliance (00 - Unassigned). Retrieved 12 September 2011. (2011 Publicly Owned Broadband Networks.pdf)

Mr. Mitchell crusades for publicly owned broadband networks as a solution for current monopoly problems. Includes a link to Institute for Local Self-Reliance’s Community Broadband Network Map at http://www.muninetworks.org/communitymap.


Rating: 0


Tite: Purpose vs. Discover and the Internet as a Dynamic
Author: Frankston, Bob
Date: 20091103
Topic(s): 00 - Unassigned
Publisher: CircleID: Internet Infrastructure (00 - Unassigned). Viewed 18 December 2011.

Rating: 0


Tite: Railroaded: The Transcontinentals and the Making of Modern America
Author: White, Richard
Date: 20110101
Topic(s): 00 - Unassigned
Publisher: W.W. Norton & Company; New York (Book).

The development of the transcontinental railroads with their government sponsored monopolies and their impact on communities and economic development serve as an excellent case study when developing national telecommunications infrastructure policy. In this book, Richard White does an excellent job of looking at the railroads and their impact on politics and business models.


Rating: 0


Tite: Report of the Task Force on Telecommunications Innovation: How the City of Seattle can Promote Development of an Advanced Communications Network
Author: Seattle, City
Date: 20050501
Topic(s): 00 - Unassigned
Publisher: City of Seattle (00 - Unassigned). Retrieved 4 January 2012. (SEA 2005 Broadband Task Force Report.pdf)

Rating: 0


Tite: Research & Commentary: UTOPIA and the Problems Facing Municipal Broadband
Author: Glans, Matthew
Date: 20121210
Topic(s): Criticism Economics UTOPIA
Publisher: The Heartland Institute (Web Article). Viewed 15 December 2012.

Glans summarizes some work done over the year(s) that shows UTOPIA is not performing at expectations and is costing taxpayers money.


Rating: 2


Tite: Residential Survey Results for the City of Seattle
Author: CCG Consulting, LLC
Date: 20070502
Topic(s): 00 - Unassigned
Publisher: (00 - Unassigned). Retrieved 4 January 2012. (SEA 2007 Residential Survey.pdf)

Rating: 0


Tite: Resolution 06-05
Author: UTOPIA
Date: 20060612
Topic(s): UTOPIA
Publisher: UTOPIA (00 - Unassigned). (UTOPIA 2007 Budget.pdf)

Rating: 0


Tite: Resolution 07-10
Author: UTOPIA
Date: 20070611
Topic(s): UTOPIA
Publisher: UTOPIA (00 - Unassigned). (UTOPIA 2008 Budget.pdf)

Rating: 0


Tite: Resolution No. 36816
Author: Portland, City of
Date: 20100922
Topic(s): Portland
Publisher: (00 - Unassigned). Retrieved 4 January 2012. (PDX 2010 Resolution 36816.pdf)

Rating: 0


Tite: Resolution Number: 30684
Author: Seattle, City
Date: 20040621
Topic(s): 00 - Unassigned
Publisher: (00 - Unassigned). Retrieved 4 January 2012. (SEA 2004 Resolution 30684.doc)

Rating: 0


Tite: Review of UIA Five Year Expansion Plan
Author: Design Nine, Inc.
Date: 20100101
Topic(s): 00 - Unassigned
Publisher: (00 - Unassigned).

Rating: 0


Tite: Review of UIA Five Year Expansion Plan
Author: Design Nine, Inc.
Date: 20101018
Topic(s): UTOPIA
Publisher: Design Nine (00 - Unassigned). (UTOPIA 2010 UIA Five Year Plan Review.pdf)

Rating: 0


Tite: Rocky Mountain Broadband is Latest Rural WiMAX Provider to Shut Down
Author: Parker, Tammy
Date: 20120831
Topic(s): Colorado Rural Broadband Wireless
Publisher: Fierce Wireless (Web Article). Viewed 7 November 2013.

Rating: 0


Tite: Rural Broadband: Are We There Yet?
Author: Bennett, Richard
Date: 20110501
Topic(s): Braodband in America Rural Broadband
Publisher: The Information Technology and Innovation Foundation (Reports). Retrieved 24 January 2012. (2011 Rural Broadband.pdf)

Congress asked the FCC to give it a picture of progress, not simply a year old snapshot of data easily accessible to a reporting system updated once a year. Progress in broadband technology is continual. 4G broadband coverage is increasing steadily, as is the ownership and use of 4G devices and 4G adapters for personal computers.
The 4G buildout is the single most important trend for broadband in hard-to-serve areas. The redefinition of the 706 mandate and the deliberate exclusion of mobile networks from the solution set caused the FCC to overlook the most important technology development of the past two years.
If we examine the dynamic factors driving broadband at higher speeds into more parts of the United States and the increasing willingness of people to use broadband on wireless devices and personal computers, there is reason to celebrate the progress that we’ve made as a nation. If we focus instead on the fact that the advance of mobile networks makes copper wire networking less attractive in hard-to-serve areas, we can only bemoan a lack of progress. The correct way to view the data that go into the 2010 Broadband Competition Report is that the glass, while not full, is filling in a timely and reasonable manner. It remains true that a large segment of the population chooses not to participate in the broadband revolution, and for them an active campaign needs to be mounted by community-based organizations with taxpayer support to encourage broadband adoption. Such programs have been highly successful in other parts of the world.
To suggest that the buildout is not progressing is to delude ourselves; to admit that many people are being left behind despite the progress of the buildout is to recognize an important reality, albeit one that Congress has not yet asked the FCC to address.


Rating: 3


Tite: Salisbury’s Fiber-Optic Cable System: Another Corporate Welfare Project Paid for by Average Taxpayers
Author: Sanera, Michael
Date: 20090501
Topic(s): 00 - Unassigned
Publisher: John Locke Foundation; Raleigh NC (00 - Unassigned). Regional Brief #74. Retrieved 30 December 2011. (2009 Salisbury Fiber-Optic.pdf)

Rating: 0


Tite: Santa Monica City Net: How to Grow a Network
Author: Zanger, Masha
Date: 20110501
Topic(s): 00 - Unassigned
Publisher: Broadband Communities (00 - Unassigned). Retrieved 12 October 2012. (2011 Santa Monica.pdf)

Rating: 0


Tite: Searching for the Future of Television
Author: Hof, Robert D.
Date: 20101221
Topic(s): Google Fiber Video
Publisher: MIT Technology Review (Web Article). Viewed 21 November 2012 at http://www.technologyreview.com/featuredstory/422126/searching-for-the-future-of-television/.

Rating: 2


Tite: Short History of Powellink Muni FIber in Wyoming
Author: Mitchell, Christopher
Date: 20110610
Topic(s): Municipal Projects Powell WY
Publisher: Community Broadband Networks (Web Article). Viewed 1 January 2013.

Rating: 2


Tite: Should the Public or Private Sector Control Broadband
Author: Marshall, Alex
Date: 20130401
Topic(s): 00 - Unassigned
Publisher: Government Technology (Web Article).

Rating: 0


Tite: Smart Conduit Considerations for Forward-Looking Communities
Author: Mitchell, Christopher
Date: 20120201
Topic(s): 00 - Unassigned
Publisher: Institute for Local Self-Reliance (00 - Unassigned). Viewed 1 February 2012.

Rating: 0


Tite: Speed Matters: Benefits of Broadband
Author: Speed Matters
Date: 20100101
Topic(s): 00 - Unassigned
Publisher: Communications Workers of America; Washington, DC (00 - Unassigned). Retrieved 24 January 2012. (2010 Speed Matters.pdf)

A series of fact sheets summarizing the benefits of broadband for different purposes including: reducing the digital divide in underserved communities, the environment, economic growth and jobs, rural communities, distance learning, e-government and civic engagement, health care, K-12 education, libraries, people with disabilities, public safety, digital literacy, and Senior citizens.


Rating: 0


Tite: State and Local Issues and Municipal Networks
Author: US Senate Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation
Date: 20060214
Topic(s): 00 - Unassigned
Publisher: U.S. Government Printing Office; Washington, DC (00 - Unassigned). Retrieved 12 September 2011. (2006 State and Local Issues.pdf)

Rating: 0


Tite: State of the Internet, 1st Quarter 2008
Author: Akamai
Date: 20080301
Topic(s): Internet Performance
Publisher: Akamai (Web Article). Volume 1, Number 1. Retrieved 18 January 2012 from http://www.akamai.com/dl/whitepapers/akamai_state_of_the_internet_q1_2008.pdf?curl=/dl/whitepapers/akamai_state_of_the_internet_q1_2008.pdf&solcheck=1&. (2008 1Q Akami State of the Internet.pdf)

Akamai’s globally distributed network of servers allows us to gather massive amounts of information on many metrics, including connection speeds, attack traffic, and network connectivity/availability/latency problems, as well as user behavior and traffic patterns on leading Web sites.

Starting in the first quarter of 2008, Akamai will be aggregating and analyzing this data in conjunction with other publicly available information to publish a quarterly “State of the Internet” report. This first report includes baseline data on distributed denial of service (DDoS) attack traffic and global broadband connectivity and penetration rates as observed by Akamai. Future reports will explore trends in this data. In addition, each report will highlight significant Internet events, including attacks, outages, and Web site traffic peaks.

DDoS attack traffic in the first quarter of 2008 continued to target exploits that were identified years ago, suggesting that there is still a significant population of insufficiently patched systems connected to the Internet. During the quarter, there were several high-profile Internet outages, de-peering events, and route hijackings. These problems impacted millions of users across multiple networks, significantly degrading network performance and availability. On the bright side, however, broadband adoption statistics were encouraging, with Akamai observing a large percentage of connections at speeds over 2 Mbps for many countries and U.S. states.


Rating: 3


Tite: State of the Internet, 1st Quarter 2009
Author: Akamai
Date: 20090401
Topic(s): Internet Performance
Publisher: Akamai (Web Article). Volume 2, Number 1. Retrieved 18 January 2012 from http://www.akamai.com/dl/whitepapers/Akamai_State_Internet_Q2_2009.pdf?curl=/dl/whitepapers/Akamai_State_Internet_Q2_2009.pdf&solcheck=1&. (2009 1Q Akami State of the Internet.pdf)

Each quarter, Akamai publishes a State of the Internet report. This report includes data gathered from across Akamais global server network about attack traffic and broadband adoption, as well as trends seen in this data over time. It also aggregates publicly available news and information about notable events seen throughout the quarter, including Denial of Service attacks, Web site hacks, and network events, including outages and new connections.

During the first quarter of 2009, Akamai observed attack traffic originating from 68 unique countries around the world. The United States and China were the two largest attack traffic sources, accounting for nearly 50% of observed traffic in total. Once again, Akamai observed attack traffic targeted at more than 20,000 unique ports, with the top 10 ports seeing roughly 90% of the observed attack traffic. (The additional concentration in the first quarter was likely related to traffic related to the Conficker worm.) Numerous Web site hacks and Web-based exploits were reported during the quarter, as were distributed denial of service attacks targeted at DNS infrastructure. The Conficker worm continued to spread throughout the quarter, spawning several variants, each more damaging than the previous.

Comparatively minor network outages and routing issues were reported in the first quarter. Web site outages during the quarter impacted popular cloud computing platforms, social media sites, and Web hosting providers.

A number of new submarine cable projects were announced or deployed in the first quarter. These deployments are ultimately expected to improve Internet connectivity for countries in Africa, Europe, South America & the Caribbean, and Oceania. New WiMAX projects and deployments will bring broadband wireless connectivity to countries in Eastern Europe, Africa, Asia, and the former Soviet Union. Fiber-to-the-home efforts announced in the first quarter will benefit users in New Zealand, Australia, Bali, Latvia, Scotland, and England.

The first quarter also saw nominal advances in IPv6 adoption, as Google launched access to a broad set of Google services over IPv6, and seven more country-level domains enabled their DNS servers for IPv6. In the United States, and countries around the globe, stimulus funding was allocated in the first quarter to help improve broadband availability in rural areas.

Akamai observed a nearly five percent increase (from the fourth quarter 2008) globally in the number of unique IP addresses connecting to Akamais network. From a global connection speed perspective, Japan unseated South Korea for the highest levels of high broadband (>5 Mbps) connectivity, though South Korea maintained the highest average connection speed, at 11 Mbps.

In the United States, Delaware also maintained its top position, with 62% of connections to Akamai occurring at 5 Mbps or greater, and the highest average connection speed in the United States, at 7.2 Mbps.

The Inauguration of United States President Barack Obama in January drove record levels of streaming and HTTP traffic across the World Wide Web, and also impacted the usage of online retail, messaging, and search sites.


Rating: 3


Tite: State of the Internet, 1st Quarter 2010
Author: Akamai
Date: 20100401
Topic(s): Internet Performance
Publisher: Akamai (Web Article). Volume 3, Number 1. Retrieved 18 January 2012 from http://www.akamai.com/dl/whitepapers/akamai_state_of_the_internet_q1_2010.pdf?curl=/dl/whitepapers/akamai_state_of_the_internet_q1_2010.pdf&solcheck=1&. (2010 1Q Akami State of the Internet.pdf)

Each quarter, Akamai publishes a “State of the Internet” report. This report includes data gathered from across Akamai's global server network about attack traffic, broadband adoption, and mobile connectivity, as well as trends seen in this data over time. Periodically, it also aggregates publicly available news and information about notable events seen throughout the quarter, including Denial of Service attacks, Web site hacks, and network events, including outages and new connections.

During the first quarter of 2010, Akamai observed attack traffic originating from 198 unique countries around the world. Russia remained the top attack traffic source, accounting for 12% of observed attack traffic in total. The United States and China once again held the second and third place spots respectively, accounting for nearly 20% of observed attack traffic. Attack traffic concentration returned to levels seen in the third quarter of 2009, with the top 10 ports once again seeing nearly 95% of the observed attack traffic. We noted that when aggregated at a continental level, Europe was responsible for the highest percentage of attacks seen in the first quarter, both overall, and for attacks observed to have originated in known mobile networks. Port 445 continued to be the most highly targeted port for observed attacks, again both overall and for attack traffic originating in known mobile networks.

Akamai observed a 7.2% increase (from the fourth quarter of 2009) globally in the number of unique IP addresses connecting to Akamai’s network. From a global connection speed perspective, South Korea continued to have the highest level of “high broadband” (>5 Mbps) connectivity. South Korea also maintained the highest average connection speed, at 12 Mbps, and recorded the highest average maximum connection speed, at 33 Mbps, where the per-IP address maximum connection speed was averaged across IP addresses from each country. Cities in South Korea also held many of the top spots in the rankings of highest average and average maximum1 connection speeds by city. In the United States, Delaware remained in the top position, with 71% of connections to Akamai occurring at 5 Mbps or greater. Delaware also maintained the highest average connection speed in the United States, increasing to 7.6 Mbps, and recorded the highest average maximum1 connection speed across the United States, at 25 Mbps.

In the first quarter of 2010, average measured connection speeds on mobile network providers around the world ranged from 7.2 Mbps, down to 105 Kbps – both were observed on mobile providers in Slovakia. Of the 109 mobile network providers listed in the report, 35 achieved average connection speeds above 1 Mbps. Average maximum1 connection speeds on mobile providers around the world ranged from over 20 Mbps down to just over 400 Kbps. Of the 109 listed providers, 83 achieved average maximum1 speeds greater than the 2 Mbps broadband threshold, 33 achieved average maximum speeds greater than the 5 Mbps high broadband threshold, and six achieved average maximum1 speeds greater than 10 Mbps.


Rating: 3


Tite: State of the Internet, 1st Quarter 2011
Author: Akamai
Date: 20110401
Topic(s): Internet Performance
Publisher: Akamai (Web Article). Retrieved 21 November 2012 from http://www.nationalaglawcenter.org/assets/crs/RL33816.pdf. (2011 1Q Akami State of the Internet.pdf)

Akamai's globally distributed network of servers allows us to gather massive amounts of information on many metrics, including connection speeds, attack traffic, and network connectivity/availability/latency problems, as well as traffic patterns on leading Web sites. Each quarter, Akamai publishes a “State of the Internet” report. This report includes data gathered from across Akamai’s Intelligent Internet Platform during the first quarter of 2011 about attack traffic, broadband adoption, and mobile connectivity, as well as trends seen in this data over time. In addition, this quarter’s report also includes insight into the state of IPv4 exhaustion, IPv6 adoption, and several high profile Internet outages/disruptions seen in the first quarter.

Attack Traffic

During the first quarter of 2011, Akamai observed attack traffic originating from 199 unique countries around the world. Myanmar was the top attack traffic source, accounting for 13% of observed attack traffic in total. The United States and Taiwan held the second and third place spots respectively, accounting for just under 20% of observed attack traffic combined. Attack traffic concentration was lower than in the fourth quarter of 2010, with the top 10 ports seeing 65% of observed attack traffic, including a set of attacks that may have been looking to exploit the Internet privacy tool TOR as a means of hiding their tracks.

Internet and Broadband Adoption

Akamai observed a 5.2% increase (from the fourth quarter of 2010) globally in the number of unique IPv4 addresses connecting to Akamai’s network, growing to over 584 million. From a global connection speed perspective, South Korea recorded the highest level of “high broadband” (>5 Mbps) connectivity, with 60% of connections to Akamai at speeds above 5 Mbps. South Korea also achieved the highest average connection speed at 14.4 Mbps. Hong Kong maintained its position as having the highest average peak connection speed, where the per-IP address maximum connection speed was averaged across all of the IP addresses seen from each country. Cities in Japan and South Korea continued to hold many of the top spots in the rankings of highest average and average peak connection speeds by city. In the United States, Delaware remained in the top position, with 72% of connections to Akamai occurring at 5 Mbps or greater. Delaware also maintained the highest average connection speed, at 7.5 Mbps, as well as the highest average peak connection speed across the United States, at 30.1 Mbps. Riverside, California was the United States city with the highest average connection speed (7.8 Mbps) in the first quarter, and North Bergen, NJ had the highest average peak connection speed (40 Mbps).

Mobile Connectivity

Reviewing first quarter observed attack traffic from known mobile networks, overall attack traffic concentration remained fairly consistent from the prior quarter, with the top 10 countries generating just under three-quarters of the observed attacks. The targeted ports were largely similar to the overall port list, and Port 445 continues to be the target of a significantly higher percentage of attacks as compared to the other ports in the top 10. In the first quarter of 2011, average measured connection speeds on known mobile providers around the world ranged from just over 6 Mbps down to 163 kbps. Average peak connection speeds on mobile providers around the world ranged from 22.7 Mbps to just over 1 Mbps. Looking at content consumption metrics, users on seven providers consumed, on average, more than one gigabyte (1 GB) of content from Akamai per month, while users on 77 additional providers downloaded more than 100 MB of content from Akamai per month during the first quarter. In addition, based on data collected by Ericsson, mobile data traffic saw 130% yearly growth in the first quarter, and is now more than double the measured volume of voice traffic.


Rating: 3


Tite: State of the Internet, 1st Quarter 2012
Author: Akamai
Date: 20120401
Topic(s): Internet Performance
Publisher: Akamai (Web Article). Volume 5, Number 1. Retrieved 20 November 2012 from http://www.akamai.com/dl/whitepapers/akamai_soti_q112.pdf?curl=/dl/whitepapers/akamai_soti_q112.pdf&solcheck=1&. (2012 1Q Akamai State of the Internet.pdf)

Akamai’s globally distributed Intelligent Platform allows us to gather massive amounts of information on many metrics, including connection speeds, attack traffic, network connectivity/availability/latency problems, and IPv6 growth/transition progress, as well as traffic patterns across leading Web sites and digital media providers. Each quarter, Akamai publishes the State of the Internet report. This report includes data gathered from across the Akamai Intelligent Platform during the first quarter of 2012 about attack traffic, broadband adoption, and mobile connectivity, as well as trends seen in this data over time. In addition, this quarter’s report includes insight into SSL, the state of IPv6 adoption as measured by Hurricane Electric, and observations from Akamai partner Ericsson regarding traffic variations on mobile-connected PCs by application and data plan.


Rating: 3


Tite: State of the Internet, 2nd Quarter 2008
Author: Akamai
Date: 20080701
Topic(s): Internet Performance
Publisher: Akamai (Web Article). Volume 1, Number 2. Retrieved 18 January 2012 from http://www.akamai.com/dl/whitepapers/akamai_state_of_the_internet_q2_2008.pdf?curl=/dl/whitepapers/akamai_state_of_the_internet_q2_2008.pdf&solcheck=1&. (2008 2Q Akami State of the Internet.pdf)

Akamai’s globally distributed network of servers allows us to gather massive amounts of information on many metrics, including connection speeds, attack traffic, and network connectivity/availability/latency problems, as well as user behavior and traffic patterns on leading Web sites.

In the second quarter of 2008, distributed denial of service (DDoS) attack traffic continued to target exploits that were identified years ago, suggesting that there is still a significant population of insufficiently patched systems connected to the Internet, and that the Slammer, Sapphire, and Sasser worms may still be active, particularly in Japan, the United States, and China. A number of DNS hijackings were reported during the quarter as well, with Comcast, Photobucket, and ICANN all falling victim. In addition, a number of high profile Web sites and several large shared hosting providers all experienced outages. These problems impacted thousands of Web sites.

The percentage of high-speed (>5 Mbps) connections to Akamai grew rapidly during the second quarter, with significant growth seen both internationally and in the United States. Decreases in the percentage of narrowband (<256 Kbps) connections to Akamai were also seen both internationally and in the United States, likely due, in part, to the growth in availability of, and options for, broadband connectivity.


Rating: 3


Tite: State of the Internet, 2nd Quarter 2009
Author: Akamai
Date: 20090701
Topic(s): Internet Performance
Publisher: Akamai (Web Article). Volume 2, Number 2. Retrieved 18 January 2012 from http://www.akamai.com/dl/whitepapers/Akamai_State_Internet_Q2_2009.pdf?curl=/dl/whitepapers/Akamai_State_Internet_Q2_2009.pdf&solcheck=1&. (2009 2Q Akami State of the Internet.pdf)

Each quarter, Akamai publishes a quarterly “State of the Internet” report. This report includes data gathered from across Akamai’s global server network about attack traffic and broadband adoption, as well as trends seen in this data over time. It also aggregates publicly available news and information about notable events seen throughout the quarter, including Denial of Service attacks, Web site hacks, and network events, including outages and new connections.

During the second quarter of 2009, Akamai observed attack traffic originating from 201 unique countries around the world. The United States and China were the two largest attack traffic sources, accounting for nearly 45% of observed traffic in total. Akamai observed attack traffic targeted at more than 4,100 unique ports, with the top 10 ports once again seeing roughly 90% of the observed attack traffic. (The additional concentration in the second quarter was again likely related to traffic associated with the Conficker worm.) Numerous Web site hacks and Web-based exploits were reported during the quarter, as were distributed denial of service attacks targeted at DNS infrastructure.

Only minor network outages and routing issues were reported in the second quarter. Web site outages during the quarter impacted popular Google applications and Web hosting providers.

A number of new submarine cable projects were announced or deployed in the second quarter. These deployments are ultimately expected to improve Internet connectivity for countries in Africa, Northern Europe, and the Asia-Pacific region. New WiMAX projects and deployments will bring broadband wireless connectivity to countries in Europe, Africa, and Asia, as well as the United States. Fiber-to-the-home efforts announced in the second quarter will benefit users in the United Kingdom, the United States, Germany, Spain, and the Philippines.

The second quarter saw an increased push for IPv6 adoption, as ARIN adopted new requirements governing applications for additional IPv4 address space, and cable provider Comcast announced the availability of IPv6 transit services. In a number of countries around the world, funding was allocated to drive increased broadband deployment, while in the United States, the FCC began seeking comments on the creation of a national broadband plan.

Akamai observed a nominal one percent increase (from the first quarter of 2009) globally in the number of unique IP addresses connecting to Akamai’s network. From a global connection speed perspective, South Korea returned to having the highest levels of “high broadband” (>5 Mbps) connectivity and also maintained the highest average connection speed, at 11 Mbps. In the United States, New Hampshire moved into the top position, with 56% of connections to Akamai occurring at 5 Mbps or greater. However, Delaware maintained the highest average connection speed in the United States, at 6.4 Mbps.


Rating: 3


Tite: State of the Internet, 2nd Quarter 2010
Author: Akamai
Date: 20100701
Topic(s): Internet Performance
Publisher: Akamai (Web Article). Volume 3, Number 2. Retrieved 18 January 2012 from http://www.akamai.com/dl/whitepapers/akamai_state_of_the_internet_q2_2010.pdf?curl=/dl/whitepapers/akamai_state_of_the_internet_q2_2010.pdf&solcheck=1&. (2010 2Q Akami State of the Internet.pdf)

Each quarter, Akamai publishes a “State of the Internet” report. This report includes data gathered from across Akamai’s global server network about attack traffic, broadband adoption, and mobile connectivity, as well as trends seen in this data over time. Periodically, it also aggregates publicly available news and information about notable events seen throughout the quarter, including Denial of Service attacks, Web site hacks, and network events, including outages and new connections.

During the second quarter of 2010, Akamai observed attack traffic originating from 200 unique countries/regions around the world. The United States was the top attack traffic source, accounting for 11% of observed attack traffic in total. China and Russia held the second and third place spots respectively, accounting for just over 20% of observed attack traffic. Attack traffic concentration was lower in the second quarter, with the top 10 ports seeing just over 86% of the observed attack traffic. Aggregated at a continental level, Europe continued to be responsible for the highest percentage of attacks seen in the second quarter. Port 445 continued to be the most highly targeted port for observed attacks, though attacks targeted at Port 23 (Telnet) and Port 22 (SSH) both grew during the second quarter.

Akamai observed a 2.8% increase (from the first quarter of 2010) globally in the number of unique IP addresses connecting to Akamai’s network, pushing past the 500 million mark for the first time. From a global connection speed perspective, South Korea continued to have the highest level of “high broadband” (>5 Mbps) connectivity, with 3 of every 4 connections to Akamai at speeds above 5 Mbps. South Korea also maintained the highest average connection speed, at 17 Mbps (up from 12 Mbps in the first quarter), and recorded the highest average peak connection speed, at 38 Mbps, where the per-IP address peak connection speed was averaged across the IP addresses seen from each country. Cities in South Korea continued to hold many of the top spots in the rankings of highest average and average peak connection speeds by city as well. In the United States, Delaware remained in the top position, with 67% of connections to Akamai occurring at 5 Mbps or greater. Delaware also maintained the highest average connection speed in the United States, though it declined to 7.2 Mbps, and once again recorded the highest average peak connection speed across the United States, at 24 Mbps. Monterey Park, CA was the United States city with the highest average connection speed (6.9 Mbps) and highest average peak connection speed (26 Mbps).

Second quarter attack traffic from known mobile networks was more concentrated than overall observed attack traffic, with half of the observed mobile attacks coming from just the top three countries. Ports targeted by mobile attack traffic were similar to the overall port list, though a higher percentage of attacks targeting Port 445 were observed when looking at just known mobile networks. In the second quarter of 2010, average measured connection speeds on mobile network providers around the world ranged from 6.1 Mbps down to 115 Kbps – once again, both were observed on mobile providers in Slovakia. Of the 109 mobile network providers listed in the report, 95 saw average connection speeds increase in the second quarter. Average peak connection speeds on mobile providers around the world ranged from over 20 Mbps down to just over 700 Kbps. In reviewing content consumption metrics, we found that the amount of content downloaded from Akamai per month per unique IP address showed quarterly growth in 71 of 109 providers, and yearly growth in 85 of those providers.


Rating: 3


Tite: State of the Internet, 2nd Quarter 2011
Author: Akamai
Date: 20110701
Topic(s): Internet Performance
Publisher: Akamai (Web Article). Volume 4, Number 2. Retrieved 18 January 2012 from http://www.akamai.com/dl/whitepapers/akamai_soti_q211.pdf?curl=/dl/whitepapers/akamai_soti_q211.pdf&solcheck=1&. (2011 2Q Akami State of the Internet.pdf)

Akamai’s globally distributed network of servers allows us to gather massive amounts of information on many metrics, including connection speeds, attack traffic, and network connectivity/availability/latency problems, as well as traffic patterns on leading Web sites. Each quarter, Akamai publishes a “State of the Internet” report. This report includes data gathered from across Akamai’s Intelligent Internet Platform during the second quarter of 2011 about attack traffic, broadband adoption, and mobile connectivity, as well as trends seen in this data over time. In addition, this quarter’s report also includes insights into the state of IPv4 exhaustion, the impact of World IPv6 Day, the state of client-side SSL, and smartphone usage trends as observed by Akamai partner Ericsson.

Security

During the second quarter of 2011, Akamai observed attack traffic originating from 192 unique countries/regions around the world. Taiwan was the top attack traffic source, accounting for 10% of observed attack traffic in total. Myanmar and the United States held the second and third place spots, respectively, accounting for just over 17% of observed attack traffic combined. Attack traffic concentration remained consistent with the first quarter, with the top 10 ports seeing 64% of observed attack traffic. While not the top targeted port, Port 80 (WWW) remained a very popular target, especially among the attack traffic originating from Myanmar. Reviewing data collected over the past several years on client-side SSL ciphers, we note that SSL appears to be getting safer and more secure over time – that is, the trends are towards stronger ciphers, driven by the adoption of more modern Web browsers and encryption techniques.

Internet and Broadband Adoption

Akamai observed a 3.4% increase (from the first quarter of 2011) globally in the number of unique IPv4 addresses connecting to Akamai’s network, growing to over 604 million. Looking at connection speeds, the global average connection speed was 2.6 Mbps, and the global average peak connection speed was 11.4 Mbps. At a country/region level, South Korea had the highest average connection speed, at 13.8 Mbps, and Hong Kong had the highest average peak connection speed, at 44.4 Mbps. At a city level, cities in Japan and South Korea continued to hold many of the top spots in the rankings of highest average and average peak connection speeds. Globally, high broadband (>5 Mbps) adoption grew to 27% in the second quarter, and the Netherlands had the highest level of high broadband adoption, at 68%. Broadband (>2 Mbps) adoption increased to 65% globally, with Bulgaria recording the highest level of broadband adoption. Narrowband (<256 kbps) adoption continued to decline, with the global average dropping to 2.9%; Lebanon’s 56% narrowband adoption rate placed it as the country with the highest percentage of narrowband connections.

Mobile Connectivity

Reviewing second quarter observed attack traffic from known mobile networks, overall attack traffic concentration increased from the prior quarter, with the top 10 countries generating nearly 90% of the observed attacks. The targeted ports continued to be very similar to the overall port list, and Port 445 continued to be the target of a significantly higher percentage of attacks than the other ports in the top 10. In the second quarter of 2011, average connection speeds on known mobile providers ranged from 5.3 Mbps down to 209 kbps. Average peak connection speeds ranged from 23.4 Mbps down to 1.2 Mbps. In reviewing mobile content consumption, users on 10 mobile providers consumed, on average, more than one gigabyte (1 GB) of content from Akamai per month, while users on 74 additional providers downloaded more than 100 MB of content from Akamai per month during the second quarter. In addition, based on data collected by Ericsson, mobile data traffic has doubled over the past year.


Rating: 3


Tite: State of the Internet, 2nd Quarter 2012
Author: Akamai
Date: 20120701
Topic(s): Internet Performance
Publisher: Akamai (Web Article). Volume 5, Number 2. Retreived 20 November 2012 from http://www.akamai.com/stateoftheinternet/. (2012 2Q Akamai State of teh Internet.pdf)

Akamai’s globally distributed Intelligent Platform allows us to gather massive amounts of information on many metrics, including connection speeds, attack traffic, network connectivity/availability/latency problems, and IPv6 growth/transition progress, as well as traffic patterns across leading Web sites and digital media providers. Each quarter, Akamai publishes the State of the Internet report. This report includes data gathered from across the Akamai Intelligent Platform during the second quarter of 2012 about attack traffic, broadband adoption, and mobile connectivity, as well as trends seen in this data over time. In addition, this quarter’s report includes insight into SSL, the state of IPv6 adoption as measured by Hurricane Electric and the World IPv6 Launch event, and observations from Akamai partner Ericsson regarding variations observed in mobile traffic patterns by screen resolution and screen size.


Rating: 3


Tite: State of the Internet, 3rd Quarter 2008
Author: Akamai
Date: 20081001
Topic(s): Internet Performance
Publisher: Akamai (Web Article). Volume 1, Number 3. Retrieved 18 January 2012 from http://www.akamai.com/dl/whitepapers/akamai_state_of_the_internet_q3_2008.pdf?curl=/dl/whitepapers/akamai_state_of_the_internet_q3_2008.pdf&solcheck=1&. (2008 3Q Akami State of the Internet.pdf)

Each quarter, Akamai will be publishing a quarterly “State of the Internet” report. This report will include data gathered across Akamai’s global server network about attack traffic and broadband adoption, as well as trends seen in this data over time. It will also aggregate publicly available news and information about notable events seen throughout the quarter, including Denial of Service attacks, Web site hacks and network events, including outages and new connections.

During the third quarter of 2008, Akamai observed attack traffic originating from 179 unique countries around the world. China and the United States were the two largest attack traffic sources, accounting for over 45% of observed traffic in total. Akamai observed attack traffic targeted at nearly 2,400 unique ports, with the top 10 ports seeing over 85% of the observed attack traffic. Web site and Internet security were regularly in the news during the quarter, as several proof-of-concept attack vectors were announced, targeting social networking Web sites, as well as DNS, BGP and TCP, all core underlying Internet protocols.

Hurricanes Gustav and Ike, which made landfall in the United States in September, caused Internet outages in the states that they swept through. Notable Web site outages in the third quarter were attributed to increased traffic, human error and power outages.

Global connectivity saw big advances in the third quarter, with various undersea cable projects getting underway or nearing completion, the commercial launch of WiMAX services in a number of countries, and the announcement of fiber-to-the-premises services that will bring gigabit-speed connections to subscribers in Japan, the Ukraine and the Netherlands.

Akamai observed a nearly ten percent increase globally in the number of unique IP addresses connecting to Akamai’s network, and this increase may be attributable to more people turning to the World Wide Web for news and video content related to the Beijing Olympic Games, which took place in August. From a global connection speed perspective, South Korea had the highest levels of “high broadband” (>5 Mbps) connectivity for the third straight quarter. In the United States, Delaware also maintained its top position, with 55% of connections to Akamai occurring at 5 Mbps or greater. Looking at observed “narrowband” (<256 Kbps) connections, Mayotte and Equatorial Guinea were the “slowest” countries, with 97% and 94% of connections to Akamai, respectively, occurring at speeds below 256 Kbps. In the United States, the District of Columbia and Washington State continued to have the highest percentages of observed connections below 256 Kbps. However, these regions also saw a significant quarter-over-quarter decline in narrowband connection percentages, down 25% and 46% respectively as compared to the second quarter.


Rating: 3


Tite: State of the Internet, 3rd Quarter 2009
Author: Akamai
Date: 20091001
Topic(s): Internet Performance
Publisher: Akamai (Web Article). Volume 2, Number 3. Retrieved 18 January 2012 from http://www.akamai.com/dl/whitepapers/Akamai_State_Internet_Q3_2009.pdf?curl=/dl/whitepapers/Akamai_State_Internet_Q3_2009.pdf&solcheck=1&. (2009 3Q Akami State of the Internet.pdf)

Each quarter, Akamai publishes a “State of the Internet” report. This report includes data gathered from across Akamai’s global server network about attack traffic and broadband adoption, as well as trends seen in this data over time. It also aggregates publicly available news and information about notable events seen throughout the quarter, including Denial of Service attacks, Web site hacks, and network events, including outages and new connections. (However, due to time constraints, this aggregated information has not been included within this quarter’s published report.)

During the third quarter of 2009, Akamai observed attack traffic originating from 207 unique countries around the world. In a shift from prior quarters, Russia and Brazil unseated the United States and China as the two largest attack traffic sources, accounting for nearly 22% of observed traffic in total, half as much as was seen from China and the United States in the second quarter. Akamai observed attack traffic targeted at more than 3,800 unique ports, with the top 10 ports once again seeing nearly 95% of the observed attack traffic, up from 90% in the second quarter. (The additional concentration in the third quarter was again likely related to traffic associated with the Conficker worm and its variants.)

Akamai observed a four-and-a-half percent increase (from the second quarter of 2009) globally in the number of unique IP addresses connecting to Akamai’s network. From a global connection speed perspective, South Korea continued to have the highest level of “high broadband” (>5 Mbps) connectivity and also maintained the highest average connection speed, at nearly 15 Mbps. In the United States, Delaware moved into the top position, with 63% of connections to Akamai occurring at 5 Mbps or greater. Delaware also maintained the highest average connection speed in the United States, at 7.2 Mbps.

Finally, average measured connection speeds among three leading mobile carriers in the United States were in the 700-750 Kbps range for the third quarter. Future State of the Internet reports will include additional metrics & measurements across additional carriers.


Rating: 3


Tite: State of the Internet, 3rd Quarter 2010
Author: Akamai
Date: 20101001
Topic(s): Internet Performance
Publisher: Akamai (Web Article). Volume 3, Number 3. Retrieved 18 January 2012 from http://www.akamai.com/dl/whitepapers/Akamai_state_of_internet_q32010.pdf?curl=/dl/whitepapers/Akamai_state_of_internet_q32010.pdf&solcheck=1&. (2010 3Q Akami State of the Internet.pdf)

Akamai’s globally distributed network of servers allows us to gather massive amounts of information on many metrics, including connection speeds, attack traffic, and network connectivity/availability/latency problems, as well as traffic patterns on leading Web sites. Each quarter, Akamai publishes a “State of the Internet” report. This report includes data gathered from across Akamai’s global server network during the third quarter of 2010 about attack traffic, broadband adoption, and mobile connectivity, as well as trends seen in this data over time.

Attack Traffic

During the third quarter of 2010, Akamai observed attack traffic originating from 209 unique countries around the world. The United States was the top attack traffic source, accounting for 12% of observed attack traffic in total. Russia and China held the second and third place spots respectively, accounting for just over 20% of observed attack traffic combined. Attack traffic concentration was slightly higher than in the second quarter, with the top 10 ports seeing 87% of the observed attack traffic. Aggregated at a continental level, Europe was responsible for the highest percentage of attacks seen in the third quarter. Port 445 continued to be the most highly targeted port for observed attacks, though the percentage of attacks targeted at Port 23 (Telnet) grew significantly during the third quarter.

Broadband Adoption

Akamai observed a 6.6% increase (from the second quarter of 2010) globally in the number of unique IP addresses connecting to Akamai’s network, growing to over 530 million. From a global connection speed perspective, South Korea continued to have the highest level of “high broadband” (>5 Mbps) connectivity, with 72% of connections to Akamai at speeds above 5 Mbps. South Korea also maintained the highest average connection speed, at 14 Mbps (down from 17 Mbps in the second quarter), and recorded the highest average peak connection speed, at 39 Mbps, where the per-IP address maximum connection speed was averaged across the IP addresses seen from each country. Cities in South Korea and Japan continued to hold many of the top spots in the rankings of highest average and average peak connection speeds by city as well. In the United States, Delaware remained in the top position, with 64% of connections to Akamai occurring at 5 Mbps or greater. Delaware also maintained the highest average connection speed in the United States, though it declined to 7.1 Mbps, and once again recorded the highest average peak connection speed across the United States, at 28 Mbps. San Jose, CA was the United States city with the highest average connection speed (8.3 Mbps) and highest average peak connection speed (34 Mbps).

Mobile Connectivity

Third quarter attack traffic from known mobile networks was more concentrated than overall observed attack traffic, with slightly less than half of the observed mobile attacks coming from the top three countries. Ports targeted by mobile attack traffic were similar to the overall port list, though a higher percentage of attacks targeting Port 445 was observed when looking at only known mobile networks. In the third quarter of 2010, average measured connection speeds on mobile network providers around the world ranged from 6 Mbps down to 143 Kbps. Of the 111 mobile network providers listed in the report, 86 saw average connection speeds increase in the third quarter. Average peak connection speeds on mobile providers around the world ranged from over 20 Mbps down to just under 400 Kbps. In reviewing content consumption metrics, we found that the amount of content downloaded from Akamai per month per unique IP address showed quarterly growth on 101 of 111 providers, and yearly growth on 89 of those providers.


Rating: 3


Tite: State of the Internet, 3rd Quarter 2011
Author: Akamai
Date: 20111001
Topic(s): Internet Performance
Publisher: Akamai (Web Article). Volume 4, Number 3. Retrieved 6 August 2012 from http://www.akamai.com/dl/whitepapers/akamai_soti_q311.pdf?curl=/dl/whitepapers/akamai_soti_q311.pdf&solcheck=1&. (2011 3Q Akami State of the Internet.pdf)

Akamai’s globally distributed network of servers allows us to gather m assive amounts of information on many metrics, including connection speeds, attac k traffic, and network connectivity/availability/latency problems, as well as traffic patter ns on leading Web sites. Each quarter, Akamai publishes a “State of the Internet” report. This report includes data gathered from across Akamai’s Intelligent Platform during the third quarter of 2011 about attack traffic, broadband adoption, and mobile connectivity, as well as trends seen in this data over time. In addition, this quarter’s report also includes insight into SSL, the state of IPv6 adoption, and observations from Akamai partner Ericsson regarding the impact that mobile data plans have on usage.

Security

During the third quarter of 2011, Akamai observed attack traffic originating from 195 unique countries/regions. Indonesia became the top attack traffic source, accounting for 14% of observed attack traffic in total. Taiwan and China held the second and third place spots, respectively, accounting for just under 20% of observed attack traffic combined. Myanmar, which appeared suddenly at the head of the top 10 list in the first and second quarters, dropped out of the top 10 just as suddenly this quarter. Attack traffic concentration increased slightly from the second quarter, with the top 10 ports seeing 68% of observed attack traffic. Attacks targeting Port 80 (WWW/HTTP) dropped by about a third as compared to the second quarter, while attacks targeting Port 23 (Telnet) grew by almost the same amount. While an ongoing study of client-side SSL cipher trends continues to indicate a shift towards stronger ciphers, the compromise of a Dutch certificate authority highlighted that the security of SSL must be considered at all touch points, and especially with the organization signing the certificates.

Internet and Broadband Adoption

Akamai observed a 1.8% increase (from the second quarter of 2011) globally in the number of unique IPv4 addresses connecting to Akamai’s network, growing to over 615 million. Looking at connection speeds, the global average connection speed was 2.7 Mbps, and the global average peak connection speed was 11.7 Mbps. At a country level, South Korea had the highest average connection speed, at 16.7 Mbps, as well as the highest average peak connection speed, at 46.8 Mbps. At a city level, cities in Japan and South Korea continued to hold many of the top spots in the rankings of highest average and average peak connection speeds. Globally, high broadband (>5 Mbps) adoption grew to 29% in the third quarter, and South Korea had the highest level of high broadband adoption, at 79%. Global broadband (>2 Mbps) adoption increased slightly to 66%, with Bulgaria continuing to have the highest level of broadband adoption, at 96%. Global narrowband (<256 kbps) adoption continued to decline, dropping to 2.5%. Libya’s 55% narrowband adoption rate placed it as the country with the highest level of connections in this speed range.

Mobile Connectivity

Reviewing third quarter observed attack traffic from known mobile networks, overall attack traffic concentration declined from the prior quarter, with the top 10 countries generating 76% of observed attacks. The list of top ports targeted remained consistent with the second quarter, with Port 445 remaining the target of an overwhelming majority of observed attacks as compared to the other ports in the top 10. In the third quarter of 2011, average connection speeds on known mobile providers ranged from 6.1 Mbps down to 327 kbps. Average peak connection speeds in the quarter ranged from 22.2 Mbps to 1.4 Mbps. Looking at mobile content consumption, users on nine mobile providers consumed, on average, more than one gigabyte (1 GB) of content from Akamai per month, while users on an additional 75 mobile providers downloaded more than 100 MB of content from Akamai per month during the third quarter. In addition, based on data collected by Ericsson, mobile data traffic continued to double on a year-over-year basis, and grew 18% between the second and third quarters of 2011.


Rating: 3


Tite: State of the Internet, 4th Quarter 2008
Author: Akamai
Date: 20090101
Topic(s): Internet Performance
Publisher: Akamai (Web Article). Volume 1, Number 4. Retrieved 18 January 2012 from http://www.akamai.com/dl/whitepapers/akamai_state_of_the_internet_q4_2008.pdf?curl=/dl/whitepapers/akamai_state_of_the_internet_q4_2008.pdf&solcheck=1&. (2008 4Q Akami State of the Internet.pdf)

Each quarter, Akamai will be publishing a quarterly “State of the Internet” report. This report will include data gathered from across Akamai’s global server network about attack traffic and broadband adoption, as well as trends seen in this data over time. It will also aggregate publicly available news and information about notable events seen throughout the quarter, including Denial of Service attacks, Web site hacks, and network events, including outages and new connections.

During the fourth quarter of 2008, Akamai observed attack traffic originating from 193 unique countries around the world. The United States and China were the two largest attack traffic sources, accounting for over 42% of observed traffic in total. Akamai observed attack traffic targeted at more than 20,000 unique ports, with the top 10 ports seeing over 77% of the observed attack traffic. Web site hacks and Web-based exploits were regularly in the news during the quarter, as was a proof-of-concept exploit for a vulnerability in SSL, the underlying mechanism that secures financial and retail transactions, among others, across the Web.

Notable network outages in the fourth quarter were due to submarine cables in the Mediterranean being severed, as well as two major Internet backbone providers de-peering their networks from one another. Notable Web site outages in the fourth quarter were attributed to increased traffic, hardware failure, and power outages.

Global connectivity advanced in the fourth quarter, with the commercial launch or announcement of WiMAX and 3G broadband services in a number of countries, the launch of higher speed cable broadband services based on DOCSIS 3.0, and additional fiber-to-the-home services that will bring extremely high-speed connections to subscribers in Switzerland, Brazil, India, Spain, Italy, and Russia.

Akamai observed a nearly six percent increase (from the third quarter 2008) globally in the number of unique IP addresses connecting to Akamai’s network, and a 28% increase from the end of 2007. From a global connection speed perspective, South Korea had the highest levels of “high broadband” (>5 Mbps) connectivity for the fourth consecutive quarter, and the highest average connection speed, at 15 Mbps. In the United States, Delaware also maintained its top position, with 62% of connections to Akamai occurring at 5 Mbps or greater, and the highest average connection speed in the United States, at 7.3 Mbps. Looking at observed “narrowband” (<256 Kbps) connections, Mayotte and Equatorial Guinea were the “slowest” countries, with 98% and 96% of connections to Akamai, respectively, occurring at speeds below 256 Kbps. In the United States, the District of Columbia continued to have the highest percentage of observed connections below 256 Kbps. However, this was down nearly seven percent from the prior quarter, and over 42% from the end of 2007.


Rating: 3


Tite: State of the Internet, 4th Quarter 2009
Author: Akamai
Date: 20100101
Topic(s): Internet Performance
Publisher: Akamai (Web Article). Volume 2, Number 4. Retrieved 18 January 2012 from http://www.akamai.com/dl/whitepapers/Akamai_State_Internet_Q4_2009.pdf?curl=/dl/whitepapers/Akamai_State_Internet_Q4_2009.pdf&solcheck=1&. (2009 4Q Akami State of the Internet.pdf)

Each quarter, Akamai publishes a “State of the Internet” report. This report includes data gathered from across Akamai’s global server network about attack traffic, broadband adoption, and mobile connectivity, as well as trends seen in this data over time. Periodically, it also aggregates publicly available news and information about notable events seen throughout the quarter, including Denial of Service attacks, Web site hacks, and network events, including outages and new connections. (In this quarter’s edition, due to time constraints, this aggregated information has not been included.)

During the fourth quarter of 2009, Akamai observed attack traffic originating from 198 unique countries around the world. Russia remained the top attack traffic source, accounting for 13% of observed attack traffic in total. The United States and China bumped Brazil back down into fourth place, returning to the second and third place spots respectively, and accounting for nearly 20% of observed attack traffic. Akamai observed attack traffic targeted at more than 10,000 unique ports, with the top 10 ports once again seeing nearly 92% of the observed attack traffic, down slightly from 95% in the third quarter. (We believe that the increase in unique targeted ports is due to “noise” related to random port scanning activity.)

Akamai observed a 4.7% increase (from the third quarter of 2009) globally in the number of unique IP addresses connecting to Akamai’s network. Ending 2009 at 465 million unique IPs, the metric grew 16% from the end of 2008, and nearly 54% from the end of 2007. From a global connection speed perspective, South Korea continued to have the highest level of “high broadband” (>5 Mbps) connectivity and also maintained the highest average connection speed, at nearly 12 Mbps. In the United States, Delaware remained in the top position, growing to 72% of connections to Akamai occurring at 5 Mbps or greater. Delaware also maintained the highest average connection speed in the United States, increasing to 7.6 Mbps.

In the fourth quarter, average measured connection speeds on mobile network providers around the world ranged from 3.2 Mbps on an Austrian mobile provider, down to 106 Kbps on a mobile provider in Slovakia. Over 40 of the mobile network providers listed in the report achieved average connection speeds above 1 Mbps. Among the three mobile network providers in the United States that were included in the 3rd Quarter, 2009 State of the Internet report, two saw quarterly speed declines, while a quarterly increase was seen on the third.


Rating: 3


Tite: State of the Internet, 4th Quarter 2010
Author: Akamai
Date: 20110101
Topic(s): Internet Performance
Publisher: Akamai (Web Article). Volume 3, Number 4. Retrieved 18 January 2012 from http://www.akamai.com/dl/whitepapers/Akamai_State_Internet_Q4_2010.pdf?curl=/dl/whitepapers/Akamai_State_Internet_Q4_2010.pdf&solcheck=1&. (2010 4Q Akami State of the Internet.pdf)

Akamai’s globally distributed network of servers allows us to gather massive amounts of information on many metrics, including connection speeds, attack traffic, and network connectivity/availability/latency problems, as well as traffic patterns on leading Web sites. Each quarter, Akamai publishes a “State of the Internet” report. This report includes data gathered from across Akamai’s global server network during the fourth quarter of 2010 about attack traffic, broadband adoption, and mobile connectivity, as well as trends seen in this data over time.

Attack Traffic

During the fourth quarter of 2010, Akamai observed attack traffic originating from 207 unique countries around the world. Russia was the top attack traffic source, accounting for 10% of observed attack traffic in total. Taiwan and Brazil held the second and third place spots respectively, accounting for just over 15% of observed attack traffic combined. Attack traffic concentration was lower than in the third quarter, with the top 10 ports seeing 72% of the observed attack traffic, including traffic likely related to a Koobface variant that resurfaced in China. The fourth quarter also saw a number of Web sites experience Distributed Denial of Service (DDoS) attacks, including one Akamai customer that had a peak request rate over 9,000x normal levels.

Broadband Adoption

Akamai observed a 4.2% increase (from the third quarter of 2010) globally in the number of unique IP addresses connecting to Akamai’s network, growing to over 556 million. From a global connection speed perspective, Japan recorded the highest level of “high broadband” (>5 Mbps) connectivity, with 58% of connections to Akamai at speeds above 5 Mbps. However, South Korea maintained the highest average connection speed, at 13.7 Mbps. Hong Kong recorded the highest average peak connection speed, where the per-IP address maximum connection speed was averaged across the IP addresses seen from each country. Cities in South Korea and Japan continued to hold many of the top spots in the rankings of highest average and average peak connection speeds by city. In the United States, Delaware remained in the top position, with 67% of connections to Akamai occurring at 5 Mbps or greater. Delaware also maintained the highest average connection speed in the United States, at 7.2 Mbps, as well as the highest average peak connection speed across the United States, at 28.4 Mbps. Riverside, CA was the United States city with the highest average connection speed (7.6 Mbps) and highest average peak connection speed (28.5 Mbps) in the fourth quarter.

Mobile Connectivity

Reviewing fourth quarter attack traffic from known mobile networks, overall attack traffic concentration remained fairly consistent from the prior quarter, with the top two countries responsible for 40% of observed attacks, while the top 10 countries were the source of three-quarters of observed attacks. The targeted ports were largely similar to the overall port list, though Port 445 still accounts for a much higher percentage of attacks when looking at only known mobile networks. In the fourth quarter of 2010, average measured connection speeds on known mobile providers around the world ranged from 4.5 Mbps down to 134 Kbps. Average peak connection speeds on mobile providers around the world ranged from 21.2 Mbps to just barely more than 1 Mbps. Looking at content consumption metrics, consumption grew quarter-over-quarter on 62 of the listed providers, and 89 providers experienced increased content consumption as compared to the end of 2009.


Rating: 3


Tite: State of the Internet, 4th Quarter 2011
Author: Akamai
Date: 20120101
Topic(s): Internet Performance
Publisher: Akamai (Web Article). Volume 4, Number 4. Retrieved 6 August 2012 from http://www.akamai.com/dl/whitepapers/akamai_soti_q411.pdf?curl=/dl/whitepapers/akamai_soti_q411.pdf&solcheck=1&. (2011 4Q Akami State of the Internet.pdf)

Akamai’s globally distributed Intelligent Platform allows us to gather massive amounts of information on many metrics, including connection speeds, attack traffic, network connectivity/availability/latency problems and IPv6 growth/transition progress, as well as traffic patterns across leading Web sites and digital media providers. Each quarter, Akamai publishes a “State of the Internet” report. This report includes data gathered from across the Akamai Intelligent Platform during the fourth quarter of 2011 about attack traffic, broadband adoption, and mobile connectivity, as well as trends seen in this data over time. In addition, this quarter’s report also includes insight into SSL, the state of IPv6 adoption as measured by Hurricane Electric, and observations from Akamai partner Ericsson regarding application usage distribution for PCs and Apple iPhone devices. Additionally, as the final edition of the report for 2011, it also reviews trends seen in key metrics across 2011, as well as comparing them to prior years.

Security

During the fourth quarter of 2011, Akamai observed attack traffic originating from 187 unique countries/regions. China became the top attack traffic source, responsible for 13% of observed traffic in total. The United States and Indonesia held the second and third place spots respectively, accounting for over 17% of observed attack traffic combined. Attack traffic concentration declined slightly from the third quarter, with the top 10 ports seeing 62% of observed attack traffic. Attacks targeting Port 1433 (Microsoft SQL Server) grew by more than 3x quarter-over-quarter, while attacks targeting Ports 8080 and 9415 increased by over 4x as compared to the third quarter.

Internet and Broadband Adoption

Akamai observed a 2.1% increase (from the third quarter of 2011) globally in the number of unique IPv4 addresses connecting to Akamai’s network, growing to over 628 million. Looking at connection speeds, the global average connection speed was 2.3 Mbps, and the global average peak connection speed remained 11.7 Mbps. At a country level, South Korea had the highest average connection speed at 17.5 Mbps, as well as the highest average peak connection speed, at 47.9 Mbps. At a city level, cities in South Korea and Japan continued to hold many of the top spots in the rankings of highest average and average peak connection speeds. Globally, high broadband (>5 Mbps) adoption declined slightly to 27% in the fourth quarter, and South Korea continued to have the highest level of high broadband adoption, growing to 83%. Global broadband (>2 Mbps) adoption remained at 66%, with the Isle of Man having the highest level of broadband adoption, at 97%. Global narrowband (<256 kbps) adoption continued to decline, losing a bit more than one percent quarter-overquarter, but staying at 2.5%. Libya remained the country with the highest level of connections in this speed range, ending 2011 with a 52% narrowband adoption rate.

Mobile Connectivity

Reviewing fourth quarter observed attack traffic from known mobile networks, overall attack traffic concentration increased slightly, with the top 10 countries generating 78% of observed attacks. The list of top targeted ports remained mostly consistent with the third quarter — Port 8080 (HTTP Alternate) replaced Port 4899 (Remote Administrator) among the top 10. Port 445 remained the target of an overwhelming majority of observed attacks as compared to other ports in the top 10. In the fourth quarter of 2011, average connection speeds on known mobile providers ranged from 5.2 Mbps down to 163 kbps. Average peak connection speeds during the quarter ranged from 23.4 Mbps to 1.6 Mbps. Looking at mobile content consumption, users on eight mobile providers consumed, on average, more than one gigabyte (1 GB) of content from Akamai per month, while users on an additional 75 mobile providers downloaded more than 100 MB of content from Akamai per month during the fourth quarter. In addition, based on data collected by Ericsson, mobile data traffic continued to double on a year-over-year basis, and grew 28% between the third and fourth quarters of 2011.


Rating: 3


Tite: State Restrictions on Public Communications Initiatives (as of July 1, 2011)
Author: Baller, James
Date: 20110701
Topic(s): Preemption
Publisher: Baller Herbst Law Group (White Paper). Retrieved 24 October 2011. (2011 State Restrictions on Public Communications Initiatives.pdf)

James Baller of the Baller Herbst Law Group is a significant leader in community telecommunication legal issues. This document lists Baller’s summary of state laws restricting municipal broadband. This information can be viewed visually on the Community Broadband Networks maintained preemption map.


Rating: 5


Tite: Static Over Cable TV in Alameda
Author: Johnson, Chip
Date: 20061117
Topic(s): 00 - Unassigned
Publisher: The San Francisco Chronicle (Newspaper Article). Viewed 24 October 2011.

Rating: 0


Tite: Stockholm fibre network adds billions to economy
Author: Nylander, Johan
Date: 20130503
Topic(s): Economic Development International Broadband Comparisons Open Access Networks
Publisher: The Swedish Wire (Web Article).

Rating: 0


Tite: Strategic plan for a statewide telecommunications infrastructure
Author: Colorad Government Technolgoy Services
Date: 19980201
Topic(s): Colorado
Publisher: Colorado Government Technology Services (Reports). Retrieved 8 February 2013. (1998 Colorado Strategic Plan.pdf)

Rating: 0


Tite: Strategic Technology Infrastructure for Regional Competitiveness in the Network Economy: Executive Summary
Author: eCorridors
Date: 20030101
Topic(s): 00 - Unassigned
Publisher: eCorridors (00 - Unassigned). Retrieved 10 November 2011. (2003 eCorridors Executive Summary.pdf)

Rating: 0


Tite: Strategic Technology Infrastructure for Regional Competitiveness in the Network Economy: Volume 10: Health Information Technology and Infrastructure
Author: eCorridors
Date: 20030101
Topic(s): 00 - Unassigned
Publisher: eCorridors (00 - Unassigned). Retrieved 10 November 2011. (2003 eCorridors Vol 10 – Health.pdf)

Rating: 0


Tite: Strategic Technology Infrastructure for Regional Competitiveness in the Network Economy: Volume 11: Education in the 21st Century
Author: eCorridors
Date: 20030101
Topic(s): 00 - Unassigned
Publisher: eCorridors (00 - Unassigned). Retrieved 10 November 2011. (2003 eCorridors Vol 11 – Education.pdf)

Rating: 0


Tite: Strategic Technology Infrastructure for Regional Competitiveness in the Network Economy: Volume 1: Rationale, Environment, and Strategic Considerations
Author: eCorridors
Date: 20030101
Topic(s): 00 - Unassigned
Publisher: eCorridors (00 - Unassigned). Retrieved 10 November 2011. (2003 eCorridors Vol 01 – Rationale.pdf)

Rating: 0


Tite: Strategic Technology Infrastructure for Regional Competitiveness in the Network Economy: Volume 2: Connecting the Regional Infrastructure to National and International Networks
Author: eCorridors
Date: 20030101
Topic(s): 00 - Unassigned
Publisher: eCorridors (00 - Unassigned). Retrieved 10 November 2011. (2003 eCorridors Vol 02 – Connecting.pdf)

Rating: 0


Tite: Strategic Technology Infrastructure for Regional Competitiveness in the Network Economy: Volume 3: A Fiber Optic Infrastructure Design for Southside and Southwest Virginia
Author: eCorridors
Date: 20030101
Topic(s): 00 - Unassigned
Publisher: eCorridors (00 - Unassigned). Retrieved 10 November 2011. (2003 eCorridors Vol 03 – Design.pdf)

Rating: 0


Tite: Strategic Technology Infrastructure for Regional Competitiveness in the Network Economy: Volume 4: Fiber Optic Infrastructure Design Guide
Author: eCorridors
Date: 20030101
Topic(s): 00 - Unassigned
Publisher: eCorridors (00 - Unassigned). Retrieved 10 November 2011. (2003 eCorridors Vol 04 – Guide.pdf)

Rating: 0


Tite: Strategic Technology Infrastructure for Regional Competitiveness in the Network Economy: Volume 5: Financial Feasibility and Investment Rationale
Author: eCorridors
Date: 20030101
Topic(s): 00 - Unassigned
Publisher: eCorridors (00 - Unassigned). Retrieved 10 November 2011. (2003 eCorridors Vol 05 – financial.pdf)

Rating: 0


Tite: Strategic Technology Infrastructure for Regional Competitiveness in the Network Economy: Volume 6: Leveraging Advanced Optical and Ethernet Technologies
Author: eCorridors
Date: 20030101
Topic(s): 00 - Unassigned
Publisher: eCorridors (00 - Unassigned). Retrieved 10 November 2011. (2003 eCorridors Vol 06 – Leveraging.pdf)

Rating: 0


Tite: Strategic Technology Infrastructure for Regional Competitiveness in the Network Economy: Volume 7: Speculative and Alternative Technologies
Author: eCorridors
Date: 20030101
Topic(s): 00 - Unassigned
Publisher: eCorridors (00 - Unassigned). Retrieved 10 November 2011. (2003 eCorridors Vol 07 – Alternatives.pdf)

Rating: 0


Tite: Strategic Technology Infrastructure for Regional Competitiveness in the Network Economy: Volume 8: Community, Applications, and Services
Author: eCorridors
Date: 20030101
Topic(s): 00 - Unassigned
Publisher: eCorridors (00 - Unassigned). Retrieved 10 November 2011. (2003 eCorridors Vol 08 – Community.pdf)

Rating: 0


Tite: Strategic Technology Infrastructure for Regional Competitiveness in the Network Economy: Volume 9: Demographics for Southside and Southwest Virginia
Author: eCorridors
Date: 20030101
Topic(s): 00 - Unassigned
Publisher: eCorridors (00 - Unassigned). Retrieved 10 November 2011. (2003 eCorridors Vol 09 – Demographics.pdf)

Rating: 0


Tite: Strategies for Strengthening AFN
Author: Ashland, City of
Date: 20050602
Topic(s): 00 - Unassigned
Publisher: City of Ashland (00 - Unassigned). (AFN 2005 Strategies Memo.pdf)

Rating: 0


Tite: Strategies for Strengthening AFN
Author: Ashland, City of
Date: 20050602
Topic(s): Ashland (AFN)
Publisher: City of Ashland (Reports). Retrieved 21 December 2011. (2005 Strategies Memo.pdf)

Visit the OHIvey study of the Ashland project.


Rating: 3


Tite: Study Linking Broadband, Job Creation Shows Need for Coherent US Policy
Author: Cheng, Jacqui
Date: 20071119
Topic(s): 00 - Unassigned
Publisher: ArsTechnica (00 - Unassigned). Viewed 16 September 2012.

Rating: 0


Tite: Study on Local Open Access Networks for Communities and Municipalities
Author: Matson, Malcolm Mitchell, Rod Vasudevan, Rajesh Watt, Charles
Date: 20060101
Topic(s): 00 - Unassigned
Publisher: The International Bank for Reconstruction and Development/The World Bank; Washington, DC (00 - Unassigned). Retrieved 1 March 2012. (2006 Local Open Access.pdf)

Rating: 0


Tite: Study Session - AFN Debt Service Alternatives for the City
Author: Ashland, City of
Date: 20060511
Topic(s): Ashland (AFN)
Publisher: City of Ashland (Reports). Viewed 21 December 2011

Visit the OHIvey study of the Ashland project.


Rating: 3


Tite: Study Session - AFN Debt Service Alternatives for the City: AFN Debt Servcie Alternatives for the City
Author: Ashland, City of
Date: 20060511
Topic(s): Ashland (AFN)
Publisher: City of Ashland (Reports). Retrieved 21 December 2011. (AFN 2006 Debt Service Alternatives.pdf)

Visit the OHIvey study of the Ashland project.


Rating: 3


Tite: Subject: Local Government Fiber Optic Networks
Author: Schaff, John M.
Date: 20050405
Topic(s): 00 - Unassigned
Publisher: Utah Legislative Auditor General Report to Audit Subcommittee (00 - Unassigned). Retrieved 18 December 2011. (2005 SFCN-UTOPIA Summary Legislative Audit.pdf

Rating: 0


Tite: Survey REsults from the "2012 Internet Usage in South Dakota's Agricultural COmmunity" Survey
Author: South Dakota Bureau of Infomration and Telecommunications (BIT)
Date: 20120000
Topic(s): Rural Broadband
Publisher: South Dakota Bureau of Information and Telecommunications (BIT) (Reports). Retrieved 7 November 2013. (2012 South Dakota.pdf)

Rating: 0


Tite: TCT Channel Lineup
Author: TCT
Date: 20120823
Topic(s): Powell WY Service Providers Services
Publisher: TCT (00 - Unassigned). Retrieved 2 January 2013. (POW 2012 TCT Channel Lineup.pdf)

Rating: 1


Tite: TCT Price Sheet
Author: TCT
Date: 20120619
Topic(s): Powell WY Service Providers Services
Publisher: TCT (00 - Unassigned). Retrieved 2 January 2013. (POW 2012 TCT Price Sheet.pdf)

Rating: 1


Tite: Technology Futures Panel Discussion Meeting Summary
Author: Seattle, City
Date: 20040528
Topic(s): 00 - Unassigned
Publisher: (00 - Unassigned). Retrieved 4 January 2012. (SEA 2004 Futures Panel.doc)

Rating: 0


Tite: Telco Lies and the Truth about Municipal Broadband Networks
Author: Scott, Ben Wellings, Frannie
Date: 20050401
Topic(s): 00 - Unassigned
Publisher: Free Press (00 - Unassigned). Retrieved 21 December 2011. (2005 Telco Lies.pdf)

Rating: 0


Tite: Telecom Project not Needed, Group Says: Broadband Developer: Rural Service would Improve
Author: Herald Staff
Date: 20100815
Topic(s): 00 - Unassigned
Publisher: The Durango Herald (Newspaper Article). Viewed 13 February 2012.

Rating: 0


Tite: Telecom Regulatory Reform: Indiana Update 2012
Author: Digital Policy Institute
Date: 20120101
Topic(s): Indiana Regulation
Publisher: Digital Policy Institute, Ball State University (Reports). Retrieved 27 February 2013. (2012 Indiana Regulatory Reform.pdf)

Rating: 0


Tite: Telecommunication Policy for the Information Age: From Monopoly to Competition
Author: Brock, Gerald W.
Date: 19980901
Topic(s): 00 - Unassigned
Publisher: Harvard University Press (Book). Bookshelf

Gerald Brock develops a new theory of decentralized public decisionmaking and uses it to clarify the dramatic changes that have transformed the telecommunication industry from a heavily regulated monopoly to a set of market-oriented firms. He demonstrates how the decentralized decisionmaking process--whose apparent element of chaos has so often invited criticism--has actually made the United States a world leader in reforming telecommunication policy.


Rating: 0


Tite: Telecommunications Utility Report
Author: Ashland, City of
Date: 20101207
Topic(s): Ashland (AFN)
Publisher: City of Ashland (Reports). Retrieved 21 December 2011. (AFN 2010 Update.pdf)

Visit the OHIvey study of the Ashland project.


Rating: 3


Tite: Telephone: the First Hundred Years: the Wondrous Invention that Changed a World and Spawned a Corporate Giant
Author:
Date: 19760101
Topic(s): History
Publisher: Harper Brothers (Book). Salt Lake City Librar

Brooks provides an engaging read chronicling the history of the telephone – well, of AT&T, which in 1976, when Brooks was writing, was the telephone – over the 100 years from A. G. Bell’s first call in 1876 through Brooks’ writing in 1976. Brooks purports in his foreward, “…because books about corporate affairs are commissioned or subsidized so often as to raise well-founded suspicions about the arrangements behind all such books, the author of a corporate history owes it to both his craft and his readers to set forth plainly at the outset the essential terms and conditions under which he has done his work.” Brooks then goes on to explain his publisher asked him to write a history of Bell and AT&T with the promise of near unfettered access to the company’s records. Whereupon, “A meeting ensued between me, my publisher, and representatives of AT&T, at which those representatives agreed to turn me loose in their corporate files and executive offices, with no control over what I might write, provided only that they satisfy themselves initially that I would begin with no special prejudice either for or against their company” (pp. xi-xii). Brooks then goes on to use the access he was granted to write a fairly objective (perhaps canting slightly in AT&T’s favor) history.

One of the more fascinating aspects of the book is the more than 30 years of history since it was written. Over those three decades, AT&T succumbed to monopoly prosecution (begun in 1974 – so well under way at the time of this writing) and was broken up through the consent decree effective in 1984 and deregulation of telephony began through the telecommunications act of 1996. MCI was founded in 1963 and received licensure from the FCC and began offering service in 1969. Nonetheless, in 1976 MCI receives only brief mention, “The leading leased-line competitor, MCI Communications, Inc., had annual revenues of fifteen million dollars” (p. 300); this at a time when AT&T’s annual revenues exceeded $25 billion (p. 301). Not only has the business and regulatory model changed dramatically since the book was written, technology has turned telecommunications on its head. Brooks wrote at a time when telephony and telecommunications were nearly synonymous. Brooks brushes against the coming digital revolution when he mentions that in 1961 AT&T offered a product called Data-Phone, “…making it possible for the new wonders of the business world, computers, to communicate with each other via telephone wires” (p.266) and he recognizes that the 1960s development and implementation of the electronic switching system amounted to, “…in effect, a computerized telephone exchange…” (p. 278). But there is no way he, or his sources at AT&T, Bell Labs, or Western Electric could have imagined that ARPA’s experiments in packet switching (still functioning solely on leased line built circuits at this time) would lead to the packet switching revolution completely remaking the telecommunications world in the 21st Century.

Two interesting quotes in the book appear in the last chapter…

From pages 329-330, “Already, the scientist said, such wave guides [optical lasers on fiber] have been shown to be capable of transmitting voice and data with less line loss than either a twisted pair of wires or coaxial cable. Their commercial use in the future now seems assured; when it comes, it will be a development not without irony, inasmuch as the transmissions of sound by converting it into light was tried a century ago, not very successfully, by Alexander Graham Bell.” And, from page 332, “Speaking of the telephonic future to be brought into being by innovations still to come, President [William O.] Baker [of Bell Labs] waxes visionary, and uses phrases like “anti-entropy” – scientific minimizing of human energy waste. He goes on to say that by the year 2000, telephony and its related arts will “civilize the citizens of the nation,” and in the process will “minimize collectivism” and “Offer access by telephone to the wisdom and processes of the society.”


Rating: 5


Tite: Ten Principles of Telcom Policy
Author: Gilder, George Haney, Hance
Date: 20090201
Topic(s): 00 - Unassigned Public Policy
Publisher: The Heartland Institute; Chicago IL (00 - Unassigned). Retrieved 30 December 2011. (2009 Ten Principles of Telecom Policy.pdf)

Haney and Gilder take a very commercial incumbent centered view of policy principles (mostly deregulation and tax reduction) that would encourage broadband growth. Their ten principles are:

  1. Encourage new investments in telecom services.
  2. Repeal discriminatory taxes and fees on telecom services.
  3. Oppose "network neutrality" regulations.
  4. Reduce intrastate access charges on telephone calls
  5. End requirements that telcos file tariff notices.
  6. Give providers greater freedom to set prices.
  7. Exempt competitive services from utility commission jurisdiction.
  8. End or reform carrier-of-last-resort and build-out obligations.
  9. Minimize government's role in broadband deployment.
  10. Give a single agency responsibility for consumer protection.

Rating: 0


Tite: Testimony of Harold Feld, Senior Vice President, Public Knowledge
Author: Feld, Harold
Date: 20131023
Topic(s): Regulation
Publisher: US House of Representatives (Testimony). Retrieved 28 October 2013. (2013 Harold Feld Testimony.pdf)

Key in Feld's testimony is the Public Knowledge description of "five fundamental values that have defined our communications network and created the communications network on which we all rely." The five fundamental values are:


21st Century Municipal Telecommunications
Own your future.
OHIvey Home | Site Map | Contact